Doddridge County Roots

Our Direct Ancestors

www.doddridgecountyroots.com

6/29/2013

 

 

1.  Renee Lee Brown, also known as Rennie Brown, b. May-20-1947 in Youngstown, OH, residence since 1997 in Doddridge Co, WV, resided formerly in Anne Arundel Co, MD.  Attended Youngstown State Univ, 1965-67; Ohio State Univ, 1967-69; and Fayetteville State Univ, 1975-77 (B.A. in English).  US Army Military Intelligence Officer, Apr 1970 - Dec 1990, including seven years in Germany and seven years as Polygraph Examiner based at Fort Meade, MD.  Computer store owner, Crofton, MD, 1988-93.  Private Investigator, Baltimore, MD, 1993-94.  Baseball concessions supervisor, Oriole Park at Camden Yards, Baltimore, 1995-97.  Youth sports photographer, West Virginia Sports Section, 1997-98. Olan Mills portrait sales, 1998-2010.  Substitute school teacher, 2013.  In August 2005, he launched the Doddridge County Roots genealogy website.  Renee was named for a young boy, René Barthel, whose family his father befriended in Gosseldingen (now Gosseldange), Luxembourg during World War II; Armand promised the family that he would name his first-born son after their son.  Regardless of the spelling, his name has always been pronounced to rhyme with penny.  He married (1) Patricia Jean Smith.  He married (2) Gretl Louise Kramer.  He married (3) Joyce Jacoberger.  He married (4) Debra June Boggess.

     

Parents

 

2.  Armand Leon Brown, b. Jan-27-1923 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV,[1] d. Apr- 9-1985 in Doddridge Co, WV, buried Apr-11-1985 in Masonic Memorial Park Cemetery, Crystal Lake (West Union), WV, resided in Doddridge Co, WV, resided 1946 - 1974 in Youngstown, Mahoning Co, OH, resided until 1945 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV, occupation A&P Grocery Produce Manager, education Doddridge Co H.S. (1941), military Apr- 6-1943 - Jan- 9-1946 S/Sgt, US Army Armor, World War II (Europe).[2],[3]

     

      Armand held several jobs as a youth, including doing custodial work at the West Union Post Office and pumping gas at the local filling station.  After his 1941 graduation from Doddridge County High School, he worked at the A&P grocery store at the end of Main Street near the court house.  He had a knack for working with fresh produce, much of which was displayed outside the store to attract customers.  One person it attracted was a pretty teenager who walked by every morning on her way to school.  Armand happened to be watching one day and saw her grab an apple and continue on her way.  He rushed out of the store and demanded that she either return the apple or pay for it.  We don't know what she ended up doing, because at this point in telling the story, Armand would always say "And that's how I met my wife.  I caught her stealing apples."  That teenage girl was Geneva Gaston, and they married a few years later.  Although it was never made clear in the telling of the story, there's little doubt that far from being an apple thief, Geneva was simply trying to get the attention of someone special.

     

      He married Aug-4-1946 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV,[4] Geneva Pauline Gaston.

 

3.  Geneva Pauline Gaston, b. Nov-15-1926 at Camp Run, Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV, d. Dec-22-2001 in Clarksburg, Harrison Co, WV, buried Dec-27-2001 in Masonic Memorial Park Cemetery, Crystal Lake (West Union), WV, resided from 1974 in Doddridge Co, WV, resided 1946 - 1974 in Youngstown, Mahoning Co, OH, education Doddridge Co H.S. (1945), Salem College.

     

      Graduate of Doddridge County High School (1945) and attended Salem College, Salem, WV, 1945-46.  Worked for two years in the office of the Ford garage in West Union.  Upon her marriage to Armand Brown in 1946, she moved to Youngstown, Ohio, where Armand's family had moved from West Union while he was overseas during World War II.  From 1962 to 1974, she worked as cashier and office worker for A&P food stores in Youngstown and vicinity.  In June 1974, with Armand's heart problems preventing him from continuing his job with A&P in Youngstown, they returned to Doddridge County, moving into the house on Oxford Road, at Cabin Run, where Geneva had lived with her family for about five years prior to her marriage.  From then until his death in 1985, Armand and Geneva operated what had been her parents' small grocery store adjacent to the family home, changing the name from Gaston's Grocery to Brown's Grocery.  With her brother Sam, Geneva was a driving force and principal compiler of this genealogy.

 

Grandparents

 

4.  Addison Avery Brown, b. Aug- 1-1881 in Verndale, Wadena Co, MN,[5],[6] d. Jan-13-1954 in Youngstown, Mahoning Co, OH, buried in Lake Park Cemetery, Youngstown, OH,[7] resided in Youngstown, Mahoning Co, OH,[8] resided 1910 - 1943 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV,8,[9],[10] resided 1893 - 1910 in Chehalis County (now Grays Harbor Co), WA,[11],6 resided originally in Verndale, Wadena Co, MN, census 1910 in Montesano, Chehalis (now Grays Harbor) Co, WA, census 1900 in Satsop, Chehalis (now Grays Harbor) Co, WA, census 1885 in Aldrich Twp, Wadena Co, MN, occupation glass-blower (in WV) and steel mill worker (in OH).8

     

      Born in Minnesota in 1881, Addison Brown moved from there to the state of  Washington with his father in June 1893.  Federal Census data of Jun 5 1900 identifies Addison Y. [sic] Brown, age 19, residing in Satsop, Chehalis County (now known as Grays Harbor County), Washington as a servant and farm laborer in the household of Edward F. Foster, b. Aug 1862 in Idaho.  Addison's birthdate was given as Aug 1880 [sic], birthplace Minnesota, father's birthplace Massachusetts, mother's birthplace New York.  Edward Foster's wife Mary was shown as born in Apr 1864 in West Virginia.  The Fosters' neighbors were the family of Jasper and Virginia Mowry; they and the oldest five of their seven children were born in West Virginia, the younger two born in Washington.  We can only speculate that it was through the Fosters and/or the Mowrys that Addison was somehow introduced to Nancy "Babe" Haught and eventually came to West Virginia.  This is supported by the fact that Jasper Mowry appeared in the 1870 Census of Doddridge County (New Milton Twp) as the 9-year-old son of George & Mary Mowry, and that Jasper N. Mowry & Jennie (nickname for Virginia) Knight were married in Doddridge County on Mar 10 1856.

     

      Census data of April 19 1910 states that Addison Brown was a 28-year-old laborer living in Montesano Precinct, County of Chehalis (now Grays Harbor County), Washington, with place of birth as Minnesota in 1881, residing as a "hired man" in the household of John C. Smith (age 52, born in Wisconsin) and his wife of 27 years, Jennie C. (age 47, born in West Virginia), and their children.  Addison must have come to West Virginia soon thereafter, as he and Nancy "Babe" Haught were married Dec 20 1910 in West Union, and daughter Waneta was born Oct 23, 1911.

     

      1920 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (West Union District), enumerated on Jan 3 1920 at 111 Wabash Avenue:

      A. A. Brown, 38, b. Minnesota, both parents b. Minnesota, occupation truck-dray driver; wife Babe Brown, 33; step-dau Clella Haught, 15; dau Jaunita Brown, 8; son Vernon A. Brown, 2 months.

      Stated birthplace of Addison's parents is clearly in error.

     

      1930 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (West Union District), enumerated on Apr 14 1930 (location appears to be one of several households at 317 E. Main St.):

      Addison A. Brown, 47, b. Minnesota, both parents b. Minnesota, occupation salesman at feed store, age 26 at first marriage; wife Babe, 43, age 22 at first marriage, b. WV, father b. Pa., mother b. WV; dau Mabel W, 18; son Vernon A, 10; son Armond L, 7.

      Again, the stated birthplace of Addison's parents is in error.  Daughter Mabel W. Brown was better known as Waneta Brown; with her name appearing as Juanita Brown, she had been enumerated a week earlier in Harrison County in the household of half-sister Clella and her husband Lawrence Ingram.

     

      1940 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Town of West Union), enumerated on Apr 29 1940 at 304 Cottage Ave:

      A. A. Brown, 59, b. Minnesota, laborer; wife Babe, 52, b. WVa; son Vernon, 20, single, laborer at cleaning & pressing shop; son Armand, 17.  (Note:  It is known from immediate family that in 1940 Addison Brown was employed as a delivery truck driver for the L. A. Hess Transfer Company of Fairmont, WV.)

     

      In an affidavit dated Aug 21 1935 at Clarksburg WV, regarding establishment of Addison's birthdate, Addison stated that his family had moved to Montesano, Washington when he was about nine years old, that the family Bible had been destroyed in a house fire about three years later, that his mother had died when he was about six years old, that his father had died when he was about 18 years old, and that he had no living siblings.

     

      Addison always told his son Armand that his only living relative not descended from him was a cousin, Edith Maria Weeden, whose address was 10 Guernsey Street, Norwich (Chenango County), NY.  We have since determined that Edith Weeden was the wife of Archer Lewis Weeden (b. Mar 18 1870) (married May 20 1891) and was born Edith Maria Terwilliger in New York on Feb 13 1873, daughter of Andrew Jackson Terwilliger (1829-1904) and Mary Esther Sanders (1842-1919) (married Dec 12 1871).  Census data shows that Mary Esther Sanders was a sister of Almira Sanders, Addison's mother.  It was Edith Maria Weeden who in January 1943 provided an affidavit supporting the filing of Addison's delayed birth certificate in Verndale, Wadena County, Minnesota.

     

      He married Dec-20-1910 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV,[12],[13] Nancy Lou "Babe" Haught.

 

5.  Nancy Lou "Babe" Haught, b. Jan-19-1884 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV,[14] d. Sep-23-1977 in Coshocton, Coshocton Co, OH,8,[15] buried in Lake Park Cemetery, Youngstown, OH,[16] resided (nursing home) in Coshocton, Coshocton Co, OH,8,[17] resided formerly in Youngstown, Mahoning Co, OH,8,15 resided originally in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV.8

     

      Nancy was always sensitive about her age, and no one in the family was ever sure exactly when she was born.  The official Jan 19 1884 birth date was provided at the time of the delayed recording of her birth record in 1944 and was based principally on the testimony of her sister Rosa.  Age 23 given at time of Dec 1910 marriage would put birth date in 1887, as would age 43 in the 1930 Census.  The SSDI reports her birth date as Jan 19 1885, while her headstone shows her birth date as Jan 19 1889, also incorrect.  A birth date of Jan 1882 was given in the 1900 Census, correctly placing her between older sister Icy Dell (listed as b. Jul 1880) and younger brother John Homer (b. Nov 1883).  An analysis of the 1900 Census data for that household leads to the conclusion that Nancy and siblings Elizabeth, Icy & Homer seem to have shifted their birthdates in later years to make themselves appear a few years younger than they were.  In Nancy's case, the shift seems to have occurred at about the time of the 1910 Census (when she was listed as being only 4 years older than in the 1900 Census), as her given age stayed fairly consistent after that.  In the end, although we list her birth date as January 1884 to conform with her official birth record,  the likelihood is that she was actually born in January 1882 as indicated in the 1900 Census.

     

      She married (2) Dec-20-1910 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV,12,13 Addison Avery Brown.

 

6.  Ira Dow Gaston, b. Dec-31-1894 in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,[18],8 d. Jul-26-1973 in Washington Co, OH,8 buried in Cabin Run Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV,[19] [Headstone gives the birthdate of 1895, which is incorrect.], occupation oil and gas company.8

     

      Dow Gaston, as he was known, retired from the Equitable Gas Company in 1949 with 28 years of service.  He was a member of the Cabin Run Methodist Church; the Friendship Lodge No. 56 A.F. and A.M., and Order of the Eastern Star Chapter No. 56, both of West Union; the Clarksburg Lodge of Perfection; Clarksburg Chapter of Rose Croix; Wheeling Council of Kadosh; and Wheeling Consistory.  [Obit]   He served on the Doddridge County Board of Education.  [West Virginia Blue Book, 1948, p. 378 & 495]

     

      The small grocery store located next to the family home on Oxford Road at Cabin Run was built in 1949, largely from wood salvaged from an abandoned one-room school building at the Doddridge County community of Grove.  The store was operated by Ira Dow Gaston and family until shortly before his death.  The store and home then stood vacant until June 1974, when daughter Geneva and her husband Armand Brown moved from Ohio to reside in the family home and to operate the store.  The store was closed for the last time on May 31 1985, and the building was dismantled in July 1993, with much of its original wood salvaged for reuse.

     

      He married Apr-26-1921 in West Union, Doddridge Co, WV,[20] Ida Opal Husk.

 

7.  Ida Opal Husk, b. May-28-1904 in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,8 d. Jan-16-1970 in Parkersburg, Wood Co, WV,[21] buried Jan-19-1970 in Cabin Run Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV,19 occupation storekeeper.

 

Great-Grandparents

 

8.  Ammi Almanzia Brown, b. Sep-13-1829 in Boston, MA,[22] d. Jun-20-1899 in Orting, Pierce Co, WA,[23],[24] [at the Washington Soldiers Home], buried in Washington Soldiers Home Cemetery, Orting, Pierce Co, WA,24 resided from May 1897 in Orting, Pierce Co, WA [Washington Soldiers Home], resided Jun 1893 - May 1897 in Montesano, Chehalis (now Grays Harbor) Co, WA, resided 1885, 1890 in Aldrich Twp, Wadena Co, MN,[25] resided 1881 in Verndale, Wadena Co, MN,[26] resided 1874 in Elmira, Chemung Co, NY,[27] [258 W. Hudson Street  < http://www.joycetice.com/director/1874p058.htm >], census 1870 in Guilford, Chenango Co, NY, resided 1869 in New Berlin, Chenango Co, NY,[28] resided 1862 in Palmyra, Jefferson Co, WI,[29] census 1860 in Crawford Co, WI, census 1840 in Burlington, Otsego Co, NY, occupation carpenter,25,26 military Aug-22-1862 - Jul-26-1865 Cpl, Co A, 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery, Civil War.[30],[31]

     

      Very little has been found regarding Ammi Almanzia Brown and wife Almira Sanders.  It is not known for sure when or where they were married or when they moved to Minnesota.  Born in Massachusetts in 1829, Ammi was found in the 1840 Census with his parents and brother residing in Burlington, Otsego Co, NY.  He was next found in the 1860 Census residing in Crawford County, Wisconsin with his first wife, Deborah, and their two children.  (Further evidence of this first marriage is his 1898 application to the Washington Soldiers Home, on which he stated that he had two children, ages 44 and 16.)  He was a resident of Palmyra, Jefferson Co, Wisconsin in Aug 1862 when he entered military service for the Civil War.  Ammi's and Almira's marriage must have occurred upon Ammi's return from Civil War duties, as they are found together in the 1870 Census in Guilford, Chenango Co, New York.  They were next found in the 1885 Census of Wadena Co, Minnesota, with son Addison.

     

      Circumstances taking Ammi from Minnesota to the state of Washington in 1893 are unknown.  An affidavit by son Addison Avery Brown, dated Aug 21 1935 at Clarksburg WV, regarding establishment of Addison's birthdate, stated that his family had moved from Minnesota to Montesano, Washington, when he was about nine years old, that the family Bible had been destroyed in a house fire about three years later, that his mother had died when he was about six years old, that his father had died when he was about 18 years old, and that he had no living siblings.

     

      If Almira died in about 1888, as is likely based on son Addison's twice testifying as much, there is evidence that Ammi twice remarried.  The first re-marriage was confirmed by the discovery of an item in the Tacoma Daily News of Sep 10 1894, which reported that Ammi A. Brown had filed for divorce from Deborah S. Brown on the grounds of desertion after only three days of marriage.  A news item in the Nov 12 1894 issue of that newspaper stated in its entirety "Armi [sic] A. Brown has been divorced from Deborah S. Brown."  Just over three years later, Ammi's marital status was listed as married on his Feb 1898 application to the Washington Soldiers Home.  But on his March 1899 application to the Soldiers Home, his entry for marital status was "She has left me, I do not know where she is."  Correspondence from fourth wife Rachel A. Brown, and others, found in his Soldiers Home file shows that Ammi and Rachel were married on Jun 27 1895 in Tacoma, and that she left him in Spring 1898.  A letter from her dated Sep 29 1899 indicates that she had not been informed of Ammi's death three months before, supporting his contention that she had deserted him.

     

      Addison Avery Brown always gave his parents' names as Ammi Almanzia Brown and Almira Saunders (or Sanders), and official records support that.  But Addison's obituary identified his parents as Adli Brown and Rachel Sanders.  The basis for that information is not known, other than an apparent confusion of his mother with his stepmother.  Ammi's middle name Almanzia has been found in only two documents, son Addison's delayed birth certificate, and Addison's application to the Modern Woodmen of America.

     

      Addison's birth certificate, which was not registered until 1943 when he was a longtime resident of Doddridge County, WV, identified his father as Ammi Almanzia Brown, age 54 at the time of Addison's 1881 birth, born in Massachusetts, occupation carpenter; and his mother as Almira Saunders Brown, age 39 at time of Addison's birth, born in New York.  Information supporting the delayed filing was provided in affidavit by Edith Maria Weeden, 20 Brown Avenue, Norwich, Chenango County, NY, who was identified as Addison's cousin.  Addison always told his son Armand that Edith was Addison's only living relative outside the immediate family.

     

      Civil War Service Records reflect that Ammi A. Brown, a resident of Palmyra, Wisconsin, served as a Private with Co A of the Wisconsin 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment from Aug 1862 to Jun 1865.  Applications to the Washington Soldiers Home in 1897, 1898 and 1899 show this to be the same Ammi A. Brown, born Sep 13 1829 in Boston MA, carpenter by trade, who was the husband of Almira and the father of Addison.  He applied for a Civil War pension on Sep 16 1890, classification "Invalid," which may correspond to what is now called "disabled."

     

      1840 Census, Burlington, Otsego Co, New York:

      Household of Ammi T. Brown

      1 male age 40-50  (this would be Ammi T. Brown, who we know from the 1870 Census was born about 1799)

      1 male age 10-15  (i.e., Ammi A. Brown, b. 1829)

      1 male age 5-10

      1 female age 40-50

     

      No record of Ammi Brown was found in any 1850 Census.

     

      1860 Census, Crawford Co, Wisconsin:

      Ami Brown, 30, b. New York, occupation (blank); Deborah, 28, b. New York; Ida, 6, b. New York; Edwin, 2, b. Wisconsin.

      Although our Ammi Brown was not born in New York, he did live there before coming to Wisconsin.   Despite the discrepancy, this appears to be our Ammi with his first wife and their children (Edwin later appears with him in the 1870 Census).  Ammi was a resident of Wisconsin when he entered the military in 1862.

     

      1870 Census, town of Guilford, Chenango Co, NY:

      Ami Brown, 39, b. Massachusetts, occup house carpenter; Almira Brown, 28, b. New York; Edwin Brown, 11, b. Wisconsin; Ami Brown, 71, b. Connecticut, occup carpenter & joiner.

      Although relationships are not stated, it would appear that the elder Ammi is the father of the younger, who in turn is the father of Edwin.  Based on the earlier census, Edwin's mother was Deborah, not Almira.  No entry for this Edwin Brown was found in any subsequent census.

     

      No entry for Ammi Brown was found in the 1880 Census, although we know that he was in Minnesota for the birth of son Addison in 1881.

      The 1880 Census of Minnesota lists in Aldrich Twp, Wadena Co, Albert A. Brown, age 40, carpenter, born in New York; and Almira Brown, age 35, his wife, born in New York, her father born in Connecticut, and her mother born in New York.  Despite the discrepancies, the possibility cannot be discounted that this is the couple in question.  The same Census shows Charles W. Brown, age 35, born in New York, father born in Connecticut, mother born in New York.  Given ages and locations, these two Browns could be brothers or other close relatives.

     

      The 1885 Census of Minnesota lists in Aldrich Twp, Wadena County, A. A. Brown, age 53, born in Massachusetts; Almira Brown, age 41, born in New York; and Addison (misspelled Adison), age 3, born in Minnesota.

     

      Minnesota Land Records, Document 16156, St. Cloud Land Office, on file at U.S. Bureau of Land Management, show that Ammi A. Brown purchased 80 acres of land on Dec 16 1890, with the following legal description:  Aliquot Parts S1/2SE, Base Line 5TH PM, Fractional Section No, Township 134 N, Range 34 W, Section # 4.

     

      In "The Famous & Not So Famous," published by the Verndale Historical Society in 1987, it is noted that the relationship between the many Brown families who settled there has not been entirely determined.  Of the many pages devoted to settlers of the Brown surname, only the following three entries appear regarding this one:  (1) "Architect and Builder.  I am prepared to take contracts for erecting buildings of all kinds.  Plans and specifications furnished on short notice.  Stair building a specialty."  [Wadena County Tribune, Dec 5 1878, attributed to A. A. Brown]  (2) "A. A. Brown has erected a barn near Verndale."  [Verndale Journal, Dec 26 1879]  (3) "The A. A. Brown Furniture, 1882, is mentioned in 'Bartlett Township History,' Volume I."  It is noted that there were apparently two A. A. Browns, Ammi Almanzia and Albert A., who were carpenters and residing in Verndale at that time.

     

      Based strictly on the two Censuses and on son Addison's birth certificate, Ammi would have been born either ca 1840, ca 1832 (most likely), or ca 1827; but entries on his applications to the Washington Soldiers' Home consistently and specifically state his birth date as Sep 13 1829.  Ammi Almanzia Brown was thought by family lore to have died at age 74 of apoplexy, although son Addison, born in 1881, recalled that he was about 18 at the time of his father's death, which would have been shortly after Ammi's last admission to the Washington Soldiers' Home in Orting, Pierce Co, WA in 1899.  Discovery of his grave at the Washington Soldiers Home Cemetery in Orting shows that Ammi Brown's death occurred on Jun 20 1899, also reflected in Pierce County death records.

     

      He married[32] (1) Deborah ___, b. ca 1832 in New York,32 census 1860 in Crawford Co, WI.

 

      He married25,8 (2) btwn 1860-1870 [The 1860 Census shows Ammi with his first wife, Deborah, but he was with Almira in the 1870 Census.], Almira Sanders.

     

      He married (3) 1894, Deborah S. ___.

 

      He married (4) Jun-27-1895 in Tacoma, Pierce Co, WA,[33] Rachel A. ___, b. Mar- 7-1850 in New York,[34],11 d. Feb- 1-1904 in Tacoma, Pierce Co, WA,[35],[36] buried in Tacoma, Pierce Co, WA,[37] census 1900 in Tacoma, Pierce Co, WA,11

     

      1900 Census, Pierce County, Washington (City of Tacoma), enumerated on Jun 9 1900 at 405 1/2 25th Street East:

      (First name illegible) Brown, female, 50, b. Mar 1850 in New York, both parents b. in NY, occupation housewife, widowed, mother of three children (two still living); dau Cara V. Brown, 17, b. Jul 1882 in NY, both parents b. in NY, single, occupation student.  (Note:  Cara's last name actually was probably something other than Brown, since Rachel and Ammi Brown were married just five years before.)

     

      The remainder of the household consisted of seven boarders:  David Mannanson, 30, b. 1870 in Minnesota, occupation carpenter, married 10 yrs; Steven Mannanson, 8, b. 1892 in Michigan; Pearl Mannanson, 1, b. Dec 1898 in Minnesota; George C. Reed, 27, b. Sep 1872 in Iowa, single, occupation professional athlete; Fred H. Wilson, 27, b. Feb 1873 in Wisconsin, married one year, occupation gambler; Clara A. Wilson, 20, b. in NY, mother of one child (still living); Howard Wilson, 1, b. in Washington.

 

9.  Almira Sanders, b. ca 1843 in New York,[38] d. ca 1888 in Minnesota,[39] resided 1885 in Aldrich Twp, Wadena Co, MN,[40] census 1870 in Guilford, Chenango Co, NY, census 1850, 1860 in Norwich, Chenango Co, NY.

     

      Addison Avery Brown always gave his mother's name as Almira Saunders and stated that she was one-half American Indian.  Almira's birth was in New York sometime between 1840 and 1844, based on the following:   Age 9 at 1850 Census would put it in about 1841, age 20 at 1860 Census would put it in about 1840, age 41 at 1885 Census would put it in about 1844, and Addison's birth certificate gives her age at his birth as 39, putting her birth in about 1842.  But with her sister Mary's birth date confirmed in both the 1900 Census and her death record as Feb 1842, and with Almira appearing in the 1850 Census one year younger than Mary, Almira's birth date is more likely to be about 1843.

     

      Almira was with her parents and siblings in the 1850 and 1860 censuses of Norwich, Chenango Co, NY, and she was with husband Ammi (and his father and son from a previous marriage) in the 1870 Census of Guilford, Chenango Co, NY.

     

      Almira was not found in the Census of 1880.  That year's census of  Wadena County, Minnesota, lists an Almira as the wife of Albert A. Brown, giving her age as 35 (b. ca 1845) and reports her father's birthplace as Connecticut, and her mother's as New York.  Despite the similarities in names and locations, this does not appear to be the same couple.

     

      The 1885 Minnesota Census places her in the household of A. A. Brown with son Addison, identifies her as Almira and gives her age as 41 (b. ca 1844), birthplace New York.

     

      No entry for her was found in the 1900 or subsequent censuses.

     

      In an affidavit filed by son Addison in 1935 to establish his date of birth, he stated that his mother had died when he was about age six.  This would put her death in about 1887 or 1888.  In 1915, in an application for membership in the Modern Woodmen of America, a fraternal beneficiary society, Addison stated that his mother died at age 44 of "inflammation of bowels."  This would also put her death in about 1888.  One question on that application was "Which do you resemble in general characteristics, father or mother?," to which Addison stated that it was his mother.  This is noteworthy because Addison did have certain facial characteristics associated with American Indians.

     

      Information provided at Addison's funeral identified his mother as Rachel Sanders.  This reference is believed to be the result of confusing Addison's mother Almira with his stepmother Rachel.  A funeral card found in family papers identified the deceased as Rachel A. Brown, died Feb 1 1904, age 53y 10m 25d, location not given.  Based on age at death, the birth date would be Mar 7 1850.  Through Veterans records, we have determined that Rachel was Ammi's fourth wife.

     

      Thus, there is still some uncertainty as to the exact identity and birth/death dates of the wife of Ammi Brown and the mother of Addison.  It does appear fairly certain, however, that her parents were Henry J. Sanders and Olive Mowry.  If Almira died in 1887 or 1888 as stated by Addison, the location would likely have been in Minnesota, since she was there in 1885, husband Ammi is known from a land purchase to have been there in 1890, and his move to Washington State occurred in 1893.

 

10.  David Marion Haught,[41] b. May-14-1848 in Greene Co, PA,[42],[43],8,[44] d. Dec- 9-1927 in Doddridge Co, WV,[45],42,44 buried in Cabin Run Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV,[46] cause of death tuberculosis,[47] resided at Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,[48] occupation farmer,[49] military Feb-15-1865 - Jun-10-1865 Pvt, Co P, 6th W. Va. Inf, Civil War,48,[50],29,[51] He married May-20-1867,[52] Mary Watson,

       

        1870 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest Twp), enumerated Sep 3 1870:

        David M. Haught, 22, b. Pa, farmer, unable to read or write; Mary, 21, b. Va; Martha A, 1, b. WVa.

       

        1880 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest District), enumerated on Jun 1 1880:

        David Haught, 32, farmer; wife Mary, 32; dau Martha A, 11; dau Sarah R, 8, dau Lotta M, 6; dau Ida E, 5; son Walter, 3; dau Lizzie, 1.

       

        1900 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest District), enumerated on Jun 12 1900:

        David M Haught, 52, b. May 1848, married 32 yrs; wife Mary, 51, b. Jun 1848, mother of 11 children (all still living); dau Ida Ellen, 25, b. Mar 1875; son M Walter, 23, b. Aug 1876; dau Lizzie, 21, b. Dec 1878; dau Icy Dell, 19, b. Jul 1880; dau Nancy B, 18, b. Jan 1882; son J Homer, 16, b. Nov 1883; son David H, 11, b. Apr 1889; son Berkley, 5, b. Sep 1894; granddaughter Minnie O, 11, b. Aug 1888.

       

        1910 Census, Doddridge County WV (Southwest District, Harrisville-Salem Turnpike), enumerated in April 1910:

        David M. Haught, 61, farmer, married 36 yrs; wife Mary, 61, mother of 11 children (all still living); dau Babe, 22; son Howard, 21, school teacher; son Berkeley, 15, laborer on home farm.

       

        1920 Census, Doddridge County WV (Southwest District), enumerated on Jan 22 1920:

        David Haught, 71, widowed, b. in Pennsylvania, father b. Pa, mother b. W.Va.

 

11.  Mary Watson, b. Jun-23-1848,[53],44 [Although obituary states birth date as Jun 23 1848, age 62y 4m 5d reported in obituary would actually put birth date at Jun 22 1848.  Immediate family had long believed it to be Jun 13 1848, basis unknown.  Age given at death in death record would put birth date at May 22 1848.  Headstone gives only the year 1848.], d. Oct-27-1910 in Freds Run (Oxford), Doddridge Co, WV,[54],53,44 buried in Cabin Run Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV.19

 

12.  John Morris Gaston, b. Sep- 4-1853 in Summers, Doddridge Co, WV,[55],[56] d. Nov-11-1927 in Clarksburg, Harrison Co, WV,[57],55 ["at the home of his son"], buried in Gaston Family Cemetery, Upper Run, Summers, Doddridge Co WV, resided in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,[58] occupation Methodist minister & farmer.  He married Aug-16-1876 in Doddridge Co, WV,[59],[60] Elizabeth Hart,

       

        When John Morris Gaston and Elizabeth Hart were buried in the family cemetery in 1927 and 1921, respectively, no permanent marker was put in place.  In the Spring of 2002, through the actions of their grandson Samuel David Gaston, surviving principal family members purchased a permanent stone marker for this couple's grave, as well as one for the unmarked grave of their grandchildren, twins William and Lillian Gaston, stillborn in 1923.

 

13.  Elizabeth Hart, b. Aug-15-1858 in Lower Run, Doddridge Co, WV,[61],55 d. Feb-28-1921 in Upper Run, Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,[62] buried in Gaston Family Cemetery, Upper Run, Summers, Doddridge Co WV,55 resided in Upper Run, Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV.55

 

14.  William Leonard Husk, also known as Leonard Husk,[63],[64],[65],8 b. Apr- 6-1861 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA,44,[66] d. Aug-17-1919 in Doddridge Co, WV,42,44 buried in Hart Cemetery, Taylor Drain Rd, Oxford, Doddridge Co WV,19 cause of death dropsy,42 resided in Doddridge Co, WV, resided previously in Pocahontas Co, WV, resided previously in Jackson Co, WV, occupation farmer & timberman,42 census 1870, 1880 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV.66

       

        William Leonard Husk and his first wife, Susan Emma Husk, were first cousins once removed by virtue of his being the grandson of Samuel (d. bef 1848) and Elizabeth Husk, and her being their great-granddaughter.  None of their four children lived beyond infancy.  In the 1890's Leonard Husk and his family moved to Jackson Co, WV.  Leonard later moved to Durbin, Pocahontas Co, WV, where he worked as a logger.[67]

       

        He married (1) Sep-10-1887 in Marietta, Washington Co, OH,[68] Susan Emma Husk, b. Apr-12-1870 in Ritchie Co, WV, d. Aug-30-1893 at Cokeleys, Ritchie Co, WV,[69] buried in Cairo, Ritchie Co, WV [Buried with infant daughter.], cause of death consumption (tuberculosis).[70] 

 

        He married (2) Feb-3-1894 in Ritchie Co, WV,[71],[72] Virginia Elizabeth "Jennie" McNemar, also known as Jennie E. McNemar,72,[73] census name Jennie E.[74]

 

15.  Virginia Elizabeth "Jennie" McNemar, also known as Jennie E. McNemar,72,73 census name Jennie E.,74 b. Apr-15-1872 in Cairo, Ritchie Co, WV,42,[75],44 d. Nov- 9-1938 in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,75,[76],42,55,44 buried in Hart Cemetery, Taylor Drain Rd, Oxford, Doddridge Co WV,19,55,42 census 1920, 1930 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1880 in McClellan District, Doddridge Co, WV.

 

Great-Great-Grandparents

 

16.  Ammi Tufts Brown, birth name Amma Tufts Brown, census name Amina Brown,[77] b. Nov-22-1799 in Brooklyn, Windham Co, CT,[78],[79] d. btwn 1870 - 1874 in New York [Probable, but not confirmed.  The 1870 Census was the last record we have of Ammi T. Brown.  He did not appear with son Ammi A in the 1874-75 Elmira city directory, as he had in the  1869-70 Chenango County business directory.], census 1870 in Guilford, Chenango Co, NY, resided 1869 in New Berlin, Chenango Co, NY,28 census 1850 in Pittsfield, Otsego Co, NY, census 1840 in Burlington, Otsego Co, NY, occupation carpenter & joiner.79

       

        The birth of Ammi T. Brown is documented in "Connecticut Town Birth Records, pre-1870 (Barbour Collection)," Brooklyn Vital Records, Vol. 1, p. 232, in which he is identified as Amma Tufts Brown, b. Nov 22 1799 in Brooklyn, Connecticut, son of Rufus & Mary.  Although other variations of his name have been found in census records, he seems to have generally identified himself as Ammi T. Brown.  He was named for his uncle, Ammi Tufts, the husband of his mother's sister Lucy.

       

        His marriage to Annis is documented only by their appearance together in the 1850 Census of Otsego County, New York.  Other than the births of his sons Ammi A. in Boston in 1829 and Andrew in New York in 1834, we have no record of Ammi T. Brown's whereabouts between his birth in Connecticut in 1799 and his appearance in the 1840 Census in Otsego County.

       

        1840 Census, Burlington, Otsego Co, New York:

        Household of Ammi T. Brown

        1 male age 40-50  (i.e., Ammi T. Brown, who we know from his birth record was born in 1799)

        1 male age 10-15  (i.e., son Ammi A. Brown, b. 1829)

        1 male age 5-10 (i.e., son Andrew Brown, who we know from the 1900 Census was born Sep 1834)

        1 female age 40-50 (i.e., wife Annis Brown, who we know from the 1850 Census was born about 1801)

       

        1850 Census, Pittsfield, Otsego Co, New York, enumerated on Sep 6 1850:

        Amina Brown, male, 50, b. Connecticut, occup house joiner; Annis Brown, female, 49, b. New York; Andrew Brown, male, 15, b. New York, farmer.

       

        1870 Census, town of Guilford, Chenango Co, NY:

        Ami Brown, 39, b. Massachusetts, occup house carpenter; Almira Brown, 28, b. New York; Edwin Brown, 11, b. Wisconsin; Ami Brown, female, 71, b. Connecticut, occup carpenter & joiner.

        Ami is clearly a misspelling of Ammi, and labeling the elder Ami (Ammi) a female is considered to be a clerical error, especially in view of the listed occupation.

       

        No record of this Ammi Brown was found in any 1860 or 1880 Census.

       

        The 1830 Census of Adams, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, had the following entry:

        Household of Arnum Brown

        1 male age 30-40

        1 male under 5

        2 females age 20-30

        1 female under 5

        Despite the name variance, the handwriting is not entirely clear, and the possibility cannot be discounted that this is the household of Ammi T. Brown.

       

        "Gazetteer and Business Directory of Chenango County, N.Y. for 1869-70," compiled & published by Hamilton Child in 1869, p. 205, has the following consecutive entries for the town of New Berlin:

        "BROWN, AMMI A., (South New Berlin), carpenter and joiner.

        Brown, Ammi T., (South New Berlin), lot 41, T. 16, house joiner and farmer."

        The preface to the publication states "Name set in CAPITALS indicates subscribers to this work."  It also states "Post Office Addresses in Parentheses" and explains that "T." stands for Township.

        http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nychenan/69nbrlin.htm

       

        A similar publication five years later, "Boyd's Elmira and Corning Directory" for 1874-75, published by Andrew Boyd and W. Harry Boyd, contains the following entry on page 58:  "Brown Ammi A., carpenter, h 258 W Hudson ."  The key to abbreviations indicates that the "h" stands for house.

        Since there was no entry for Ammi T. Brown, we can only speculate that he may have died in the intervening five years.  He also was not found in the 1880 Census.

        http://www.joycetice.com/director/1874p058.htm

       

        The name Ammi is from the Hebrew, meaning "my people."

        http://www.meaning-of-names.com/hebrew-names/ammi.asp

        http://www.zelo.com/firstnames/findresults.asp?name=AMMI.

       

        He married77,[80] Annis ___.

 

17.  Annis ___, b. ca 1801 in New York,77 census 1850 in Pittsfield, Otsego Co, NY, census 1840 in Burlington, Otsego Co, NY.

       

        Other than her birthplace and approximate birth date from the 1850 Census, we have found no information regarding Annis, wife of Ammi T. Brown.  The 1850 Census is the last record that we have of her.  Her death was presumably between 1850 and 1870, since husband Ammi was found without her in the 1870 Census.  No 1860 census record was found for either of them.

       

        The name Annis is a medieval (both English and Scottish) form of Agnes much used by some colonial families.  It is often misread as ‘Annie,’ a diminutive not used as a formal name much before the nineteenth century.

 

18.  Henry J. Sanders, b. ca 1806 in Rhode Island,77 census 1850, 60, 70, 80 in Norwich, Chenango Co, NY.  He married73 Olive L. Mowry,

       

        The parents of Henry J. Sanders and Olive L. Mowry have not been determined.  If any reader of this genealogy has information which would shed light on this subject, please let us know.

       

        1850 Census, Norwich, Chenango Co, NY, enumerated on Apr 20 1850:

        Harry (sic) J. Sanders, 44, b. Rhode Island, occupation laborer; Olave, 36, b. R.I.; Charles H, 12, b. New York; Mary E, 10, b. NY; Almira, 9, b. NY; Slater P. (?), 8, b. NY; William B, 4, b. NY; Washington, 2, b. NY.

       

        1860 Census, Norwich, Chenango Co, NY, enumerated on Aug 18 1860:

        Henry J. Sanders, 54, b. R.I., occup farm laborer; Olive, 44, b. R.I.; Charles H, 23, b. NY, farm laborer; Alvira (sic), 20, b. NY; William P. (or B?), 13, b. NY; Washington, 11, b. NY; Albert, 9; Edwin A. (or H?), 6.

       

        1870 Census, Norwich, Chenango Co, NY, enumerated on Aug 14 1870:

        Henry J. Sanders, 56, b. R.I., occup making shingles; Olive, 53, b. Connecticut; Slater, 26, b. NY; Albert, 20, b. NY; Charles, 19, b. NY; Jane, 17, b. NY

        Unclear who this Charles and Jane might be, since they did not appear in the 1860 Census.

        Also in the 1870 Census, two doors down from Henry Sanders, was the following household:

        Charles H. Sanders, 35, b. NY, farmer; Mary E. Sanders, 28; Edwin Sanders, 15.

        These are three siblings, children of Henry & Olive.

       

        1880 Census, Norwich, Chenango Co, NY, enumerated on Jun 11 1880:

        Henry J. Sanders, 74, b. R.I., both parents b. R.I., farmer; wife Olive, 66, b. R.I., both parents b. R.I.; son Charles H, 46, b. R.I., farm worker; son Edwin, 26, b. R.I., farm worker.

 

19.  Olive L. Mowry, b. ca 1814 in Rhode Island,77 census 1850, 60, 70, 80 in Norwich, Chenango Co, NY.

 

20.  Peter B. Haught, census name Peter B. Haut,[81] b. Sep-  -1809,[82] [In the1920 Census, son David Haught stated his father's birthplace as Pennsylvania and his mother's as West Virginia; but in the several censuses that included Peter B. Haught himself, he provided his own birthplace as Virginia.  This is likely in present-day West Virginia, probably Monongalia County near the Pennsylvania border.], d. Jun-14-1883 in Doddridge Co, WV,[83] buried in Cabin Run Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV,19 census 1880 in West Union District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1870 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA, census 1850 in Barbour Co, (W)VA, census 1840 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA, occupation farmer,81,[84],66,[85] military Jan-  -1863 - Apr-23-1864 Pvt, Co B, W.Va. Independent Exempt Inf, Civil War,48,[86],[87] [The 1890 Veterans Schedule entry for Peter B. Haught, which was based solely on information provided by his widow Bashaba, indicated that he had served for 1 yr 5 mo, with a discharge date of June 1865.  But monthly company muster rolls completed at the time of his service clearly show that he enlisted in Doddridge County for a period of three years on Dec 8 1862 with a muster-in date of Jan 9 1863 at Wheeling, and that he was mustered out in Wheeling on Apr 23 1864.  His length of service thus corresponds to the 1890 Veterans Schedule, but with different dates.  He seems to have understated his age by ten years during his military service.  The two companies of the W.Va. Independent Exempt Infantry were stationed at Wheeling, the state capital, to perform guard and escort duties.].

       

        Peter B. Haught, presumably a descendant of Paul Haught of Holland, came into Monongalia Co, (W)VA, from Fayette Co, PA, and purchased a farm of 117 acres, on Statler's Run, on Sep 28, 1837.  In 1845 he sold this land and lived in Greene Co, PA, for a short time, later relocating to Doddridge County, West Virginia, near the Ritchie County line.  As explained below, his exact parentage has not been definitively determined.

       

        According to the 1948 W. B. Haught genealogy, Peter Haught I was born in Rotterdam, Holland in 1720.  He married there in about 1747 and sailed from there on the ship Patience, landing at Philadelphia on Sep 9, 1751, with his wife and daughter Elizabeth.  Sometime prior to 1755, he settled near the present town of Moorefield, in what is now Hardy County, WV.  His son, Peter Haught II, was born in the South Branch valley on July 1, 1755.  (This is presumably the Peter Haut, age 95, listed in the 1850 Census of Monongalia County, along with six other household members.)   Peter Haught I had another son by a second wife in 1790.

        Peter Haught I had three brothers who also came to America:  (1) Tobias Haught, who never married; (2) Henry Haught, who had sons John, Nicholas and Peter, the latter killed at Fort Meigs on Feb 23, 1813; and (3) Paul Haught, who is thought to be the ancestor of the Peter B. Haught (1809-1883) of this genealogy.

       

        Paul Haught came to Statler's Run in 1776 and marked a settlement right on a tract of land near the location of his nephew, Peter Haught II, and Richard Tennant.  There is no evidence of Paul's return to this settlement right, but two of his sons, John and Jacob, came and claimed the land as heirs of Paul Haught, and had it surveyed on April 6, 1785.  Their patent on this tract of 324 acres is dated Oct 25, 1792.  On April 4, 1800, they sold 169 acres of the tract to Peter Tennant (son-in-law of Peter Haught I), and on Oct 8, 1804, they sold the remaining 155 acres to Samuel Varner.  John Haught and his wife Catherine acknowledged the deed in Monongalia County, while Jacob Haught and his wife Magdaline Haught acknowledged in Fayette Co, PA.  John Haught lived in Monongalia County for a few years, owning land on Days Run, and on Dunkard Creek, near Blacksville.  His deed for the Dunkard Creek land, to John Johnson, is dated Aug 2, 1806.  He moved to Fayette Co, PA.  Amos Haught, apparently another son of Paul Haught, was assistant to Samuel Hanway, Surveyor of Monongalia Co, and made two surveys of farm lands in November 1783.  Peter Haught, who purchased land on Sandy Creek on March 7, 1815, must have been another son of Paul Haught, as both Peter Haught I and his brother Henry had sons whom they named Peter.  [Haught, W. B., "Genealogy of the Haught Family of America," 1948, pp 1, 112 and 165]

       

        Monongalia County marriage records show a marriage between Peter Haught and Elizabeth Jenkins on Aug 16 1803.  A marriage bond was issued in Monongalia Co (W)VA on Jan 1 1838 for Peter Hought, Jr. and Rachel Wilson, daughter of William Wilson.  The spelling Hought is presumably a variation or misspelling of Haught.  ["Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine," Vol 64, No. 11, Nov 1930, p. 705]

       

        Adding to the confusion of the many Peter Haughts in that region at that time is this entry from "Chronicles of Core," p. 5:  "Certificates granted by the commissioners for adjusting the claims to unpatented lands on the westernwaters for the county of Monongalia in February, March and April 1781 include the following ....  Peter Haught, Senior, 400 acres on Statlers Run, adjoining lands of Henry Smith, to include his improvement made in 1776."  Core also makes reference (p. 6) to Richard Tennant, "the ancestor of a very large and important family still living in Monongalia country, came from Glasgow, Scotland, about 1760, selling his time for seven years to pay his passage.  About 1769 he married Elizabeth Haught, who was of German descent, at Moorefield, Hardy County, Va....  after serving in the Revolutionary War for a time, came and settled on Jake Statlers Run.  His brother-in-law, Peter Haught, came with him."  [Core cites Wiley, in "History of Monongalia County, p. 26]

        Another Elizabeth Haught of that time is also cited by Core (p. 45):  "Elizabeth Piles (nee Haught) died March 18, 1834, aged 49 years, 6 months, and 27 days, and was buried in the Price Cemetery.  She was the wife of John Piles, son of Zechariah Piles by his second wife, Susannah."  Her age at death would put her birthdate at Aug 19 1784.

       

        Very near the grave of Peter B. Haught is a marker for Nancy L. (Postlewait) Britton, who was born ca 1853 in Ritchie County, a daughter of Isaac & Mary Ann (Haught) Postleweight.  Mary Ann Haught was born ca 1819 in Pennsylvania, parents not known.  But the proximity of her daughter's grave to that of Peter B. Haught would suggest a close relationship, perhaps siblings.

       

        Other researchers have reported the parents of Peter B. Haught variously as [1] Jacob Haught (1767-ca 1849) & Magdalena Croushour (1767-1815), [2] Johan (or John) Peter Haught (ca 1786 - ca 1844) & Sarah Sally Carver (1794-1843), and [3] Paul Haught & unknown.  For ourselves, until a definitive connection surfaces, the parents of Peter B. Haught must remain an unsolved mystery.[88],[89],[90]

       

        He married in Mt. Morris, Greene Co, PA, Bashaba Musgrave,

       

        1840 Census, Monongalia Co, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Household of Peter B. Haut:

        1 male, age 30-40

        1 female, age 30-40

        (Note:  If this is the correct household, daughter Mariah in not accounted for.  See below.)

        The adjacent household was that of Peter Haut:

        1 male, age 80-90; 1 male, age 15-20; 2 males, age age 10-15

        1 female, age 30-40; 1 female, age under 5

        A nearby household was that of Jacob Haut:

        1 male, age 20-30; 1 male, age 5-10

        1 female, age 30-40; 1 female, age 5-10; 1 female, age under 5

        Another household in the vicinity was that of Peter Haut:

        1 male, age 20-30

        1 female, age 20-20; 1 female, age under 5

        (Note:  Other than the lack of middle initial, this could be the Peter B. Haught of this genealogy, as it would account for daughter Mariah.)

        Yet another household in the vicinity was that of another Peter Haut:

        1 male, age 20-30; 2 males, age under 5

        1 female, age 20-30; 2 females, age 5-10

       

        1850 Census, Barbour Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Aug 29 1850:

        Peter B. Haut, 40, farmer, b. Virginia; Beeshebe (?), 38, b. Virginia; Maria Jane, 15; Elmina, 8; Marvil L, 4; David, 2.

       

        1860 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Jul 15 1860:

        P. B. Haught, male, 50, farmer, b. Virginia

        S. Haught, female, 40  (presumably Bashaba)

        M. Haught, male, 13  (this would be Marville)

        J. Haught, male, 12  (presumably David)

        John Haught, male, 7

       

        1870 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest District), enumerated on Aug 19 1870:

        Peter B. Haught, 59, farmer, b. Virginia; Bathsheba Haught, 58, b. Virginia; John C. Haught, 17; Maria J. Stinespring, 35.

       

        1880 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (West Union District), enumerated on Jun 8 1880:

        P. B. Haught, male, 70, farmer, b. Virginia; wife B. Haught, female, 69; son John C. Haught, 27, farmer.

 

21.  Bashaba Musgrave, b. May-28-1811 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,19 d. Sep- 2-1898,19 buried in Cabin Run Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV.19

       

        Spelling of name appears in various forms as Bashaba (headstone), Barsheba (father's will), Bathsheba (1870 Census), Basheba, etc.  Birthplace possibly Buckhannon, Upshur Co, WV.

 

22.  William M. Watson, b. ca 1818 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,[91],66,60,19 d. Feb- 9-1890 in Roane Co, WV,[92],19 buried in Hebron Memorial Church Cemetery, Roane Co, WV,19,[93],[94] resided in Roane Co, WV,[95] census 1880 in Roane Co, WV, census 1870 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.

       

        There is some question as to the date and place of birth of this William M. Watson.  Age 45 given at time of 1860 Census would put birth in about 1815, while age given for the 1870 and 1880 Census would put birth ca 1819.  Age 53 given at time of his second marriage, in Sep 1871, would put birth ca 1818.  Age 72 given at the time of his death in Feb 1890 would put birth ca 1817 or 1818.  His place of birth is given as Harrison County in the record of his second marriage, but as Mercer County in his death record.  Harrison County would seem more likely.

       

        1850 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumeratd on Jul 23 1850:

        William Watson, 31, farmer; Nancy, 30; Malinda, 8; Sarah, 6; Juliet, 4; Martha, 1; Mary, 1.

        (Note:  The adjoining household reported was that of John G. Hart & his wife Malinda Ann Nutter, sister of William's wife Nancy.  Ninety-six years later, in August 1946, William & Nancy Watson's great-grandson, Armand Leon Brown, married Geneva Pauline Gaston, the great-granddaughter of John & Malinda Hart.)

       

        1860 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        William Watson, 45, farmer; Nancy, 40; M. A. (female), 18; S. (female), 16; J. (female), 14; Martha, 11; Mary, 11; Jane, 9; Loyd, 8; Marion, 2.

       

        1870 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest Twp):

        William Watson, 51, farmer; Nancy J, 18; William L, 15; Francis M, 12; Amanda V, 9; William E. Crichfield, 5.

        (Note:  William E. Critchfield was the grandson of William & Nancy Nutter Watson.  His father, William E. Critchfield, died in the Civil War a month before he was born, and his mother, Malinda Ann Watson Critchfield, remarried John William Wyatt in Pennsylvania two years later.)

       

        1880 Census, Roane Co, WV (Spencer District), enumerated in June 1880:

        William Watson, 61, farmer; wife Ellen J, 50; dau Amanda V, 19; granddau Eva I (?), 7.

       

        He married[96],[97] (1) Oct-22-1840 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,[98] Nancy Nutter.

       

        He married (2) Sep-25-1871 in Doddridge Co, WV,[99] Ellen Jane Stinespring, also known as Ella J. Stinespring,64 b. May-31-1830 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,91,[100],[101],44 d. Aug-14-1914 in Auburn, Ritchie Co, WV,[102],44 buried in Mt. Union Cemetery, Straight Fork, Doddridge Co, WV,19 census 1900 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1880 in Roane Co, WV, census 1870 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV,

       

        1900 Census of Doddridge County (Southwest District) shows Ellen J. Watson as a member of her son John Ervin Leggett's household, along with his wife and seven children.  She was listed as a widow, age 70, born May 1830, mother of 10 children, of which 2 were still living.

 

23.  Nancy Nutter, b. Feb-22-1818 in Barbour Co, (W)VA,34 [Don Norman reports birth date as 1820.], d. Jun-29-1869 in Doddridge Co, WV,[103],76,[104] census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.

       

        Some researchers report the parents of Nancy Nutter, the wife of William Watson, as James Nutter (1773-1833) and Julia Ann Davisson (1775-1826), a relationship that is at variance with substantiated facts about her.  Nancy Nutter Watson's death record in Doddridge County states that she was born in Barbour Co, (W)VA, the daughter of "A. Nutter."  While Barbour County is inconsistent with the reported birthplaces (Harrison and Doddridge Counties) of her siblings and may be incorrect, we do know that her husband William Watson's family had resided for some time in Barbour County, and that her two oldest children were also born in Barbour County.  As far as can be determined, James Nutter and Julia Ann Davisson spent their entire lives in Harrison County and had no known Barbour County connections.

       

        Adding to the confusion is the Nutter genealogy compiled by Donald Norman, based on Barr Wilson's work, listing among the children of James Nutter & Julia Ann Davisson, and also among the children of Andrew Nutter & Malinda Willis, a daughter named Nancy who married a William Watson.  That there would be two Nancy Nutters who married two William Watsons in that region and time frame seems very unlikely.  However, we do know that a Nancy Nutter married a William Watson in Harrison County on Oct 22 1840 (or possibly Mar 4 1841, based on interpretation of the handwritten marriage record; a Marriage Bond was executed in Harrison County on Sep 1 1840 by Nancy Nutter's parents, Anda (sic) & Malinda Nutter, and also signed by her brother Willis Nutter and by Otha G. Watson, half-brother of William M. Watson).  There is nothing in the marriage record itself (MR Bk 3, p. 145) reflecting the parentage or exact identity of either person, leaving open the possibility that it was a different Nancy Nutter, a different William Watson, or both.  But the family members mentioned in the marriage bond should dispel any doubt.

       

        No other marriage record for William or Nancy was found in Harrison, Doddridge or Barbour Counties.  Given all the evidence and circumstances, we conclude that it was this Nancy Nutter, daughter of Andrew Nutter & Malinda Willis, who married William Watson.

 

24.  Eli Morris Gaston, b. Aug- 3-1822 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,[105] d. Jan-27-1909 in Doddridge Co, WV,76 [A newspaper memoriam in the West Union Record of Feb 12 1909 indicated his death date as Jan 28 1909, also reported by family members.  But Doddridge County death records indicate Jan 27 1909.], buried in Gaston Family Cemetery, Upper Run, Summers, Doddridge Co WV, census 1870, 1880, 1900 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA, occupation minister and farmer.

       

        The Methodist Protestant Church was introduced into Doddridge County, WV by Eli Morris Gaston and his brother Daniel.  These two young men came onto the headwaters of Hughes River in 1843 and purchased several thousand acres of wooded land where they established homes.  Eli and his wife Rulina set up housekeeping in a one-room log cabin on Gaston Run in December 1846.  Later they constructed a two-story log home where they spent their entire married lives. This house burned down in 1910.

       

        In 1846 the Gaston brothers succeeded in having a Methodist Protestant minister come into the new settlement and preach at Eli's home.  Arrangements were made for regular services, and the people built a log house for school and church services.  The new house was named Harmony because of the fine spirit of harmony and cooperation among the people composing the new settlement.  In 1866 the old log house was replaced by a neat frame building which served the congregation until 1901, when a large modern house of worship was built.  The Reverend Mortimer Ireland (b. 8/8/1835) was pastor at that time.  Charter members included Eli Morris Gaston and Daniel Gaston and their wives, J. E. Strother and his wife, John Hart and wife, S. M. Gaston and wife, and Samuel Richards.  Others who joined later included R. Husk and wife, Isaac Hileman and wife, John I. Gaston and wife, T. W. Chapman and wife, J. S. Britton and wife, and George Pierce and wife.  This was considered to be the best congregation of its denomination in Doddridge County.[106]

       

        He married Nov-29-1846 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA,[107],[108],52 Rulina A. Lowther, also known as Rulina Louthers,[109] also known as Pauline Lowther,64

       

        1850 Census, Doddridge County, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Jul 24 1850:

        Eli M. Gaston, 27, farmer; Rulina, 24; Anna M, 2; Susanna, 7 months; all born in Virginia.

       

        1860 Census, Doddridge County, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Jul 10 1860:

        Eli Gaston, 37, farmer; Ralina Gaston, 35; A. M. Gaston (female), 12; D. H. Gaston (male), 8; J. M. Gaston (male), 6; N. J. Gaston (female), 4; Eli Gaston, 2; J. S. Gaston (male), 1.

       

        1870 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest Twp):

        Eli M. Gaston, 47, farmer; Rhulina, 44; Annie M, 22; Daniel H, 18; John M, 16; Eli, 12; Jesse S, 9; Hannah R, 7; David D, 4; Joseph C, 11 months.

       

        1880 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest Dist), enumerated in June 1880:

        Eli M. Gaston, 57, farmer; wife Rolina, 54; dau Anna M, 32; son Daniel H, 29; son Jesse S, 19; dau Hannah R, 16; son David D, 14; son Eli, 21; son's wife Cassa A, 22; son's dau Rulina M, 4 months (b. Jan).

       

        1900 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest Dist), enumerated on Jun 18 1900:

        Eli M. Gaston, 77, b. Aug 1822 in WV, father b. NJ, mother b. Va,  farmer; wife Rulina, 74, b. Aug 1825 in WV, both parents b. Va.; dau Anna M, 52, b. Oct 1847, single; son Jesse S, 39, b. Jun 1860, widowed, farmer; gr-dau Rulina M, 20, b. Jan 1880, single; gr-dau Minnie J, 5, b. Oct 1894; gr-dau Rulina C, 11, b. Apr 1889.

 

25.  Rulina A. Lowther, also known as Rulina Louthers,109 also known as Pauline Lowther,64 b. Aug-12-1825 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,105 [Family members give birth date as Aug 12 1826.  But Doddridge County Death Records give age at death on Sep 30 1911 at 86y 1m 18d, putting birth at Aug 12 1825.  Also, 1900 Census states her age as 74 and her birth date as Aug 1825.  The 1860 Census shows her age as 35, while the 1870 Census has it as 44.], d. Sep-30-1911 in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,[110],76,105 buried in Gaston Family Cemetery, Upper Run, Summers, Doddridge Co WV, census 1870, 80, 1900, 10 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV [In 1910, identified as Rulina A, mother, in household of her son Jesse Smith Gaston and his family.], census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.

       

        No information regarding the parents of Rulina Lowther has been found.  A copy of her obituary was located, but although it specified her birth as Aug 12 1825 in Harrison County, it made no mention of parents or siblings.  Harrison County in 1825 encompassed a much larger area than it does now, so her birthplace may actually have been in present-day Doddridge County, which was created in 1845 from parts of Harrison, Tyler, Ritchie and Lewis Counties.  A reference in one printing of her obituary to her and husband Eli having "20 children" was clearly a typographical error intended to be "10," as another printing stated that they had "ten children."

       

        It was once thought that her actual first name was Pauline, but that is now considered doubtful and was probably the result of a clerical error.  The original handwritten death record for her son John Morris Gaston on file at the WV State Archives identifies his mother as Rulina Lowther, while the corresponding typed death record for him on file in Harrison County identifies her as Pauline Lowther.  Since this was the only time that the name "Pauline" has been noted in original records, it was presumably a misreading by the typist of "Rulina" on the original handwritten document.  Similarly, the obituary of her son Eli Clark Gaston identified her as Rebecca Lowther, the only time that that name has been noted and is presumably a misprint intended to be Rulina.  With these two exceptions, all other references to her are as Rulina (misspelled Relina in her handwritten marriage record).  The only reference we have found of her middle initial was in the 1910 Census, which clearly identified her as Rulina A.

       

        Family information sheets completed by her son David Dow Gaston and grandson Ira Dow Gaston identified her as Rulina Lowther, born Aug 12 1825 in Harrison Co, died Sep 30 1911.  The space for the names of her parents was left blank on the form filled out by David, while Ira's stated that she was the daughter of "Unknown."

       

        The only photograph we have of Rulina Lowther was found among other family photographs.  Three of her grandchildren and one niece were named Rulina.

 

26.  John G. Hart, b. Nov-18-1813 in Maryland,105,[111] [Moved from Maryland to Harrison Co, (W)VA at age two, per grandson John W. Hart.], d. Feb-24-1895,[112] census 1870 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA, occupation farmer.84,66  He married Oct-22-1844 in Ritchie Co, WV,[113] [But headstone of wife states marriage date as Sep 22 1844.], Melinda Ann Nutter, also known as Melinda Anna Nutter,19 also known as Linda Nutter,[114]

       

        1850 Census, Doddridge County, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Jul 23 1850:

        John Hart, 34, b. Maryland, farmer; Malinda A. Hart, 23, b. Virginia; Andrew N. Hart, 2, b. Va.; Josiah Hart, 62, b. Md., shoemaker; Sarah Hart, 58, b. Md.

       

        1860 Census, Doddridge County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        J. G. Hart, 44, farmer; M. (female), 34; A. (male), 11; William, 8; Nancy, 7; Cassa, 5; E. (female), 1; Joseph, 75.

        (Note:  Birthplace for all incorrectly given as Virginia.)

       

        1870 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest District):

        John G. Hart, 54, b. Maryland, farmer; Malinda A, 44, b. Virginia; Nancy, 18; Cassa A, 15; Elizabeth, 13; Mary M, 11; John E, 9; Julet, 7; Sarah, 5.

 

27.  Melinda Ann Nutter, also known as Melinda Anna Nutter,19 also known as Linda Nutter,114 b. Apr- 9-1828 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,19,[115] [While her headstone shows a birth date of Apr 9 1828, researcher Don Norman states her birth as 1816, and grandson John Washington Hart, in a family information survey completed in 1931, reports it as Apr 9 1814.  But those two dates are considered unlikely given the birth of her last child in 1871.], d. Mar-24-1877 in Doddridge Co, WV,115 [Grandson John W. Hart, in a W. Guy Tetrick family information survey completed in 1931, reports her date of death as Mar 24 1872.], buried in Hart Cemetery, Taylor Drain Rd, Oxford, Doddridge Co WV,19 census 1870 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, WV.

 

28.  Isaac Husk, census name Isaac Hush,77 b. Jan-12-1818 in Greene Co, PA [Son George Washington Husk's death record identifies his father's birthplace as Pennsylvania, and daughter Martha's death record states father's birthplace as Greene Co, PA.  But 1850 Census of Greene Co, Pa. gives his birthplace as Virginia, while all other family members are shown as being born in Pennsylvania.  The 1900 Census of Doddridge County states his birth date as March 1819.], d. 1902 near Summers, Doddridge Co, WV,[116],44 buried in Hart Cemetery, Taylor Drain Rd, Oxford, Doddridge Co WV,19 resided near Summers, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1870, 1880, 1900 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1850 in Aleppo Twp, Greene Co, PA, military (Civil War) Pvt, Co H, 4th W.Va. Cav (Aug 1863 - Jun 1864) and Co C, 6th W.Va. Inf (1864 - Jun 1865).50,48,19  Partner Catherine Wright Evans.  He married (2) Elizabeth Jane Critchfield, also known as Jane Critchfield,19,[117],73,64

       

        1850 Census, Greene Co, PA (Aleppo Twp), enumerated on Oct 17 1850:

        Isaac Hush, 33, farmer, b. Virginia; Jane, 26, b. Pennsylvania; Samuel, 5, b. Pa; John E, 3, b. Pa; Absalom, 1, b. Pa.

       

        1870 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (South West Township), enumerated on Sep 1 1870:

        Isaac Husk, 50, farmer, b. Pennsylvania; Jane Husk, 45, housekeeper, b. Pa.; Absalom Husk, 20, farm laborer, b. Pa.; Elizabeth M. Husk, 16, b. Pa.; Isaac N. Husk, 14, b. Pa.; Samuel A. Husk, 12, b. Pa.; William L. Husk, 9, b. Virginia; George W. Husk, 6, b. West Virginia; Martha C. Husk, 4, b. W. Va.; Nancy V. Husk, 2, b. W. Va.; William Hart, 19, farm laborer, b. Virginia; Sarah J. Hart, 19, housekeeper, b. Pa.

       

        1880 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (Southwest District), enumerated on Jun 1 1880:

        Isac Husk, 60, b. Pa, both parents b. Pa, farmer; wife Jane, 55, b. Pa, both parents b. Pa; son Leonard, 18; son George W, 16; dau Martha C, 14; dau Nancy V, 12; granddaughter Rosa A. Hart, 1.

       

        In the 1900 Census of Doddridge County, Isaac Husk was listed in the household of son George and was described as 81, b. Mar 1819 in Pa, father b. in (blank), mother b. in Pa, widowed.

       

        The exact history of the original charcoal of the widely-distributed formal portrait of the elderly Isaac Husk has not been determined.  However, it is known that it was handed down to his grandson Walter "Shiner" Husk.  Per Shiner's instructions, upon his death in 1993, it was in turn passed down to Isaac's great-grandson Samuel D. Gaston.  Following Sam's death in 2012, it was handed down to his nephew and Isaac's g-g-grandson, Renee L. Brown, with whom Sam had collaborated on this genealogy for so many years.

       

 

29.  Elizabeth Jane Critchfield, also known as Jane Critchfield,19,117,73,64 b. Mar-17-1825 in Greene Co, PA,19,[118] d. Feb-17-1890 in Doddridge Co, WV,19 buried in Hart Cemetery, Taylor Drain Rd, Oxford, Doddridge Co WV,[119] census 1870, 1880 in Southwest District, Doddridge Co, WV.

       

        Some question exists as to her correct first name.  Although widely believed to have been Sarah, evidence seems more to indicate Elizabeth.  In either event, she was known almost exclusively only by her middle name, Jane.  Her name was given as Jane in the 1870 Census, and even her headstone identifies her only as "Jane, wife of Isaac Husk."  The death record of Isaac Newton Husk incorrectly lists his parents as Isaac Husk and Jane Whetlatch [sic], confusing his mother with his grandmother, Sarah Whitlatch.

 

30.  Samuel A. McNemar, b. Dec-30-1830 in Hardy Co, (W)VA,19,[120] d. Feb-19-1916 in Ritchie Co, WV,[121],19 buried in Oil Ridge (aka Fairview) Church Cemetery, Co Rd 26, Ritchie Co, WV,19,[122] resided in Cairo, Ritchie Co, WV,114 census 1880 in McClellan District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA, census 1850 in Hardy Co, (W)VA, occupation farmer, blacksmith,[123],[124] military Pvt, Co E, 12 WVa Inf, Civil War.50

       

        There has been much confusion over the birth date of Samuel A. McNemar.  His headstone reads Dec 30 1830.  A delayed birth record for son Joseph, submitted by daughter Margaret Martin on Feb 24 1953, gives Samuel's age at Joseph's Nov 1878 birth as 48, making Samuel's birth Dec 1829.  Samuel's age at death of 87y1m19d reported by the doctor puts his birth at Dec 31 1828, while age at death of 89 reported by the undertaker puts it in about 1826/27.  Age 21 given at marriage puts birth about 1837, while age 26 in 1860 Census makes it about 1834.

       

        He married Aug- 3-1858 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA,[125] Basheba Belle Vincent,

       

        1860 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        S. A. McNemar (male), age 26, farmer; B. McNemar (female), 19; J. A. McNemar (male), 1; and M. C. Vincent (female), 8.

        (Note:  The young male would be son James Sanford McNemar, the middle initial being in error.  The identity of the young female is not clear, but could be Basheba's younger sister Mary Catherine, despite the variance in age.)

       

        1880 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (McClellan District), enumerated in June 1880:

        Samuel McNemar, 49, farmer; wife Bashaba, 38; son James S, 20; dau Mary J, 18; dau Leetha A, 17; dau Luvina C, 16; dau Sarah R, 12; dau Virginia E, 8; dau Margaret E, 6; son Joseph A, 1.

       

 

31.  Basheba Belle Vincent, b. Jul-20-1839 in Marion Co, VA,[126] d. Mar-12-1923 in Harrison Co, WV,[127] buried in Oil Ridge (aka Fairview) Church Cemetery, Co Rd 26, Ritchie Co, WV,[128],[129] census 1880 in McClellan District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA, census 1850 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.

       

        Basheba's first name appears variously as Bashabee, Basheba (1850 Census), Barsheba (marriage record), Basheber (death record), Bashabel (son Joseph's birth record), and Bashie (headstone and son James' death record).

 

3rd Great-Grandparents

 

32.  Rufus Brown, b. Aug- 5-1771 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,[130] d. Jul- 6-1838 in Otsego Co, NY,80,[131] buried in Lull Cemetery, Otsego Co, NY,[132] resided settled aft May 1813 in Otsego Co, NY.[133]

       

        Rufus Brown left no will.  The only record found of his death is his headstone, the weathered inscription on which is reported by Findagrave.com as "In memory of RUFUS BROWN, who died July 6th 1832, aged 66 years."  But there appears to be an error in the transcription of the badly worn marker.  Given his documented Aug 1771 birth date, it is almost certain that either his age was other than 66, or that his death date was other than 1832, probably the latter.  If his age was in fact 66, his death date was probably 1838, or possibly 1839.  Support for this conclusion, as well as a record of his children's names, is found in Grantor Record Book 65, p. 413, Cooperstown NY, dated Feb 29 1840, in which the children of Rufus Brown signed a Conveyance-Indenture transferring ownership of his property to them.  This was presumably done as part of the settlement of Rufus' estate.  Thus, it is likely that Rufus had died sometime within the previous year or so, and that his wife had predeceased him.  His death was probably in Otsego County, his last known residence.

       

        He married26 May-16-1797 in Brooklyn, Windham Co, CT,[134],[135] Mary Williams,

       

        Based on locations and ages, the following census records appear to pertain to the family of this Rufus Brown.

       

        1810 Census, Brooklyn, Windham County, Connecticut:

        Household of Rufus Brown:

        1 male age 26-44

        1 male age 10-15

        3 males under age 10

        1 female age 26-44

        1 female age 45 or older

       

        No entry for this Rufus Brown was found in the 1820 Census.  There is a Rufus Brown and his family listed in that census in the town of Thompson in Windham County, but that was found through probate records to be a different Rufus Brown, who died in 1825 and whose wife was Huldah.

       

        1830 Census, Pittsfield, Otsego Co, New York:

        Household of Rufus Brown:

        1 male age 50-60

        1 male age 20-30

        1 female age 50-60

        1 female age 15-20

       

33.  Mary Williams, b. May-  -1771 in Groton, New London Co, CT,80 [Birth date given in DAR Lineage Book as 1770.  But age 66 yr 8 mo on headstone calculates to a birth date of May 1771.], d. Jan-12-1838 in Otsego Co, NY,80 buried in Lull Cemetery, Otsego Co, NY,132 [Inscription:  In Memory of Mrs. MARY, wife of Mr. RUFUS BROWN, who died January 12th, 1838, aged 66 years and 8 months.  Further inscription:  "Beloved by all her acquaintance and affectionate. Wife kind and tender mother discharging all the duties of life as become a woman of a christian supported by grace smiled In the C...... illegible....."  (Transcription and headstone photo by Bob Thomas, Findagrave.com volunteer.)].

       

        Most of the information regarding Mary Williams and her immediate ancestors is from records of the DAR.

       

        Some researchers have reported that she was born Jun 30 1771 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, Massachusetts, died 1838; daughter of William Williams (son of William Williams & Sarah Stevens) and Martha Williams (dau of Samuel Williams & Theoda Parke).  This information has not been verified and is provided here only as a basis for further research.

 

42.  David B. Musgrave, b. May-12-1785 in Paw Paw District, Monongalia Co, (W)VA,[136] d. Nov- 1-1865,136 buried in Musgrave Cemetery, Everettsville, Monongalia Co, WV,[137] census 1860 in Arnettsville (Morgantown), Monongalia Co, WV, occupation farmer.[138] 

 

        He married (1) Nov-10-1808 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,[139] Mary E. "Polly" Jones.

 

        He married (2) Aug- 5-1838,136 Barbary Chick, census name Barbara,138 b. May-16-1802,136 d. Apr- 6-1885,136 census 1860 in Arnettsville (Morgantown), Monongalia Co, WV.  Thought to be one-half Cherokee Indian.136

 

43.  Mary E. "Polly" Jones, b. Feb-19-1792,136 d. 1836.136

 

44.  Jacob Watson, b. ca 1787 in Virginia,81 census 1850 in Barbour Co, (W)VA, census 1840 in Harrison Co, (W)VA, resided aft 1812 in Harrison Co, VA (now Barbour Co, WV),95 resided until about 1812 in Marion Co, (W)VA,95 occupation farmer.81

 

        He married95 (1) Jan- 9-1812,[140] Elizabeth Gandy, b. Mar-27-1787,140 d. 1813 in Barbour Co, (W)VA,140 resided (moved, ca 1812) to Barbour Co, (W)VA,[141] resided originally in Marion Co, (W)VA.141

 

        He married95 (2) Oct-15-1816 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,[142] Sarah Pritchard,

       

        1850 Census, Barbour County, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Sep 18 1850:

        Jacob Watson, 63, farmer; Sarah, 57; Angeline, 24; Jane, 22; Wilson, 20; Emily, 18; John, 15.  All born in Virginia.

 

45.  Sarah Pritchard, b. ca 1797 in Allegheny Co, PA,140,32 [but 1850 Census puts birth at about 1793 in Virginia], resided in Auburn, Ritchie Co, WV,[143] census 1860 in Ritchie Co, (W)VA,32 [Residing with son John.  Marital status not indicated, but husband Jacob is not found in this or any subsequent census.], census 1850 in Barbour Co, (W)VA.

 

46.  Andrew Nutter, also known as Anda Nutter,[144] b. ca 1791 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,104 [Don Norman gives birth as about 1791 in Harrison County, and age 59 in 1850 Census would also put it in about 1791.  But Hardesty states that Andrew Nutter died in 1855 at the age of 61, which would make the birth year about 1794.], d. 1855,104,[145] resided in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,[146],[147] occupation farmer.147

       

        Resident of Harrison County, and later Ritchie & Doddridge Counties, in present-day West Virginia.  He served in the War of 1812 in Captain Davis's company, attached to the First Regiment, First Battalion, and First Brigade of the Virginia Militia, participated in the engagement of Fort Defiance on the Maumee River, and was discharged at Delaware, Ohio on April 4, 1813.104,[148]

       

        He married Jan-20-1814 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,104 Malinda Willis,

       

        1850 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Jul 24 1850:

        Andrew Nutter, age 59, born in Virginia, occupation farmer; Malinda Nutter, 59, b. Virginia; Sarah Nutter, 17, b. Virginia; Elizabeth Nutter, 13, b. Virginia; Julia Warren, 25, b. Virginia; Willis N. Warren, 3, b. Ohio; Elizabeth Nutter, 93, b. South Carolina.  All four of the adults in the household were indicated as being unable to read and write.

        (Note:  The surname for Willis Warren was originally entered as "Nutter," which was lined out and replaced with a ditto mark under "Warren" of the preceding line.  The surname for Elizabeth, whose entry followed Willis's, was entered simply with a ditto mark directly under the lined out "Nutter," giving the appearance of indicating Nutter as her surname rather than Warren.  This was presumably Andrews's mother, Elizabeth Cottrell Nutter.)

 

47.  Malinda Willis, b. ca 1798,104,145 d. 1861,104,145 census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.147,84

 

48.  Hugh Gaston, also known as Hughy Gaston, b. Jun- 5-1788 in New Jersey,[149] [Birth date calculated from age at death, 100y 1m 21d, stated in death record.  This varies by one day from the age stated in his obituary, 100y 1m 20d.], d. Jul-26-1888 in Lewis Co, WV,[150] buried in Gaston-Henry-Queen Cemetery, Sassafras Run, Camden, Lewis Co, WV,19 census 1870, 1880 in Lewis Co, WV, census 1840, 50, 60 in Lewis Co, (W)VA, census 1830 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.

       

        Death notice in the "Republican" newspaper of Saturday, July 28 1888:

        "HUGHY GASTON  One of our centenarians, aged 100 years, 1 month and 20 days, died at 7 p.m. Wednesday at the residence of his son-in-law, John S. Butcher.  By request he was interred on his farm."

       

        1830 Census, Harrison County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Household of Hugh Gaston:

        1 male, age 40-50  (this would be Hugh)

        1 male, age 15-20  (probably Daniel)

        1 male, age 10-15  (probably Eli)

        1 male, age 5-10

        1 female, age 40-50  (this would be Susannah)

        1 female, age 15-20  (probably Anna)

       

        1840 Census, Lewis County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Household of Hugh Gasting (sic):

        1 male, age 50-60

        1 female, age 30-40

        1 female, age 10-15

        1 female, under age 5

       

        1850 Census, Lewis County, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Oct 3 1850:

        Hugh Gaston, 62, farmer, b. New Jersey; Elizabeth Gaston, 48, b. Virginia; Henry H. Gaston, 9, b. Virginia; Credilla Gaston, 11, b. Virginia; Amanda Washburn, 24, b. Virginia.

       

        1860 Census, Lewis County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Hugh Gaston, 72, farmer, b. New Jersey; Elizabeth Gaston, 58, b. Virginia; Henry H. Gaston, 18, b. Virginia; Amanda S. Washburn, 34, b. Virginia; Marion H. Gaston, 8.

       

        1870 Census, Lewis County, WV:

        Hugh Gaston, 81, farmer, b. New Jersey; Elizabeth Gaston, 67, b. Virginia; Marion Gaston, 17, farm laborer, b. Virginia; Amanda Washburn, 43, b. Ohio, cannot write.

       

        1880 Census, Lewis County, WV (Freeman's Creek), enumerated on Jun 2 1880:

        Hugh Gaston, 91, farmer, b. New Jersey, both parents b. New Jersey; wife Elizabeth Gaston, 77, b. Virginia, both parents b. Virginia; step-daughter A. Washburn, 53, b. Ohio, both parents b. Virginia.

       

        He married (1) Dec-7-1811 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,[151] Susana Jett.

       

        He married (2) Jun-1-1848 in Lewis Co, WV,[152] Elizabeth King, b. 1801,44,[153] [Although her death record gives her birth place as Kentucky, the censuses of 1860, 1870 and 1880 all show it as Virginia.], d. Sep-16-1885 in Lewis Co, WV,[154] buried in Gaston-Henry-Queen Cemetery, Sassafras Run, Camden, Lewis Co, WV,19 census 1860, 70, 80 in Lewis Co, (W)VA,[155],[156],[157] resided 1835 in Ross Co, OH,

       

        Elizabeth King's first husband was Isaac Washburn, who she married in Kentucky in about 1819.  In the 1880 Census of Lewis County, the household of Elizabeth and second husband Hugh Gaston includes Elizabeth's daughter Amanda Washburn.  Amanda is also buried in the Gaston-Henry cemetery, sharing a common headstone with her mother and stepfather.  Her name appears on the headstone as Amanda S. Washburn, dates 1825-1901.[158]

 

49.  Susana Jett, b. btwn 1780 - 1790,[159] d. May- 1-184_,105 census 1830 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.

       

        No record of the parentage or other information of Susana Jett has been found.

       

        In Book 2, p. 388, of Harrison County Marriage Bonds is a record of a bond of $150 being paid by Hugh Gaston and James Coberly (spelling may be Cubberly) in connection with the marriage of Hugh Gaston and "Susana Jett of full age."  It is unknown what relationship existed between James Coberly and Susana Jett; we have found only that a James Coberly (b. 1779) and wife Letitia "Tisha" Jett (b. 1783) were residents of Harrison/Gilmer Co in that time period.

       

        A W. Guy Tetrick family information survey completed by great-grandson Ira Dow Gaston in 1931stated that his grandparents were Hugh Gaston, born 1788, died July 5 1888, and Susana Jett, born "unknown," daughter of "unknown," they were married in 1811, and she died May 1 1849.  The reported death date is considered suspect,, since husband Hugh Gaston is known to have remarried on June 1 1848.

 

52.  Josiar Hart, also known as Josiah Hart,147 also known as Josias Hart,[160] b. 1788 in Baltimore, MD,147 d. May-17-1867,19 buried in Hart Cemetery, Taylor Drain Rd, Oxford, Doddridge Co WV,19 [Hand-carved inscription on the fieldstone marker reads:  "Josiar Hart, the Pap of John G. Hart, died in the yeare of our Lord 1867 May the 17"], census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA [In household of son John.], census 1840 in Harrison Co, (W)VA, census 1830 in Baltimore County, MD, occupation shoemaker.147  He married Dec-22-1814 in Baltimore, MD,[161] Sarah Garrett, also known as Sara Garrett.19

 

53.  Sarah Garrett, also known as Sara Garrett,19 b. ca 1792 in Maryland,147 d. Apr- 3-1858,[162] buried in Hart Cemetery, Taylor Drain Rd, Oxford, Doddridge Co WV,19 [From a photograph, the hand-carved inscription on the fieldstone marker reads:  "Garrett, Sarah Hart, the wife of Josiar Hart, died in the yeare of our Lord 1850 April 3."  Subsequent to the taking of that photo, the lower portion of the fieldstone, containing the date, has deteriorated and no longer exists.], census 1850 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.

 

54.  Andrew Nutter, (see same person above in generation 6) also known as Anda Nutter,144 b. ca 1791 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,104 [Don Norman gives birth as about 1791 in Harrison County, and age 59 in 1850 Census would also put it in about 1791.  But Hardesty states that Andrew Nutter died in 1855 at the age of 61, which would make the birth year about 1794.], d. 1855,104,145 resided in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,146,147 occupation farmer.147  He married Jan-20-1814 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,104 Malinda Willis,

       

        1850 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Jul 24 1850:

        Andrew Nutter, age 59, born in Virginia, occupation farmer; Malinda Nutter, 59, b. Virginia; Sarah Nutter, 17, b. Virginia; Elizabeth Nutter, 13, b. Virginia; Julia Warren, 25, b. Virginia; Willis N. Warren, 3, b. Ohio; Elizabeth Nutter, 93, b. South Carolina.  All four of the adults in the household were indicated as being unable to read and write.

        (Note:  The surname for Willis Warren was originally entered as "Nutter," which was lined out and replaced with a ditto mark under "Warren" of the preceding line.  The surname for Elizabeth, whose entry followed Willis's, was entered simply with a ditto mark directly under the lined out "Nutter," giving the appearance of indicating Nutter as her surname rather than Warren.  This was presumably Andrews's mother, Elizabeth Cottrell Nutter.)

 

55.  Malinda Willis, (see same person above in generation 6) b. ca 1798,104,145 d. 1861,104,145 census 1850, 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.147,84

 

56.  Samuel Husk, b. 17__ in Virginia,[163] d. bef 1830.[164],117  He married Elizabeth ___,

       

        Samuel Husk predeceased his father, Frederick, who had died prior to June 1848.  Since Elizabeth appeared in the 1830 Census as the head of family, we must assume that Samuel had already died by then.

       

        1830 Census, Western District of Monongalia County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Household of Elizabeth Husk:

        1 female, age 60-69  (is this Elizabeth's mother or mother-in-law ?)

        1 female, 40-49  (this would be Elizabeth herself)

        2 females, 5-9  (daughters Mary & Elizabeth)

        1 female, under 5  (daughter Sarah)

        1 male, 15-19  (son Frederick)

        2 males, 10-14  (son Isaac, and another son ?)

        1 male, 5-9  (son Samuel)

       

        1840 Census, Western District of Monongalia County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Household of Elizabeth Husk:

        1 female age 50-60  (this would be Elizabeth herself)

        1 female, 20-30  (dau Mary)

        1 female, 15-20  (dau Elizabeth)

        1 female, 10-15  (dau Sarah)

        1 male, 20-30  (son Frederick)

        2 males, 15-20  (son Samuel, and another son ?)

        (Note:  If ages are correct, son Isaac is not accounted for in this census.)

       

        The next-listed household is for Harvey Husk, with the following members:

        1 male, age 20-30

        3 males, under 5

        1 female, 20-30

        1 female, under 5

       

        We have not been able to determine how this Harvey Husk fits in with the other Husks of this genealogy.  Could he be the "other son" in the 1830 Census? 

 

57.  Elizabeth ___, b. ca 1785 in Pennsylvania, d. aft Jun 1846,117 census 1830, 1840 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA.

 

58.  John Critchfield, Sr., also known as John Crihfield, Sr.,43 b. Jan-24-1786 in New Jersey,[165],[166] d. Dec-15-1865 in Trapp Run, Doddridge Co, WV,[167],[168],165. He married[169],68,[170] [Marriage thought to be ca 1818 in Greene Co, PA.  [Fred Spuhler]], Sarah Whitlatch, also known as Sarah Whitlash.118

 

59.  Sarah Whitlatch, also known as Sarah Whitlash,118 b. 1798 in Greene Co, PA,165,166 d. Jun-27-1849.165,166

 

60.  Philip McNamara, also known as Philip McNemar,[171] b. ca 1807,77 d. Feb-  -1860 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,171 census 1830, 1850 in Hardy Co, (W)VA, occupation farmer.77  He married[172] Mary Ann ___,

       

        The 1830 Census of Hardy County lists in the household of Philip McNemar one male under the age of 5, one male between 20 and 30, and one female between 20 and 30.  The adult male was probably Philip himself, although the form was intended to enumerate only the non-named persons in the household.

       

        1850 Census, Hardy Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated in Sep 1850:

        Philip McNemar, 43, farmer; Mary Ann, 40; Samuel A, 19, laborer; James S, 18, laborer; Ann R, 16; John W, 15; William B, 14; Beckwith A, 10; David C, 5; Sarah E, 4; Lydia M, 2; Susan C, one month.

       

        1860 Census, Harrison Co, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Mary A. McNemar, 49; Beckwith A, 21; David C, 16; Sarah E, 14; Lydia M, 11; Susan C, 10; Eliza J, 7.

        In the next household was Mary's daughter Ann and her family:

        Abraham Davis, 25, farmer; Ann R, 25; Susan, 1; Isaac, 6 months.

 

61.  Mary Ann ___, b. ca 1810,172 census 1860 in Harrison Co, (W)VA, census 1850 in Hardy Co, (W)VA.

 

62.  Joseph Isaac (twin) Vincent, b. Mar- 6-1814 in Benton's Ferry, Monongalia (now Marion) Co, (W)VA,[173] d. Apr-29-1888,[174] buried in Rockford Methodist Cemetery, Lost Creek, Harrison Co, WV,132 census 1880 in New Milton District, Doddridge Co, WV, census 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA, census 1850 in Harrison Co, (W)VA, occupation weaver, farmer & preacher.[175]

       

        1860 Census, Doddridge County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Joseph Vincent (male, 47, farmer), Mary (female, 34), S. M. (female, 15), G. F. (female, 14), G. A. (female, 10), M. (female, 7), Samuel (male, 13), J. (male, 10), B. (female, 7), and Abram (male, 5).

       

        We were unable to find an 1870 Census for this family.  Children Rebecca (the age-7 female "B" above) and Abraham were listed in the household of Samuel & Martha (Langfitt) McMillan in Grant Township of Doddridge County.

       

        1880 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (New Milton District), enumerated on Jun 21 1880:

        Joseph J. Vincent, 66, farmer; wife Lida, 42; son Benjamin, 15; dau Ellen, 14; son James, 11; dau Jemima, 9; dau Surepta, 7; son Rezin, 5; son Joseph F, 2; son Lewis H., 11 months (born in May).

       

        He married (1) Apr- 7-1833 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,[176] Sarah Shingleton.

       

        He married (2) Nov-14-1856 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA,[177] Mary Ann Brien, also known as Mary Ann Bryan,123 b. ca 1825 in Augusta Co, VA,[178],84 d. bef Dec 1863,[179] census 1860 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.  He married (3) Dec-31-1863 in Doddridge Co, WV,[180],[181] Lida Arthelia Pinell, also known as Artilla Pinnell,123 b. ca 1837 in Tyler Co, (W)VA.[182]

 

63.  Sarah Shingleton, b. ca 1817 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,[183] d. bef Nov 1856,[184] census 1850 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.

 

4th Great-Grandparents

 

64.  Benjamin Brown, b. Apr-  -1732/33 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,[185] d. abt Jan 1792 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,[186],[187],185 military Patriotic Service in Revolutionary War in Connecticut.[188]

       

        Many researchers report that this Benjamin Brown (father of Rufus and 16 others) was born on Sep 1 1713 in Canterbury, Windham County, Connecticut, a son of Deacon Thomas  Brown and Rachel Leavens, and died on Nov 17 1773.  But we have not found original documentation for this, and it is contradicted by (1) the birth of four of Benjamin's children after 1773, (2) Benjamin Brown's entry in the DAR Patriot Index, (3) Benjamin Brown's will (a copy of which is in our possession) dated 1791 and proved in 1792, (4) the estate of Abigail Cleveland Brown Adams, administered in 1782, which mentions her "eldest son Benjamin Brown," and (5) the will of Josiah Cleaveland identifying Benjamin Brown as his grandson.

       

        The entry for Benjamin Brown, Patriot Ancestor #A015287, in the DAR Patriot Index reads as follows:

        Benjamin Brown, born about 1734 in England, died 1792 in Connecticut, married Hannah Benjamin, Patriotic Service in Connecticut.

       

        The England birthplace indicated by the DAR is inconsistent with all other references to this Benjamin Brown and is considered suspect.  Correspondence with the DAR revealed no basis for assigning the England birthplace, which was apparently the result of conjecture on the part of a DAR applicant.  This appears to be the same Benjamin Brown mentioned in "The Benjamin Family in America," p. 113, wherein the husband of Hannah Benjamin is identified as Benjamin Brown (son of Benjamin Brown and Abigail Cleveland), born ca Apr 1732/33 at Canterbury, died Jan 1 1792 at Canterbury.  Benjamin Brown was living in the house of his maternal grandfather, Josiah Cleveland, at the time of the latter's death.  In 1751 Benjamin was called "the minor son of Mrs. Abigail Adams" and in her will was called "eldest son."  (Abigail Cleveland Brown had remarried John Adams sometime prior to Nov 1741, birth date of their first child.)  This would also be the same Benjamin Brown identified as a grandson in Josiah Cleaveland's will, extracts from which are found in "The Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families," pp. 81-82.

       

        Adding to the confusion, there is a birth record for another Benjamin Brown, born May 30 1734 in Stonington, Connecticut, son of John Brown.  This appears not to be the Benjamin Brown of interest.  Based mainly on the birth records of other children, it is likely that there were two or more Benjamin Browns who were married to different Hannahs in that location and time frame.

       

        All things considered, it appears certain that the Benjamin and Hannah of interest to us here were married in Canterbury on Feb 25 1755.  Further confirmation is found in Connecticut probate records, which show that the will of Benjamin Brown, husband of Hannah and father of Rufus and others known to be in this family, was dated Nov 28 1791 and proved on Feb 7 1792 in Canterbury, Plainfield District, Windham County.

       

        Having thus established the parents of this Benjamin Brown as Benjamin Brown and Abigail Cleveland, we must wonder whether the aforementioned Deacon Thomas Brown and Rachel Leavens might actually be his grandparents.  Further investigation will be necessary to prove or disprove that possibility.185,[189],[190]

       

        He married187 Feb-25-1755 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,185,[191] [at Canterbury Congregational Church], Hannah Benjamin.

 

65.  Hannah Benjamin, b. May-22-1737 in Preston, New London Co, CT,185 d.185 [Possibly in Brookfield, Vermont.].

 

        She married187 (1) Feb-25-1755 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,185,191 [at Canterbury Congregational Church], Benjamin Brown.

       

        She married (2) Jun-30-1793,185 Benjamin Abbott.

 

66.  William Williams.  He married80 Martha Williams.

 

67.  Martha Williams.

 

84.  Elijah Musgrave, b. ca 1750,136 d. ca 1854 in Grant District, Monongalia Co, WV,136 buried in Musgrave Cemetery, Everettsville, Monongalia Co, WV.136

       

        According to a Wilmington monthly Quaker meeting, on July 16, 1777, Elijah Musgrave was disowned by the Quaker society:  "Hath so far erred as to remove to a distant part without taking the advice of friends and without a certificate, and accomplished his marriage before a magistrate to his first cousin."  From this it can be concluded that the maiden name of his wife Basheba was probably also Musgrave, but there is no indication in those records as to exactly who her father was.136

       

        He married136 ca 1767,[192] Basheba Musgrave, also known as Baasha Musgrave.19,192

 

85.  Basheba Musgrave, also known as Baasha Musgrave,19,192 b. ca 1750,136,192 d. ca 1852 in Grant District, Monongalia Co, WV,136 buried in Musgrave Cemetery, Everettsville, Monongalia Co, WV.136

 

86.  Joshua Jones.  He married136 Unknown.

 

87.  Unknown.

 

88.  William Watson, b. 1745 near Hagerstown, Washington Co, MD,140 resided (settled, 1790) near Masontown, Preston Co, (W)VA,[193] d. May-  -1809 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA.140

       

        "In 1790, William Watson came from Eastern Virginia and settled near what is now known as Masontown, Preston County, having patented 300 acres of land.  His wife was Elizabeth Patton.  His children were:  John, David, Jacob, Nancy, Mary, Jane and William.  William was a soldier in the War of 1812."193.

       

        He married140,193 Elizabeth Jane Patton.

 

89.  Elizabeth Jane Patton, b. 1747,140 d. 1832.140

 

90.  Thomas Pritchard, Jr., b. Jan- 9-1768 in Leesburg, Loudoun Co, VA,[194],[195],122 d. Dec-24-1846 in Oxford, Doddridge Co, WV,195,122 buried in Oxford Baptist Church Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV,19,[196] [Emily Pritchard Cary (p. 82) reports his burial in "White Oak Cemetery, Oxford," while "Ritchie County WV Cemeteries," p. 631, reports his as the only burial at Pritchard Cemetery, described as "Incomplete.  Near Oxford; Exact Location Unknown.  See MKL - p. 40."], resided ca 1832 (settled) in Ritchie Co, (W)VA,195 census 1810 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,[197] resided 1809 (moved) to Monongalia Co, (W)VA,[198] census 1800 in Allegany Co, MD,[199] occupation miller (saw and grist).195

       

        Thomas Pritchard's ancestors came from England and settled at Jamestown in about 1610.  His brother, John Pritchard, saw three years of service as a soldier in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.  In about 1832, Thomas Pritchard came from The Glades in Preston County and built the first mill on the South Fork of Hughes River, below Oxford, making the first settlement in that area.  A certain Henry O. Middleton had given him one hundred acres of land in that wilderness as inducement to settle and to erect a saw and grist mill.196

       

        He married194,196 (1) Jan- 9-1796 in Allegany Co, MD,195,[200] Nancy Tichenell.

       

        He married (2) Oct-25-1812 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,194 Mary Moody, b. 1785 in Cumberland Co, PA,198 d. May-31-1867 in Doddridge Co, WV,76,198 buried in Oxford Baptist Church Cemetery, Doddridge Co, WV,196,195 census 1860 in Ritchie Co, (W)VA,[201] census 1850 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA,

       

        1850 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia):

        Samuel G. Pritchet, 28, b. Va, farmer; Mary, 75, b. Pa; Rachel, 26, b. Va; Emily, 23, b. Va.

 

91.  Nancy Tichenell, b. ca 1767 in Morris Co, NJ,[202] d. bef Oct 1812 at the Glades, near Rohr, Preston Co, WV,199,196 buried at the Glades, near Rohr, Preston Co, WV.196,195

       

        "Nancy Tichenell, first wife of Thomas Pritchard Jr., was descended from a prominent New Jersey family, most of whom retained the original spelling of Tichenor.  Beginning with Nancy's father Moses, a Revolutionary War soldier, the spelling went awry, and his descendants used a variety of forms, most ending with 'L'."

        Nancy Tichenell (Titchenell, Tichnell, Tichenal) died before Oct 25 1812 (the date of husband Thomas Pritchard's remarriage to Mary Moody) in what is now Preston Co, WV.  Nancy and Thomas had seven or eight children.  Some genealogists believe that his daughter Mary was actually the daughter of Mary Moody.  Because his daughter Elizabeth was born Feb 20 1812, it is quite likely that Nancy died at the time of that birth, a common event in pioneer families.  Mary's given name is another clue.

        "Two weeks after their marriage in Allegany County, Maryland, Thomas became the guardian of Nancy's younger siblings, Stephen Tickenal (sic), Margaret Tickenal, and Jain (Jane) Tichenal, orphan children of Moses Tickenal, all of that county."[203]

 

92.  John Nutter, b. ca 1765 in Sussex Co, DE,104,[204] d. Jan-  -1808 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.104,204

       

        John Nutter (1765-1808) moved with his parents to Fayette Co, PA in 1769, and to Harrison Co, VA (WV) in 1772.  In 1772 he lived at Nutter's Fort, which his father Thomas Nutter was instrumental in building.  John's will was either written or probated on Feb 22, 1808 in Harrison Co.  Among other property, he left 200 acres of land in Ohio, suggesting that he had visited there at one time or another.104

       

        He married Oct- 2-1786 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,104,204 Elizabeth Cottrell.

 

93.  Elizabeth Cottrell, b. ca 1757 in South Carolina,147 census 1850 in Doddridge Co, (W)VA.

 

94.  William Thomas Willis,195 b. 1769 in Ireland,[205],[206] d. 1823 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,205 resided in Harrison Co, (W)VA.148  He married104,195 Nov-19-1794 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,[207] Nancy Ann Douglass, also known as Anna Douglass,[208],[209],122 also known as Annie.65

 

95.  Nancy Ann Douglass, also known as Anna Douglass,208,209,122 also known as Annie,65 b. 1779 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,205,148 d. aft 1840 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.205

 

96.  John Gaston, Jr., b. Sep-16-1752 in Monmouth Co, NJ,[210] baptized Jan-20-1754 in Old Tennent Church, Monmouth Co, NJ,[211],[212] d. Apr- 6-1829 in Harrison Co, (W)VA,19 buried in Sinclair Cemetery, Upper Duck Crk Rd, Harrison Co, WV,[213] occupation farmer, blacksmith,[214] military Revolutionary War.

       

        John Gaston, Jr. and his wife, Anna Davisson, came to Duck Creek, Harrison County, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1796.  Anna's sister Elizabeth and her husband, Watters Smith, also came to Duck Creek at the same time and bought land there.  John Gaston, Jr. served in the Revolutionary War in Capt. John Covenhoven's (aka Jon Cowenhoven) Company, Col. Samuel Forman's 2nd Regiment, of the Monmouth County NJ Militia.  New Jersey Department of Defense records show him as a Sergeant as of Jul-1-1780.

       

        He married 1785 [probably Monmouth Co, NJ], Anna Davisson.

 

97.  Anna Davisson, b. Feb-20-1765 in Tennent, Monmouth Co, NJ,34,204 d. Aug- 8-1854 in Duck Creek, Harrison Co, WV,[215] buried in Sinclair Cemetery, Upper Duck Crk Rd, Harrison Co, WV,19 [Headstone reads:  Anna, wife of John Gaston Sr., died Aug 8 1854, aged 89y 5m 17d.].

       

        Anna Davisson was known also as Ann and Anne, and also as Davison.  The newer spelling has two "ss" and seems to have been adopted by the clerk of the court in Harrison County.

 

104.  William Hart, also known as William L. Hart,[216] b. Sep-  -1747 in England,145,[217] d. 1822 in Baltimore County, MD,217,145 immigrated 1774 to Maryland.  He married145,217 in Baltimore, MD,216 Mary Currier, also known as Mary Courier.216

 

105.  Mary Currier, also known as Mary Courier,216 b. Feb- 4-1770 in Baltimore, MD,210,216 d. May-12-1849 in Wetzel Co, (W)VA,19,216 buried in Cherry Grove (aka Steele) Cem, Rt 7, near Childs, Wetzel Co, WV,19 resided (settled, 1828) in Tyler Co, (W)VA.

 

106.  John Garrett, b. ca 1751-54,[218] d. 1814.[219],218

         

          John Garrett is found in the 1783 Maryland tax assessment in Caroline County, MD, owning property called "Garrett's Point" in the Upper Choptank area.  An Isaac Merrick owned most of the property called "Garrett's Point," but the exact connection between the two men is unknown.  John Garrett married Elizabeth Howard in that year, and the family moved to Baltimore County, MD by the turn of the century.165

         

          He married219 1783,218,165 Elizabeth Howard.

 

107.  Elizabeth Howard, b. ca 1767,218 d. aft Jul 1830.219

 

112.  Frederick Husk, b. 17__, d. bef Jun 1848.

         

          "Frederick Husk (or Hust) apparently settled near the mouth of Dolls Run [in what is now the north central part of West Virginia].  In some old deeds, that stream is called Hust's Run, but the family long ago passed out of the community, and even the name applied to the stream did not stick.  The last property passed out of the hands of the family on June 6, 1846, when Elizabeth Husk, widow of Samuel Husk, and the other heirs, Frederick Husk and Nancy his wife, Isaac Husk and Jane his wife, George Britton and Mary his wife, Samuel Husk and Dorcas his wife, Horatio Britton and Elizabeth his wife, transferred 100 acres to Solomon Bowers."  ["Chronicles of Core," 3rd Edition, by Earl L. Core, McClain Printing Company, Parsons, WV, 1975, p. 35]

         

          A handwritten copy of a land grant, which is to Frederick Husk, October 9, 1781:

          "The Commissioners for Adjusting the Claims to Unpatented Lands and the Corporation of Monongalia, Yohagania of Ohio:

          We hereby certify that Frederick Husk is entitled to two hundred acres of land in Monongalia County on Dunkards' Creek adjoining lands claimed by Michal Core to include is improvements made in the year 1770.

                     Given under our hands  this 6th day of March in the 6th Year of the Commonwealth.

                               John Evans   James Neal   Charles Martin   William Haymond   Simon Troy

                               This certificate cannot be entered with the surveyor after the 26th day of October 1791.

                               Attested: John Hayle.  Entered 9 October 1781."

          [The Monongalia Story, Vol I, by Earl L. Core, McClain Printing Co, pp. 57, 159]

         

          On Mar 14 1796, Frederick Husk was a member of the jury of inquest (the first meeting of the court after the records were burned that year).  [The Monongalia Story, Vol. II, p. 256]

         

          This is a genealogy of the descendants of this Frederick Husk (or Hust, or Hurst), with particular emphasis on those branches of the family tree closest to the principal compilers, Samuel David Gaston and Geneva Gaston Brown.  The information presented here was obtained from countless sources over many years of research.  Wherever possible, the original source is documented, but the reader can rest assured that even when a source is not specified, the compilers were highly confident of the accuracy of the information before including it in this collection.

         

          Though not proven, the following Husk family is probably connected to the Husk lineage which is the focus of this genealogy.  They are more fully described at http://www.doddridgecountyroots.com/bk6html/f20121.html :

            1.  Isaac Husk, b. ca 1838 in Pennsylvania, 1850 & 1860 Census in Monongalia Co, 1870 & 1880 Census in Washington Co Pa.

                 m. Elizabeth Johnson, b. ca 1837 in Pa.

                 m. Louisa Wharton

                 Children by first wife:

                 2.  William Johnson Husk, b. 1859 in Monongalia Co, (W)Va.

                       m. Ida Roberta McIntyre in 1885 in Tyler Co WVa, b. 1867 in Tyler Co, d. 1936 in Tyler Co.

                       They had 12 children:  Ethel Leora, Nancy Louisa, William Luther, Edgar Leo, Dwight Lovell, Amma Lotus, Dewey Liston, Hazel L, Herbert Leslie, Omer Russel, Virginia Pearl, Chloe Frances.

          If any reader of this genealogy knows how this Husk family is connected to our primary Husk lineage, please let us know.

         

          Despite extensive research in more recent years, nothing about the ancestors of the elder Frederick Husk (or Hust, or Hurst) has been discovered.  Information on the earliest of his descendants has also been very hard to come by.  However, this genealogy is, and always will be, a work in progress, and additional information regarding the early generations, as well as the current one, will be added as it becomes known.  In that vein, readers of this collection are invited to inform us of any errors or additional information for future updates.  [Samuel David Gaston (1934-2012) & Geneva Gaston Brown (1926-2001), principal compilers; R. L. Brown, editor]

         

          He married Unknown.

 

113.  Unknown.

 

116.  Absalom Critchfield, b. 1765 in New Jersey,118 d. 1816 in Greene Co, PA.118  He married118 Sarah Shrimplin.

 

117.  Sarah Shrimplin, b. ca 1763 in Springfield Twp, PA.170

 

118.  William Thomas Whitlatch, also known as William Thomas Whitlash,118 b. Apr-20-1761 in Harford Co, MD,169,170 d. Mar-14-1846 in Greene Co, PA,166,170 buried in Kirby, Greene Co, PA,166 resided 1761-81 in Harford Co, MD,169 resided aft 1781 in Greene Co, PA,169 military Soldier in American Revolutionary War.166  He married118 Sep- 1-1780,170 Nancy Anne Veach, also known as Nancy Veech.166

 

119.  Nancy Anne Veach, also known as Nancy Veech,166 b. ca 1760 in Greene Co, PA,170 d. Aug-11-1843 in Greene Co, PA.166

 

120.  Joseph McNemar, b. Feb-  -1777,34 d. Sep-27-1860 in Hardy Co, (W)VA,[220] census 1850, 1860 in Hardy Co, (W)VA.  He married[221] Ruth ___,

         

          1850 Census, Hardy Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Oct 23 1850:

          Joseph McNemar, 73, b. Va, farmer; Ruth, 68, b. Md; Amelia, 51, b. Va; William, 32, b. Va, farmer; Sarah, 24, b. Va.

          Ruth, Amelia and William were indicated as being unable to read or write.

         

          In the neighboring household:

          Catharine McNemar, 49, unable to read or write; Amelia, 23; Joseph W, 19; Loraine, 16; Christian J W, 14; William B, 10 (or 11); Jacob P, 7.  All born in Virginia.

         

          1860 Census, Hardy Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Aug 16 1860:

          Joseph McNemar Sr, 83, farmer; Ruth, 78; Amelia, 61; William, 42; Sarah, 35; Jacob P R, 16.  All born in Virginia except Ruth, born in Maryland.

         

          In the neighboring household:

          Jacob McNemar, 39, farmer; Margaret C, 37; Ann R, 13; Adolphus E, 9; Samantha A, 8; Mary V, 6; Brazelia O, 5; Edward M, 4; Gustavus E, 4 months.

         

121.  Ruth ___, b. ca 1782 in Maryland,172,[222] census 1850, 1860 in Hardy Co, (W)VA.

 

124.  Edward T. Vincent, b. Dec-28-1783 in Fayette Co, PA,[223] d. Feb-29-1868 in Fairmont, Marion Co, WV,[224] buried in Vincent Cemetery, Vinegar Hill, Marion Co, WV,173 census 1860 in Boothsville, Marion Co, WV,[225] occupation farmer, Methodist Episcopal Minister,225,173 military War of 1812.[226]

         

          Served in War of 1812, enlisting on Sep 4 1812 and serving in Capt. John Patton's Company and Col. Dudley Evans Regiment of the Virginia Militia.  He was discharged at Fort Meigs, Ohio on Mar 28 1813.  He received 187 acres of bounty land near Tygart Valley in what is now Taylor Co, WV.226

         

          He married Mar- 6-1808 in Geneva, Washington (now Fayette) Co, PA,[227] Rebecca Wisby,

         

          1860 Census, Marion County, Virginia (now West Virginia):

          Edward Vincent, 76; Rebecca Vincent, 66; Thomas Vincent, 23; Anna Burke, 13.

 

125.  Rebecca Wisby, b. Jul-  -1793 in Fayette Co, PA,[228] d. Oct-28-1875 in Fairmont, Marion Co, WV,228 buried in Vincent Cemetery, Vinegar Hill, Marion Co, WV,173 census 1860 in Boothsville, Marion Co, WV.225

 

126.  Sanford Shingleton.  He married175 (1) Mary "Dolly" Elder.  He married (2) Feb-20-1823,226 Basheba Humphrey.

 

127.  Mary "Dolly" Elder.

 

5th Great-Grandparents

 

128.  Benjamin Brown, d. bef 1741 in Connecticut [Presumed, since Benjamin Brown's wife Abigail had her first child by second husband John Adams in November 1741.].

         

          The parentage of Benjamin Brown, husband of Abigail Cleveland (and father of Benjamin Brown (b. ca 1733) who married Hannah Benjamin), has not been determined.  His name is known only from a reference in "The Benjamin Family in America," p. 113, wherein the husband of Hannah Benjamin is identified as "Benjamin Brown, the son of Benjamin and Abigail (Cleveland) Brown."  He is presumed to have died in Connecticut before 1741, since Abigail's first child by her second husband was born in November of that year.

         

          Although quite possible, it would be only speculation to suggest that this is the Benjamin Brown widely reported as the son of Deacon Thomas Brown and the father of Rufus Brown.  If any reader of this genealogy has information which would support or disprove this possibility, please let us know.

         

          He married185 Abigail Cleveland, also known as Abigail Cleaveland.[229]

 

129.  Abigail Cleveland, also known as Abigail Cleaveland,229 b. Jun- 3-1715 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,229 d. Dec-15-1782 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,[230],190 [at homestead, North Society], buried Morse Cemetery in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT.[231]

         

          The precise year of Abigail Cleveland's second marriage, to John Adams, is not clear.  Genealogist Andrew N. Adams reports a date of 1733, when her son Benjamin Brown was not more that one year of age.  But Canterbury town records show that the first of Abigail and John Adams'  nine children was not born until November 1741.

         

          In 1746 John Adams and his wife participated in the formation of the Separatist Church in Canterbury, which gave rise to much dissension in that village.  John Adams was made a member of the early church in 1741, and his wife Abigail in 1745.

         

          On Apr 17 1752, John and Abigail Adams acknowledged receipt of a legacy from the estate of her father, Josiah Cleveland of Canterbury, which had been bequeathed to them in a clause in his will of Dec 28 1750, in which Josiah Cleveland mentions his daughter Abigail Adams and his grandson Benjamin Brown.

         

          John Adams' will was drawn on May 4 1762, and the estate was administered that same year.  In it he mentions wife Abigail Adams.  Mrs. Abigail Adams' estate was administered Feb 19 1783, and mention is made of her "eldest son Benjamin Brown."

         

          According to an article by genealogist Emily Wilder Leavitt of Boston, written in the "New England Historical & Genealogical Register" in 1894, in "a little graveyard in the northern part of Canterbury the tombstones of both John and Abigail Adams have recently been found:  'Here lies the body of Mr. John Adams who died January 16, 1762-3, in his 66th year.'  On that of his wife is inscribed:  'Here lies the body of Mrs. Abigail, wife of Mr. John Adams who died December 15, 1782.'"

         

          Abigail's brother Aaron was the father of Moses Cleaveland, the founder of Cleveland, Ohio.190

         

          She married185 (1) Benjamin Brown.

         

          She married (2) John Adams, b. Dec-14-1695 in Medfield, Norfolk Co, MA,230 d. Jan-16-1762, buried Morse Cemetery in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT.231

 

130.  Jedediah Benjamin, b. Jul-15-1711 in Preston, New London Co, CT,[232] baptized Aug-17-1712 in Preston, New London Co, CT [First Congregational Church], d. Jan-27-1805 in Griswold, New London Co, CT,232 census 1790 in New London Co, CT.232

         

          In the inventory of the estate of Capt. Obadiah Johnson, dated Apr 19 1765 at Canterbury, Connecticut, was a list of notes and bonds on various people, one of whom was Jedediah Benjamin.232

         

          He married (1) Nov-11-1732,232 Patience Stanton,

         

          A tenth child, Hulda, b. Apr 6 1754, has been reported by some researchers, but she does not appear in the Benjamin Family in America genealogy.

         

          He married (2) Dec- 6-1778 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,232,[233] Mary Main.

 

131.  Patience Stanton, b. Nov-10-1710 in Groton, New London Co, CT,232 d. 1800 in Preston, New London Co, CT.

 

132.  William Williams, also known as Deacon William Williams.80  He married80 Sarah Stevens.

 

133.  Sarah Stevens.

 

134.  Joseph Williams, military Colonel, Revolutionary War, Massachusetts.80

         

          Col. Joseph Williams fathered nine children by his first wife Martha, and six children by his second wife Hannah.80

         

          He married80 (1) Martha Howell.

         

          He married80 (2) Hannah Dudley.

 

135.  Martha Howell.

 

168.  Moses Musgrave, b. 1711,192 d. bef Jan 13 1790 in Wilmington.192  He married136,192 Elizabeth ___.

 

169.  Elizabeth ___.

 

170.  John Musgrave, b. 1719 in Pennsylvania,192 d. ca 1772 in Lancaster, Lancaster Co, PA.192

 

176.  David Watson, d. aft Jan 7 1769.140  He married Feb-24-1729/30 in Prince Georges Co, MD,140 Sarah ___.

 

177.  Sarah ___.

 

178.  Robert Patton.

 

180.  Thomas Pritchard, Sr., b. ca 1733 in Virginia,[234] d. bef 1811,197 census 1800 in Allegany Co, MD,199 resided 1759 in Leesburg, Loudoun Co, VA,[235] occupation farmer, carpenter, mason.[236]

         

          "Thomas Pritchard Sr. was born about 1730-35 in King George, Stafford or Prince William County, Virginia, and died before 1812 in Allegany County, Maryland.  He married Rachel Davis about 1759 in Loudoun County, Virginia.  Like his father and earlier ancestors, he was a craftsman and pioneer at heart.  The exact location of his birth is not known because of Virginia's fluctuating county borders and formation of new counties from older ones.  Christopher II, his father, received a Prince William County land grant in 1742 from Lord Fairfax.  Prince William County was formed in 1730 from Stafford and King George Counties.  Fairfax County was formed in 1742 from Prince William County, Loudoun County was formed in 1747 from Fairfax County, and Fauquier County was formed in 1759 from Prince William County.  These boundary shifts allowed the Pritchard family to leave traces in each county."234.

         

          He married ca 1759 in Loudoun Co, VA,234 Rachel Davis.

 

181.  Rachel Davis, b. ca 1745 in Loudoun Co, VA.[237]

         

          Rachel Davis was born about 1745 in Loudon Co, VA, and died probably between 1813 and 1815 in Allegany Co, MD.  The Davis family came to America from Cardigan, Wales.  Rachel's grandfather may have been Thomas Davis Sr., who died in Loudon County on May 6 1758 and was married to Margaret.237

 

182.  Moses Tichenal, also known as Moses Tichenor,[238] b. ca 1743 in Morristown, Morris Co, NJ,[239],[240] baptized Apr-29-1743 in Morristown, Morris Co, NJ,239,240 d. ca 1796 in Allegany Co, MD,202,240 military Revolutionary War.240

         

          "Moses Tichenor (sic) served in the Revolutionary War in Captain Layton's Company of Morris County, New Jersey Militia in 1778, and was drafted into the Virginia Militia for a tour of duty to guard the prisoners taken at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown.  The prisoners were confined in Frederick County, Virginia.  His son, David, was enrolled as his substitute and served from November or December of 1781 until March 12, 1782.

          Although the spelling of Moses Tichenor's name varies from the time he left New Jersey, he evidently preferred Tichenal."238.

         

          He married194 ca 1762 in New Jersey,239,240 Margaret Jackson.

 

183.  Margaret Jackson, d. ca 1818 in Hardy Co, (W)VA.202,240  She married194 (1) ca 1762 in New Jersey,239,240 Moses Tichenal, also known as Moses Tichenor.238  She married202,240 (2) ___ Ryan.

 

184.  Thomas Nutter, b. ca 1739 in Sussex Co, DE,104,204 d. Jul-  -1807 in Harrison Co, WV,104,204 buried in Nutter Fort, Harrison Co, WV.204

         

          In 1760, Thomas Nutter moved his family to Rockingham County, VA, and then to Augusta Co.  In about 1769, the family moved to Fayette Co, PA, where they lived until about 1772, when they moved to the area of present-day Clarksburg, WV.  Thomas Nutter served the Colonies in the Revolutionary War as an Ensign in Captain William Lowther's Company.  Thomas built Nutter's Fort in present- day Harrison County, WV.104

         

          He married ca 1759,104 Sarah Goodwin.

 

185.  Sarah Goodwin, b. 1737 in Sussex Co, DE,[241] [Descendant John William Nutter reports birth as ca 1735, location unknown.], d. Jul-  -1807 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.241,204

         

          Last name may be Godwin.241

 

186.  Andrew Cottrell, b. 1740 in Maryland,[242] d. ca 1780 in Maryland.242  He married104 ca 1763,242 Nancy Moor.

 

187.  Nancy Moor.

 

190.  Levi Douglass, b. ca 1750 in Virginia,205 [or the eastern shore of Maryland in present-day Wicomico County], d. 1787 in Harrison Co, (W)VA.[243],[244]

         

          Levi Douglass was born possibly in Virginia, but more likely on the eastern shore of Maryland in present-day Wicomico County.  His date of birth is generally accepted as being around 1750, but may have been as late as about 1760.  In about 1777, just prior to his 1778 marriage to Nancy Anne Merrick in Monongalia County, Virginia (now West Virginia), Levi Douglass signed a petition for the formation of Harrison County, which came about in 1784.  In May 1785, a survey for Levi Douglass was recorded for 400 acres in Harrison County on the Brushy Fork of Elk Creek, adjoining the land of Benjamin Coplin.205

          Excerpts from "History of Harrison County West Virginia," by Henry Haymond, 1910:

         

          "On the 31st December, 1771 a party of explorers consisting of John Merrick, Samuel Cottrill, Andrew Cottrill, Levi Douglass and Sotha Hickman, encamped on Ann Moores run near the present town of Grasselli in Clark District.

          They were engaged in hunting and looking out for lands upon which to make permanent settlements. On New Year's day 1772 they turned out to hunt, and passing south through the low gap where Lemuel D. Holden afterwards lived for so many years, and near there killed a bear and several turkeys.

          On the little bottom where Brushy Fork empties into Elk Creek their dogs discovered a herd of buffalo and in a short time the hunters had killed seven of them. One of the largest of the herd being fatally wounded in attempting to escape down Elk Creek fell dead into the bed of the little stream that puts into Elk below the mouth of Brushy Fork, and lay in such a position that they could not pull him out, and he was left to lie there with regrets that they could not get his robe.

          The party remained in this camp all winter and were visited by a friendly Indian who hunted with them for some time.

          They discovered the abandoned camp on the "West Fork River of Robert Lindsay a trapper, and also where he had made one or more canoes to transport his furs down to Fort Pitt.

          In the Spring of 1772 they selected lands on which to establish permanent homes. Andrew Cottrill located his claim and built his cabin at the site of their camp, on Ann Moore's run, where Grasselli is now located. Samuel Cottrill just east of where Clarksburg now stands, near the Jackson grave yard. Sotha Hickman on the opposite side of Elk Creek near where the Elk View Cemetery now is, and Levi Douglas preempted four hundred acres on the Brushy Fork of Elk. John Merrick did not permanently locate in this country but probably went further West.

          There are still residing in Harrison County many descendants of the two Cottrills, Hickman and Douglass, and they have the satisfaction of knowing that their ancestors were among the very first permanent settlers in the present limits of Harrison County."  [p. 21]

         

          "It appears that at the June Court 1787 appraisers were appointed for the estate of Levi Douglass and that at the September Court of the same year Mrs. Ann Burrowes was appointed guardian for Thomas Cottrill orphan of Andrew Cottrill, deceased.  This indicates that both of these men died in that year, which is a

          matter of interest as they were both among the original pioneer settlers of Harrison County, as is related elsewhere, and had borne the hardships of frontier life for sixteen years."  [p. 208]

         

          "Levi Douglass.  In company with Sotha Hickman he was captured by Indians, an account of which is given elsewhere.  He was a man of sterling worth and for that day accumulated considerable property.

          The census of Monongalia County taken in 1782 before Harrison County was formed, shows that at that date his family consisted of four members.

          The inventory of his estate was dated August 4, 1787, the exact date of his death being unknown.

          His descendants still reside in the County."  [p. 382]

         

          "Sotha Hickman.  ...  While trapping on the Liitle Kanawha River in Company with Levi Douglass they were captured by a party of Indians and taken to their towns on the Sciota River in Ohio.

          One night while the Indians were holding a grand dance and festival the prisoners were left in charge of an old man who fell off into a sleep.  They each then quietly seized a gun and equipments and struck out for home and liberty.

          Travelling only at night they were four days without food and after reaching the Virginia side of the Ohio River they were fortunate enough to kill a bear and ate so much of it that they both became very sick and were relieved by drinking what was called rock oil, which was found floating on the surface of Hughes River."  [p. 383]

         

          "To show the household articles in use, and the personal property belonging to a well to do pioneer, the following is taken from the appraisement of the estate of Levi Douglass, who died in 1787 :

          2 horses, 1 colt, 2 steers, 2 heifers, 1 cow, 1 calf, 17 shoats, 1 plow, 1 negro boy, 1 rifle gun, shot pouch and powder horn, 1 woman's saddle, 2 bridles, 1 man's saddle, drawing knife, stillyards, pot and hooks, hackle-bell, pans, spinning wheel, wooden ware, knives and forks, pewter ware, beds and bedding, flax seed, wheat, hemp seed, beehives and hominy block."  [p. 427][245]

         

          He married 1778 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,[246] Nancy Anne Merrick, also known as Anne Merrick.144

 

191.  Nancy Anne Merrick, also known as Anne Merrick,144 b. 1758 in West Augusta Co, VA,205 d. 1838 in Jackson Co, (W)VA.205

 

192.  John Gaston, Sr., b. ca 1719,[247] d. aft 1793,[248] resided (settled) in Monmouth Co, NJ, occupation gristmill owner.[249]

         

          Settled in Upper Freehold (now Millstone) Twp, Monmouth Co, NJ, about 1741, where in 1758 he was owner of a grist and fulling mill and a member of Dr. William Tennent's Freehold Presbyterian congregation.  He was a subscriber in 1758 to the fund for a parsonage for Allentown Church.  He deeded a tract of land to his son Hugh in 1793.[250],248

         

          He married[251] ca 1738,216 Jane Hannah Robbins.216,[252]

 

193.  Jane Hannah Robbins,216,252 b. ca 1718 in Bedminster Twp, Somerset Co, NJ.216

 

194.  Andrew Davison, b. ca 1730 in Tennent, Monmouth Co, NJ,204 occupation Farmer.[253]

         

          Andrew and Sarah Smith Davison, with their five children, traveled from New Jersey to Fayette County before 1790.  By this time, their son William was already married to Mary Maple, daughter Anna was married to John Gaston, and daughter Elizabeth was, or soon would be, married to Watters Smith.  These three families a few years later would settle on Duck Creek in Harrison County, (W)VA.[254]

         

          He married Sarah Smith.

 

195.  Sarah Smith, b. ca 1740 in New Jersey,[255] d. aft 1810 in Harrison Co, WV,255,204 buried in Harrison Co, WV.204

 

208.  William Hart, b. 1721 in England, christened May-17-1721 in Milton Ernest, Bedfordshire, England [All Saints Church], d. Oct-26-1783 near Oakley, Bedfordshire, England.  He married (1) Oct-23-1746 in Oakley, Bedfordshire, England [St. Marys Church], Mary Evins.

         

          He married (2) Nov- 1-1757 in Oakley, Bedfordshire, England [St. Marys Church], Mary Layton, d. Oct-21-1777.

 

209.  Mary Evins, b. 1721, christened Feb-25-1721, d. May-13-1757.

 

210.  William Currier, also known as William Curryer, b. 1730 in London, England, d. 1794, immigrated 1753 to Annapolis, Anne Arundel Co, MD.  He married Martha ___.

 

211.  Martha ___.

 

232.  Amos Critchfield, b. 1720 in Lebanon Twp, Hunterdon Co, NJ,118 d. Feb-  -1781 in Hampshire Co, VA.118  He married118 Unknown.

 

233.  Unknown.  Thought to be German.170

 

236.  Charles Whitlatch, Sr., also known as Charles Whitlash, Sr.,118 b. ca 1740.170  He married170 Elizabeth ___.

 

237.  Elizabeth ___.

 

240.  Joseph McNamarrow, b. ca 1738,[256] d. 1800 in Hardy Co, (W)VA.[257],[258]

         

          Hardy County (W)VA Will Book, Vol 1, p. 174, contains the following entry:

         

          "Joseph McNamarrow; Will, 1 Jan 1800 prob 12 Feb 1800.

          Wife, Elizabeth McNamarrow.

          Children:  John McNamarrow, Bryant McNamarrow, Joseph McNamarrow, Penop ?? McNamarrow, Elizabeth McNamarrow, Frances McNamarrow, Nancy McNamarrow, Philip McNamarrow, Martin McNamarrow, Mary McNamarrow.

          Exec: wife Elizabeth and son John.

          Wit: Jos Nevill, Henry Going, William Nevill, Thomas Wheeler."

         

          The possibility cannot be discounted that some of the children listed are actually grandchildren.257

         

          He married257,221,258 Elizabeth Browning.258

 

241.  Elizabeth Browning,258 b. ca 1740,256 resided 1800 in Hardy Co, (W)VA.257

 

248.  William H. Vincent, b. ca 1757 in Washington Co, MD, d. bef Mar 1816 in Monongalia Co, VA (now Marion Co, WV) [Reportedly got drunk and drowned in the Tygart River.], buried in Robinsons Run, Union Dist, Marion Co, WV,173 occupation nailmaker & farmer.  He married (1) ca 1779 in Fayette Co, PA,[259] Lucy Luzadder, also known as Mary Luzadder.  He married173 (2) Hannah Hanks, b. ca 1760,173 d. 182_ in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,173 [Believed to be after 1820 but before August 1828.].

 

249.  Lucy Luzadder, also known as Mary Luzadder, b. ca 1760 in New Jersey,[260],[261] d. ca 1784 in Fayette Co, PA.260,261

 

250.  Joseph Wisby, b. 1730 in Ireland,[262] d. 1823 in Highland Co, OH,262 occupation Weaver of Irish Linen.  He married262 Sarah Dixon.

 

251.  Sarah Dixon, b. ca 1740 in Ireland,262 d. 1832 in Brown Co, OH.262

 

6th Great-Grandparents

 

258.  Josiah Cleaveland, also known as Josiah Cleveland, b. Oct- 7-1690 in Chelmsford, Middlesex Co, MA,[263] d. Feb- 9-1750 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT.[264]

         

          Josiah Cleaveland was a man of wealth and prominence in both town and church at Canterbury.

         

          Excerpts from his will (Plainfield, Conn. Probate rec. B, 136-141) (some punctuation, spelling and capitalization modified for clarity):

          "In ye name of God Amen.  Ye 28th day of December A.D. 1750,  I, Josiah Cleaveland of Canterbury, in ye co. of Windham, Colony of Connecticut in New England, having for a long time been exercysed with infirmities of body, but now of perfect mind and memory, blessed be God.  Therefore calling to mind ye mortality of my body do make & ordain this my last will & testament as followeth.  ...  Item * to my daughter Abigail Adams, 250 pounds.  ...  *  Item, I give to my grandson Benjamin Brown a yearling horse colt & saddle & gun & so much of bills of credit old tenor as together with said colt * amount to 100 pounds, provided he lives here and takes ye care of business until May next...."264.

         

          He married Aug- 7-1710 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT,264 Abigail Paine.

 

259.  Abigail Paine, b. Jan- 5-1686 in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA,264 d. Aug-26-1762,264 [probably in Canterbury].

 

260.  Joseph Benjamin, b. Apr-29-1673/74 in Yarmouth, Barnstable Co, MA,[265] d. May/Jun 1738 in Preston, New London Co, CT,265 resided (settled abt 1700) in Preston, New London Co, CT,265 occupation blacksmith.265

         

          Joseph Benjamin served in 1695 under Captain Gorum in the campaign against the Indians at Pemaquid, during which he was severely wounded.  He was pensioned in 1700.

         

          On Apr 4 1700, Josiah Loomis sold land to Joseph Benjamin, blacksmith of Sheffield, Massachusetts, lot #35 (Reg. of Deeds, Pittsfield, Mass., Bk 5, pp 74 & 549).  On Dec 24 1700, Joseph & his son Joseph Jr owned land in Preston, Connecticut, but were not on the list of property owners in 1691.

         

          The will of Joseph Benjamin was dated May 26 1732 and proved Jun 6 1738.  It mentions sons Joseph, Obed, Jedediah, Daniel and Abial, and daughters Elizabeth Park, Sarah Park and Grace Wheeler.  (Probate Rec, New London, Bk D, p. 328).265

         

          He married Aug-25-1698 in Preston, New London Co, CT,265 Elizabeth Cooke.

 

261.  Elizabeth Cooke.

         

          Elizabeth Cook Benjamin was admitted as a member of the First Congregational Church of Preston, Connecticut, on June 4, 1702.265

 

262.  John Stanton.  He married232 Ann Hucheson.

 

263.  Ann Hucheson.  Surname may be slightly different.232

 

264.  Samuel Williams.

 

268.  Joseph Williams.

 

270.  Henry Howell.  He married80 Martha ___.

 

271.  Martha ___.

 

336.  Moses Musgrave, b. 1666 in Armagh, Ireland,137,192 d. Apr- 7-1726 in Chester Co, PA,137,192 buried Fallowfield in Chester Co, PA.192  He married (1) Jun- 5-1695,137 Grace Roberts.  He married (2) Nov-11-1697 in Chester Co, PA,137 Patience Hussey.  He married (3) ca 1700 in Chester Co, PA,192 Elizabeth ___.

 

337.  Elizabeth ___, d. 1791.192

 

340.  Moses Musgrave, (see same person above in generation 9) b. 1666 in Armagh, Ireland,137,192 d. Apr- 7-1726 in Chester Co, PA,137,192 buried Fallowfield in Chester Co, PA.192  He married (1) Jun- 5-1695,137 Grace Roberts.  He married (2) Nov-11-1697 in Chester Co, PA,137 Patience Hussey.  He married (3) ca 1700 in Chester Co, PA,192 Elizabeth ___.

 

341.  Elizabeth ___, (see same person above in generation 9) d. 1791.192

 

360.  Christopher Pritchard II, b. 1704/11 in King George Co, VA,[266] d. bef 1762 (probably) in Prince William Co, VA.266  He married266 bef 1732,[267] Sarah Gollathan.

 

361.  Sarah Gollathan.

 

364.  Joseph Tichenor, b. ca 1685 in Newark, Essex Co, NJ,[268] d. Mar-  -1750 in New Jersey.[269]

         

          "Joseph Tichenor died in 1750.  His will of March 1, 1750, mentions only his first five children, Moses, James, Joseph, Daniel and Jane, all minors.  Joseph, James and Jane were over the age of 14, so they asked the court to appoint Thomas Woodruff, Jr. of Elizabeth, NJ as their guardian.  Since Daniel and Moses were under the age of 14, they were not entitled by law to choose their guardians.

          "In 1731, Joseph acquired land in New Vernon, a few miles south of Morristown.  A second tract of land was purchased in 1739.  He also purchased land in what is known as 'Turkey Pasture' from the heirs of William Penn.  This is in the Great Swamp, now a wildlife preserve.

          "According to Harold Tichenor, the records of the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown contain the words 'confest for disregarding the lot' by Joseph's name.  This refers to a casting of lots to settle a dispute over establishing a church in Morristown.  The people of Morristown (then called West Hanover) worshipped at the Presbyterian Church at Hanover, which was established by 1718.  By 1733, the population of Morristown (so named officially in 1740) had increased.  The eastern portion of the parish opposed the move, so the church resorted to casting of lots.  Even though the proposed division was voted down, a Morristown church was organized and a confession for disregarding the lot was required of those who had a part in it, Joseph among them.  The church records also show that he renewed his covenant April 24, 1743, and became a communicant in September 1749."269.

         

          He married 1730 in New Jersey,269 Elizabeth ___.

 

365.  Elizabeth ___.  She married (1) 1730 in New Jersey,269 Joseph Tichenor.  She married (2) btwn Mar 1750 - Nov 1751,[270] Samuel Wade.

 

368.  John Huett Nutter, b. 1705 in Somerset Co, MD,[271],204 d. bef Jun 18 1746 in Somerset Co, MD.204  He married (1) Aug-13-1727 in Stepney Parish, Somerset Co, MD,271,204 Margaret McClester, d. Jan-27-1734.271,204  He married (2) Apr- 4-1735,271 Ann Nutter,

         

          Ann Nutter, cousin & wife of John Huett Nutter, was the daughter of Charles & Sarah Nutter and the widow of John's brother Matthew.  Her birthplace was possibly Dorchester County.104,204

 

369.  Ann Nutter, b. ca 1712.204  She married271 (1)204 Matthew Nutter, b. ca 1710,204 d. bef Apr 1735,271 [Jeff Whittaker reports death as occurring before Feb 25 1737 or 1738, in Somerset Co, MD.  The basis for this was not noted, but may be from the date of the probate of Matthew's will or settlement of the estate.  The "bef Apr 1735" reported by Don Norman is likely based on the remarriage of Matthew's wife Ann to his brother John on Apr 4 1735.].  She married (2) Apr- 4-1735,271 John Huett Nutter.

 

370.  Matthew Goodwin.  He married204 Ann ___.

 

371.  Ann ___.

 

384.  Hugh Gaston, also known as Hugh of Peapack, b. ca 1687 in County Antrim, Ireland,[272],248 d. Dec-23-1772 in Bedminster Twp, Somerset Co, NJ,272,[273],19 buried in Lamington Presb Church Cem, Somerset Co, NJ.19,272

         

          Hugh, along with his brothers, William, John and Joseph, arrived in America about 1720 through the Port of Perth Amboy and settled in New Jersey.  Hugh obtained land in Bucks County, now Northampton County, Pennsylvania, in 1746 and 1751.  Later, he lived in Somerset County, New Jersey, where he died.

         

          He married ca 1718,248 [probably in Ireland], Jennet Kirkpatrick.

 

385.  Jennet Kirkpatrick, b. ca 1698,248,272 d. Aug- 1-1777 in New Jersey,[274],248,272 buried in Lamington Presb Church Cem, Somerset Co, NJ.19,272

 

388.  William Davison, Jr., b. ca 1695 in Tennent, Monmouth Co, NJ, d. 1762 in New Jersey, buried 1762 in New Jersey, occupation Farmer.

         

          Anne Brinson was reportedly William Davison Jr.'s second wife. No information about his first marriage in known.204

         

          He married 1744,[275] Anne Brinson.

 

389.  Anne Brinson.

 

390.  John Smith, b. 1699 in Maidenhead Twp, Burlington Co, NJ,[276] d. Apr-19-1748 in Maidenhead Twp, Burlington Co, NJ,276 buried in Upper Burying Ground, Lawrenceville, NJ,276 occupation Yeoman,[277] resided in Maidenhead Twp, Burlington Co, NJ.[278]  He married Hannah Waters.

 

391.  Hannah Waters.

         

          There is some confusion among researchers as to Hannah's last name.  Although some give it as Waters, others maintain that the name Waters came from her sister Mary, who was married to William Waters, and that Hannah's maiden name is still not known.[279]

 

416.  Thomas Hart, b. in England, d. bef 1755 in England.  He married May-13-1706 in Milton Ernest, Bedfordshire, England [All Saints Church], Catherine Robinson.

 

417.  Catherine Robinson, d. Mar-12-1755 in England.

 

464.  William Critchfield, also known as William Crihfield, b. Oct-13-1686 in Boston, MA,118 d. 1772 in Hunterdon Co, NJ.118  He married118,[280] Agnes Opdyck.

 

465.  Agnes Opdyck, b.280.

 

496.  John Coonrod Vincent, b. 1704/33, d. 1784 in Washington Co, MD,173 [Allegany County, Maryland, was created out of Washington County, Maryland, in 1789.].

         

          Researchers report birth year between 1704 and 1733.

         

          He married Unknown.

 

497.  Unknown.

 

498.  Aaron Luzader II, b. Sep-20-1731 in Bound Brook, Somerset Co, NJ,261 d. Apr- 2-1834 in Monongalia Co, (W)VA,261 occupation blacksmith, farmer.261

         

          Part of the Lousada family remained Loyalist during the Revolution, retaining their name's old spelling and moving to Canada or England.  Aaron II changed the spelling of his name and served in the American Army.  He was a sergeant in the Revolutionary War, first during 1776-77 in a New Jersey Regiment, and later in 1778-83 in a Pennsylvania regiment.  The battles in which he fought were Long Island, Princeton, Brandywine, and Germantown.

         

          On Nov 28 1833, in Monongalia County, (W)VA, Aaron II applied for a military pension, stating that he was 102 years old and giving his birth as 1731 in Somerset County, New Jersey.  He stated that he had served in the Somerset County Militia for three months in 1776, and that he moved to what is now Greene County, Pennsylvania in 1777.  He further stated that in 1778, he was a spy on Whitely Creek, Greene County, Pennsylvania, under Capt. William Crawford, and that he was discharged in September 1783 with 2 years and 8 months of service.  He lived in Greene County until 1793, when he moved to Monongalia County.260,[281]

         

          He married (1) ca 1752/55,261,173 [probably in New Jersey], Mary Bartley.

         

          He married (2) ca 1778,173 Sarah Cole, b. Apr- 1-1756 in Maryland,173 d. Mar-18-1838 in Taylor Co, (W)VA,173

         

          Sarah Cole was a full-blooded Indian of the Creek Nation, Maryland.  Is is further believed that she was an Indian Princess, a daughter of Chief Little Bear of the Creek Indians.  It has also been said that she was a Cherokee, a tribe of the Creek Nation.260,[282]

 

499.  Mary Bartley, d. bef 1778.173

 

7th Great-Grandparents

 

516.  Josiah Cleaveland, also known as Josiah Cleveland, b. Feb-26-1666/67 in Woburn, Middlesex Co, MA,[283] d. Apr-26-1709 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT.283

         

          Josiah Cleaveland served in the Indian Wars, 1688-89, probably in Maine.  He settled at Chelmsford, Massachusetts in 1689, as did his brother Samuel.[284]

         

          He married ca 1689 in Chelmsford, Middlesex Co, MA,283 Mary Bates.

 

517.  Mary Bates, b. May- 8-1667 in Chelmsford, Middlesex Co, MA,283 d. Jul-20-1743 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT.283

 

518.  Elisha Paine, b. 1659 in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA,[285] d. Dec-19-1758 in Canterbury, Windham Co, CT.285

         

          Originally from Barnstable, Massachusetts, he settled in Canterbury, Connecticut in 1700.  He was one of eight founders of First Church, Canterbury, on June 11, 1711.[286]

         

          He married264 Jan-20-1685 in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA,285 Rebecca Doane.

 

519.  Rebecca Doane.

 

520.  Joseph Benjamin, b. Sep-16-1633 in Newtowne (now Cambridge), Middlesex Co, MA,[287] d. Spring 1704 in Preston, New London Co, CT.287

         

          William Clarke of Yarmouth died Dec 7 1668 and gave his property to Joseph Benjamin by noncupative will.  Sarah Clarke's mother was probably a sister to Thomas & Barnard Lumbert, which would make Joseph's two wives cousins.  This would also account for Barnard Lumbert, age 60, hearing the will of William Clarke.

         

          In Savage's account of the Lumbert family, he indicates that Joseph Benjamin's first marriage may have been "a run-away marriage."

         

          Joseph was a watchman in Charlestown in 1665.  He lived in Barnstable and then, sometime before 1668, moved to Yarmouth.  He sold a farm in Cambridge, which he had inherited, on Oct 30 1686.  The town of Preston, Connecticut, was established in 1686, and Joseph and his family moved there in 1696, where he bought 100 acres of land.287

         

          He married (1) Jun-10-1661,287 Jemima Lombard, also known as Jemima Lumbert,287 also known as Jemima Lambert,287 b. ca 1636 in Dorchester, Suffolk Co, MA,287 d. ca 1666.287  He married265 (2) ca 1666,287 Sarah Clarke.

 

521.  Sarah Clarke, b. Aug- 1-1639,287 d. aft 1716.287

 

522.  Richard Cooke, baptized Jun-30-1678 in Stonington, New London Co, CT,265 [First Church].  He married Grace Larabee.

 

523.  Grace Larabee.  There is some question as to her exact surname.265

 

528.  Samuel Williams, b. 1632 in England,[288] d. Sep-28-1698,288 immigrated 1637 in Boston, MA.288

         

          Samuel Williams came to New England in 1637, arriving at Boston with his parents and siblings John and Mary.  He was admitted to membership of the Roxbury Church at age fifteen, and was made a freeman in 1650, and was a deacon of the church.288

         

          He married Mar- 2-1654,288 Theoda Park.

 

529.  Theoda Park, b. ca 1637,288 d. Aug-26-1718.288  She married (1) Mar- 2-1654,288 Samuel Williams.  She married288 (2) Stephen Park.

 

536.  Stephen Williams, b. Nov- 8-1640 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA,[289] d. Feb-  -1720 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA.289  He married289 Sarah Wise.

 

537.  Sarah Wise, d. bef Aug 1728,289 [Her will was probated on Aug 30 1728.].

 

672.  Oswin Musgrave, b. 1640 in Cumberland County, England,192,137 d. 1687 in Chester Co, PA.137,192  He married192,137 ca 1658 in Armagh, Ireland,137 Elizabeth ___.

 

673.  Elizabeth ___, b. ca 1644 in Belfast, Ireland,137 d. after 1697 in Pennsylvania.192

 

720.  Thomas Pritchard, resided in Richmond, VA,266 resided in King George Co, VA,266 d. 1722.[290]

 

722.  Martin Gollathan.  Name also spelled Golathan, Golothan and Golorthum.266

 

728.  Daniel Tichenor, b. Aug- 9-1656 in New Haven Colony, Connecticut,[291],[292] d. May-  -1728 in Newark, Essex Co, NJ.292

         

          The Fundamental Agreement of the first settlers of Newark, New Jersey, was signed by a Daniel Tichenor,  While improbable that the signer was this Daniel Tichenor since was only eleven years old at the time, it is still a possibility.  The Fundamental Agreement (which provided that only members of the established church would be "admitted freemen or free Burgesses) did not have the force of law, and there is no good reason that a minor could not have signed such a symbolic document.  No Daniel Tichenor received land in the first division of land or was on the first taxt list as would be expected of a man of age.  His name does not appear in the records of Newark town meetings, after the signing of the Fundamental Agreement, until 1680, when he requested land.  This was surely our Daniel Tichenor, as he was 23 at the time.  The records give no evidence of an older Daniel Tichenor.

          [Charles C. Gardner Collection, held by the Genealogical Society of New Jersey]

          [Living Descendants of Blood Royal, compiled by Count d'Angerville, Vol. II]

          [Vital Records of Connecticut, New Haven, Series I]

          [New Jersey Historical Society Collections - Records of the Town of Newark, Vol. VI, pp. 3-116, and supplement thereto]

         

          Daniel Tichenor's name appears six times between 1680 and 1700 in the town records.  In 1684, he had "Liberty ... to take up a piece of land in the Common ..."  He was chosen fence viewer in 1689 and was chosen pounder in 1690.  One item in the town record of Mar 5 1693 reads as follows:  "Whereas, there is much Prophanation of the Lord's Day in the Time of Worship, by the playing of Boys and Girls; therefore Daniel Tichenor and Thomas Lyon are chosen to look after them, and to correct them, or call them by Name as they shall see occasion, for the Year ensuing."  [New Jersey Historical Society Collections - Records of the Town of Newark, Vol. VI, pp. 103-116]

         

          On Jun 1 1680, Daniel Tichenor was deeded two acres in his father's home lot.  Daniel bought 4-1/2 acres in "Little or Tichenor's Neck" adjacent to that lot on May 2 1694.  In 1697, he received land, evidently jointly with his brother Jonathan, in right of their father.  On Sep 3 1701, he had an "interest of one right" in purchase agreement covering Indian lands west of Newark.  His will, written Nov 4 1727, named his wife Elizabeth and children Daniel, John, Joseph and Jane.

          [Charles C. Gardner Collection, held by the Genealogical Society of New Jersey]

          [New Jersey Archives]

         

          [Source::  The foregoing account is taken from Harold A. Tichenor's "Tichenor Families in America," p. 40, citing the author's original sources.]

         

          He married 1690 in Newark, Essex Co, NJ,292,291 Elizabeth Baldwin.

 

729.  Elizabeth Baldwin.

 

736.  Matthew Nutter, b. ca 1685 in Maryland,104,[293],204 d. Nov-  -1718 in Somerset Co, MD.104  He married271 ca 1704,204 Ann Huett.

 

737.  Ann Huett, b. ca 1685,204 d. bef Jun 4 1734 in Somerset Co, MD,104,204 [Will probated on June 4 1734.].  She married271 (1) ca 1704,204 Matthew Nutter.  She married (2) Apr-24-1724,104,204 Alexander Leckie.  She married (3)204 Nicholas Evans.

 

738.  Charles Nutter, b. May-18-1680,104,204 d. ca 1735.104,204  He married271 Sarah ___.

 

739.  Sarah ___.

 

768.  John Gaston, b. ca 1645 in Scotland, d. in Ireland, emigrated abt 1660-1668 to County Antrim, Ireland.[294]

         

          John Gaston (1645) or his father John (1600) was listed on the hearth-money rate list at Magheragall, Upper Massereene Barony, in the extreme south of County Antrim, Ireland, SW of Belfast. The family later moved a few miles north, as John (1645) had a son William ca 1680 at Carenleigh, Cloughwater, near Ballymena.  Clough was a few miles north of Ballymena in Kilconway Barony, and held five Gaston households at time of the 1740 Protestant Householders index of County Antrim.[295]

         

          He married Unknown.

 

769.  Unknown.

 

776.  William Davison, b. ca 1650 in Scotland,204 d. 1723 in Freehold, Monmouth Co, NJ,204 buried in Freehold, Monmouth Co, NJ, occupation farmer & carpenter.

         

          William Davison came to America in 1685 from Leith, Scotland.  Tradition has the ship name the Caledonia.  He arrived in East Jersey in late Oct 1684/85. Railroad tracks were built across William & Margaret's land, destroying the family burying ground.  It is said that the Battle of Monmouth (6/28/1778) was fought from a battery position on William Davison's land, and that it was from the brook on his land that American Revolutionary heroine Mary Ludwig Hays, better known as Molly Pitcher, carried water to the fighting patriot troops.204

         

          He married204 ca 1695 in New Jersey,204 Margaret Oliphant.

 

777.  Margaret Oliphant, b. ca 1667 in Pencaitland, Lothian, Scotland,204 d. aft Apr- 6-1723,204 [Margaret Oliphant Davison was still living when her husband made his will on this date.].

 

778.  Daniel Brinson, b. in England,[296] d. 1695/96 in New Jersey.[297]

         

          Daniel Brinson, of Membury County, Devon, England, arrived in America on September 28, 1677 in the "Willing Mind" of London.  He married Frances, the daughter of Doctor Greenland, formerly of Newburyport, MA.  In 1678, Doctor Greenland, at Piscataway, NJ, and Daniel Brinson became interested in lands in the Millstone River region, near the present site of Princeton.  Doctor Greenland died in 1694 or 1695.[298]

         

          He married Oct- 8-1681,296 Frances Greenland.

 

779.  Frances Greenland.  She married (1) Oct- 8-1681,296 Daniel Brinson.  She married297 (2) John Horner.

 

780.  Thomas Smith, b. by 1675,[299] d. Nov-  -1702 in Maidenhead, West Jersey, NJ,299 resided early in Bedford, Town of Brooklyn, Kings Co, LI, NY,299 resided by 1699 in Maidenhead Twp, Burlington Co, NJ.299

         

          Thomas Smith's first wife, not identified, died in 1695.  He resided in Bedford Village, Town of Brooklyn, New York, and later in Maidenhead Township, Burlington County, New Jersey.204

         

          He married aft 1695,[300] Susannah Matthews.

 

781.  Susannah Matthews, d. in Maidenhead, West Jersey, NJ,[301] [Lewis D. Cook, p. 753, gives death date for Susannah Matthews Smith as 1695, but that is clearly incorrect.  She had children in 1699 and 1702, and was listed as a survivor when her husband died in 1702.], resided originally at Jamaica, Long Island, NY.[302]

 

928.  William Critchfield, b. 1670.118  He married118 Susannah ___.

 

929.  Susannah ___.

 

930.  Johannes Lawrenson Opdyck, b. ca 1651 in Beverwyck, New Amsterdam,280 d. Mar-  -1729 in Hopewell, Hunterdon Co (now Mercer Co), NJ.280  He married280 ca 1674 in New Amsterdam,280 Tryntie "Catherine" ___.

 

931.  Tryntie "Catherine" ___.

 

996.  Aaron Lousada, b. May-17-1695 in London, England,261 [St. James Parish], d. Dec-27-1764 in Bound Brook, Somerset Co, NJ,261 occupation trader.173

 

          He married (1) in New Jersey,[303] [probable], Unknown.

         

          He married (2) ca 1740 in New Jersey,261 Bloeme Michael, also known as Blume Michael.

 

997.  Unknown.

 

8th Great-Grandparents

 

1032.  Moses Cleveland, b. ca 1624 in England,[304] d. Jan- 9-1701/02 in Woburn, Middlesex Co, MA.304

           

            Moses (or Moyses) Cleveland (or Cleaveland), the common ancestor of all the Clevelands or Cleavelands of New England origin, came as a youth from Ipswich, Suffolk County, England.  According to family tradition, he sailed from London and arrived in America in the year 1635.  He first landed in Massachusetts, probably either at Plymouth or Boston, only 15 years after the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock.

           

            There is evidence to suggest that the young Moses was at that time an apprentice to a ship's carpenter, working for his passage over.  It is believed that he came from Ipswich as an indentured apprentice to a joiner, housewright, or master builder, name of his master not known but conjectured to be Edward Winn, whose daughter he later married.  He was known to have gone to Woburn with his master, and he did settle there in 1640-41.

           

            In 1642, he was granted a share of public land in Woburn, and in 1643 he became a freeman.  A freeman was required to be of godly walk and conversation, to be at least 20 years of age, to take an oath of allegiance to the government of Massachusetts Bay Colony, to be worth 200 pounds, to hold office if elected or else pay a fine of 40 shillings, and to vote in all elections or pay the same fine.  These restrictions and conditions were so onerous that many who were eligible preferred never to become freemen, being more free as they were.  Over the years, Moses Cleveland became a man of some prominence in New England.[305]

           

            He married Sep-26-1648 in Woburn, Middlesex Co, MA,304 Ann Winn.

 

1033.  Ann Winn, b. ca 1626,304 [Birthplace either Wales or England.], d. bef May 6 1682,304 [Presumed.  On this date, Edward Winne, the father of Ann Winn Cleveland, made his will, which mentioned Ann's three youngest children but not Ann herself.].

 

1034.  John Bates.  He married283 Mary ___.

 

1035.  Mary ___.

 

1036.  Thomas Paine, b. ca 1612 in Kent County, England,285 d. Aug-16-1706 in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA.285

           

            Having lost one eye by an arrow while still in England, he came to America with his father, settling at the head of Cove in Kesscayogansett, Eastham, now Orleans, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.  He built mills and served for many years as deputy.286

           

            He married ca 1650 in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA,285 Mary Snow.

 

1037.  Mary Snow, b. 1630,285 d. Apr-28-1704.285

 

1038.  John Doane, resided in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA.286  He married Hannah Bangs.

 

1039.  Hannah Bangs.

 

1040.  John Benjamin, b. ca 1580/98 in England,[306] d. Jun-14-1645 in Watertown, Middlesex Co, MA.306

           

            John Benjamin, with his wife and four children, sailed from England on the ship "Lion" (Lyon) on June 22, 1632.  They arrived at Boston Harbor on the evening of September 16, 1632.  John Benjamin was a friend of John Winthrop, who had arrived in America in 1630 and later became Governor of Massachusetts.  His friendship with Winthrop is thought to have greatly influenced John Benjamin's decision to leave England for America.  Also, two of Abigail's brothers had already come to New England, which may have also played a role.

           

            The Benjamins settled in Newtowne (now Cambridge), Massachessetts.  On Nov 6 1632, John Benjamin was elevated to the status of Freeman.  He soon built what Governor Winthrop described as a "Mansion ... unsurpassed in elegance and comfort."  John Benjamin was clearly both wealthy and well educated.  He was addressed by the Governor as "Mister," a title of respect reserved for the few.  On May 20 1633, he was appointed Constable, the chief executive officer of the town.

           

            In 1637, the Benjamin family moved to Watertown, Massachusetts, on a homestead of 60 acres.  Watertown records of 1642 show that John Benjamin owned the largest homestall in the town at that time.

           

            The will of John Benjamin was made on Jun 12 1645, two days before his death.  It was witnessed by Massachusetts Governor Thomas Dudley and Deputy Governor John Winthrop, and was handwritten by Winthrop.  In 1900 the will was bought at auction because of Winthrop's autograph.  A copy of it appears in "New England Historical & Genealogical Register," Vol. 45, p. 19.[307]

           

            He married ca 1619 in England,306 Abigail Eddye, also known as Abigail Eddie,306 also known as Abigail Eddy.306

 

1041.  Abigail Eddye, also known as Abigail Eddie,306 also known as Abigail Eddy,306 b. ca 1600 in England,306 baptized Oct- 6-1601 in England,306 [Cranbrooke], d. May-20-1687 in Charlestown, Suffolk Co, MA,306 emigrated Sep-16-1632 in Boston, MA.306

 

1042.  William Clarke, also known as Lt. William Clarke,287 d. Dec- 7-1668.287  He married287 Sarah Lumbert, also known as Sarah Lumbard.287

 

1043.  Sarah Lumbert, also known as Sarah Lumbard.287

 

1056.  Robert Williams, b. ca 1593 in England,[308] d. Sep- 1-1693 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA,[309] resided in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA,80,308 immigrated 1637 to Boston, MA.308

           

            Robert Williams' birthplace was England, possibly in Norwich, County Norfolk.  He arrived in Boston with his wife Elizabeth and several children in 1637.  By the end of that year, they had joined the neighboring settlement of Roxbury.  Robert was made a freeman there on May 2nd of the following year.

           

            As a signer of the Petition to the Governor of the Colony, 1672, in censure of Harvard College, it is clear that Robert Williams was a staunch and typical Puritan, who refused to conform to the tenets of the Established Church of England during the intolerant reign of the first King Charles.  It was for that reason that he left England for the Massachusetts Bay, where he could more freely exercise his rights of conscience and religion beliefs.

           

            Roxbury town records show that Robert Williams was one of the five townsmen or selectmen in 1647 and 1653.  He took an active interest in the early founding of schools in Roxbury.  Ellis' "History of the Town of Roxbury" refers to him as "one of the most influential men in town affairs."  Farmer's "Genealogical Register of the First Settlers in New England" calls him "the common ancestor of the divines, civilians and warriors of the name who have honored the country of their birth."

           

            His Last Will and Testament is dated Nov 26 1685, and was probated on Sep 29 1693.  He died in Roxbury on Sep 1 1693, age 100.[310]

           

            He married (1) in England,308 Elizabeth Stratton.

           

            He married (2) Nov- 3-1675,309 Margaret ___.  He married[311] (3) Martha Strong, b. ca 1612,309 d. Dec-22-1704.309

 

1057.  Elizabeth Stratton, b. ca 1594 in England,309 d. Jul-28-1674 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA,309 buried in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA.309

 

1058.  William Park, b. 1606 in England.[312]

           

            William Park embarked with the Rev. Roger Williams, in ship Lion, in December 1630, arriving at Boston in February 1631.  He became one of the founders of the first church of Roxbury, Massachusetts, and was its Deacon for many years.  He was Deputy to the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony for 33 years, having the longest term of service in that capacity under the old Charter.  Johnson, in his "Wonder-working Providence," calls him "a man of a pregnant understanding."

           

            His will was dated Jul 20 1684, with codicil dated Apr 4 1685.  He died on May 11 1685, age 79, with burial at the Roxbury burying ground.  His will, probated on Jul 30 1685, made provision for schools and the poor of Roxbury, and "that every child and grandchild or grandchildren shall have, each of them, a new Bible bought and given unto them, out of what I have given unto my beloved wife."  He left a daughter, but no surviving son to perpetuate his name.312

           

            He married288 Martha Holgrave.

 

1059.  Martha Holgrave.

 

1072.  Robert Williams, (see same person above in generation 11) b. ca 1593 in England,308 d. Sep- 1-1693 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA,309 resided in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA,80,308 immigrated 1637 to Boston, MA.308  He married (1) in England,308 Elizabeth Stratton.  He married (2) Nov- 3-1675,309 Margaret ___.  He married311 (3) Martha Strong, b. ca 1612,309 d. Dec-22-1704.309

 

1073.  Elizabeth Stratton, (see same person above in generation 11) b. ca 1594 in England,309 d. Jul-28-1674 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA,309 buried in Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA.309

 

1074.  Joseph Wise.

 

1440.  Christopher Pritchard, b. bef 1670 in Westmoreland Co, VA,[313] d. bef Jul 1730 in King George Co, VA,[314] occupation master carpenter, cooper, planter.[315]  He married bef 1696 in Westmoreland Co, VA,313 Jane Muse.

 

1441.  Jane Muse, b. 1660/80,313 d. 1723/30.[316]

 

1456.  Martin Tichenor, b. bef 1630 in England,[317] [probably], d. aft Oct-19-1681 in Newark, Essex Co, NJ.317

           

            "Martin Tichenor took the oath of allegiance at New Haven Colony in August 1644.  This is the first known record of his presence in the colony.  He and Mary Charles were married by the governor.  ...

            "The spelling of his name varies in New Haven records, but his will is signed 'Tichenor,' the spelling found most often in New Jersey records.  The exception are found in a few records pertaining to this sons using single or double L's at the end of the name.  Early tradition is that Martin Tichenor came from France.  However, Taylor Tichenor, son of James Tichenor, whose genealogy is used in Teachenor's 'Partiail History of the Tichenor Family in America,' published in 1918, states that the most generally accepted tradition is that his ancestry is English, though of Dutch-Flemish derivation.

            "A study of the Connecticut and New Jersey colonial records cited in Harold Tichenor's 'Tichenor Families in America,' published in 1988, suggests that Martin was a Puritan and most probably came from England.  ...

            "In 1665, New Haven and Connecticut were merged into one colony.  This allowed baptism of children regardless of their parents' church affiliation.  When the Puritans objected to this arrangement, ..." they opted to leave the colony and become homesteaders in New Jersey, arriving at the Passaic River in early May 1666.  "No sooner did they begin to unload their supplies than Hackensack Indians confronted them to claim the land for themselves.  Ultimately, the settlers purchased the land from the Indians ..."[318]

           

            He married May-16-1651 in New Haven Colony, Connecticut,[319],317 Mary Charles.

 

1457.  Mary Charles.

 

1458.  John Baldwin, Jr., b. Mar-20-1647/48 in Milford, New Haven Co, CT,[320] d. 1702 in Newark, Essex Co, NJ.320  He married320,291 Hannah Bruen.

 

1459.  Hannah Bruen.

 

1472.  Christopher Nutter, b. 1642 in Lancashire, England,[321],293 d. 1702 in Somerset Co, MD,[322] buried in Old Mamskin Church Cem, Princess Anne Co, MD,204 occupation Government Indian interpreter.[323]

           

            According to Northampton County, VA, court records, Christopher Nutter was born in 1642, probably in England, and died in Somerset County, MD in 1702. He emigrated to Northampton Co in August 1662.  His wife, Mary Dorman, was an indentured servant of John Curtis.  Christopher's will was probated in Somerset Co, MD, dated Dec 2, 1702.104

           

            He married Sep- 4-1665 in Sussex, VA,[324] Mary Dorman.

 

1473.  Mary Dorman, b. ca 1650,104 [Other researchers have reported birth date as ca 1642.], d. bef 1702.104

 

1474.  John Huett, b. ca 1640,293 d. ca Apr 1698 in Contention, Somerset Co, MD,293,204 buried in Somerset Co, MD, occupation minister.104

           

            The Reverend John Huett's name appears in the Somerset County and Maryland provincial archives spelled variously as Huett, Huet, Hewett and Hewitt, but most commonly Huett, which was the spelling used by him in witnessing the will of John Evans, of Somerset Co, dated May 6, 1686.  On February 19, 1661, John Huett was granted an annuity on account of his father's beheading.  He was the resident clergyman of the Church of England in the county.  It is believed that he was transported to Virginia in 1663 by Capt. Adam Thorogood.  He returned to England, studied for "holy orders" and was ordained deacon, returning then to Somerset County in Maryland.  In 1682 he returned once again to England, where he was ordained a priest by the Bishop of London.  He returned again to Somerset County, where he remained the rest of his life.  The Reverend John Huett appears to have been the first and only clergyman of the Church of England resident from late in the year 1680 until 1696.  He gives to the Church of England, and her daughter the Protestant Episcopal Church, in this country a "Father Founder."  Rev. John Huett was a true and courageous minister from whom we can draw inspiration.  The ministry in Somerset was purely missionary in nature.  The minister's work was door-to-door.  Services must have been held in the homes of the planters, in store houses, barns or, in seasonable weather, in the open air, as no reference has been found to a house of worship.  His work was not only pastoral and prophetic, to counsel and teach the people under his care, but also faithfully to minister the sacraments of the Gospel.  The Reverend John Huett was elected by the freeholders of Somerset County on April 18, 1692 to represent Somerset in the Lower House of Assembly, but it was subsequently decided that it was improper for clergy to hold such office, so he was immediately named a chaplain to the Assembly.  The Reverend John Huett's home plantation was called "Contention" in Somerset County.  He died at his plantation and is buried there.  ["Old Somerset on the Eastern Shore," by Clayton Torrence, published 1935 by Whittet & Shepperson, Richmond, VA, pages 140, 149, 520-524 and 453.]293

           

            He married104 Rachel Battian.

 

1475.  Rachel Battian, d. 1726.293

 

1476.  Christopher Nutter, (see same person above in generation 11) b. 1642 in Lancashire, England,321,293 d. 1702 in Somerset Co, MD,322 buried in Old Mamskin Church Cem, Princess Anne Co, MD,204 occupation Government Indian interpreter.323  He married Sep- 4-1665 in Sussex, VA,324 Mary Dorman.

 

1477.  Mary Dorman, (see same person above in generation 11) b. ca 1650,104 [Other researchers have reported birth date as ca 1642.], d. bef 1702.104

 

1536.  Jean (John) Gaston, b. ca 1600 in Foix, France.[325],[326]

           

            Jean (John) Gaston of France was the first known ancestor of our Gaston family.  There has been much speculation regarding his ancestry, ranging from descendancy from the Grand Duke of Tuscany to the possibility that he belonged to the Bourbon family and was a cousin to King Louis XIV of France.  Jean Gaston belonged to a Protestant group known as Huguenots.  On Apr 13 1598, King Henry IV of France endorsed the Edict of Nantes, which granted rights to the Protestant Huguenots.  But the edict was abrogated in 1685 by King Louis XIV, who declared France entirely Catholic again and embarked on a policy of persecuting all Protestants.  In the meantime, because of the political and religious climate, at age 40 Jean Gaston had fled with his family to Scotland, and his estate in France was confiscated.  His brothers and sisters in France remained Catholics and sent money to him in Scotland until he became established there.  Some 25 years later, his three sons fled Scotland for Ireland with their wives, also for religious reasons.  Jean died in either Scotland or Ireland.  [American Ancestry, Vol V, p. 104]

           

            "That the Gaston family was a French family there is no doubt.  As early as 1445, 'two gentlemen' of the name of Gaston, living at or near LaMothe St. Didier, became interested in what were believed to be wonderful cures wrought at the shrine of St. Andrew in that town, especially because one of these Gaston sons was there cured of the disease known as 'St. Anthony's Fire.'  In consequence, they devoted their property to the work, and, seven other persons assisting, built a large hospital.  The hospitallers soon founded the 'Congregation of Regular Canons of the Order of Anthony,' and one of the Gastons was made Grand Master of the Order.  (See McClinton and Strong's "Cyclopaedia of Biblical Literature" (1894), Vol. I, p. 252).  The name was common in France afterward.  Alphonse Daudet, the noted French novelist, used the name 'Marie Gaston' as a pseudonym."  [Anna Reger Gaston, "Gaston Family Lines of Somerset," published in the "Somerset County Historical Quarterly" in New Jersey]

           

            There are numerous Gaston family crests, or coats of arms, pertaining to Gastons of various origins.  Burke's "General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales" (Harrison & Sons, 1884) describes the one believed to be of our Gaston lineage as follows:  GASTON of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales.  Chequy argent. On gueule. Three escallops in bend or. Crest: an owl sable.  Motto: Fama semper vivit.

           

            An excellent resource pertaining to Gaston origins and related information is the website Planet Gaston, found at http://gaston.siteperso.net/ .  Some Gaston researchers have attempted to show tenuous royal connections and paint a romanticized picture of the family history, and it is therefore likely that some embellishment of the facts has occurred over the years.  A highly informative treatment of the facts and myths of the Gaston legend can be found at http://home.mindspring.com/~bgaston2/_images/Gaston_Legend.pdf .  The Gaston DNA Project, which affords participants an opportunity to find their common heritage through DNA testing and sharing of information, is found at http://www.worldfamilies.net/surnames/gaston

           

            This is a genealogy of the descendants of this Jean (John) Gaston, with particular emphasis on those branches of the family tree closest to the principal compilers, Samuel David Gaston and Geneva Gaston Brown.  The information presented here was obtained from countless sources over many years of research.  Wherever possible, the original source is documented, but the reader can rest assured that even when a source is not specified, the compilers were highly confident of the accuracy of the information before including it in this genealogy.  By its very nature, this collection is a work in progress, and additional information regarding the early generations, as well as the current one, will be added as it becomes known.  In that vein, the reader is invited to inform us of any errors or additional information for future updates.  [Samuel David Gaston (1934-2012) & Geneva Gaston Brown (1926-2001), principal compilers; R. L. Brown, editor]

           

            He married in Scotland,294,[327] Agnes ___.

 

1537.  Agnes ___, d. aft 1650 in Melrose, Roxburghshire, Scotland.

           

            Some researchers identify Agnes as possibly the daughter of Phillip of Navarre, and it is also said that she was accused of witchcraft in 1650 [per "Surnames of Scotland" by George F. Black].  But other researchers have convincingly refuted those assertions, and have further cast doubt that the wife of Jean Gaston was named Agnes at all.  Although we side more with the skeptics, we nonetheless report Jean Gaston's wife as Agnes simply out of tradition.[328],295

 

1554.  John Oliphant, b. ca 1640 in Pencaitland, Lothian, Scotland, d. in New Jersey.

           

            The first Oliphant to come to America was William Oliphant, "The Covenanter," who was arrested in June 1685 for attendance at a conventicle, or meeting of the Presbyterians, imprisoned with others at London, Leith and Dunottar Castle, and then exiled to His Majesty's plantation in East Jersey, under sentence of death should he return to his native land.  The ship sailed from Perth on Sep 5 1685, reaching New Jersey in December.  Shortly after William was sentenced to exile, his parents, John and Janet (Gilchrist) Oliphant of Pencaitland, indentured themselves and their minor daughters, Margaret and Janet, to John Hancock, of Edinburgh, to serve him for four years in New Jersey, for their passage over and room, board and other necessities.  After the four years, Hancock was to grant John Oliphant 25 acres of land in America, along with one cow, two sows, and was to plow one acre of land and give him corn to plant.  Tradition says that John had lost his property because of the heavy fines imposed on him by the English for his loyalty to the Presbyterian cause.  Most researchers assume that the Oliphant family sailed to America aboard the Henry and Francis of Newcastle, which was used to transport various religious prisoners and interested emigrants to New Jersey.  It appears that William was among the dissenters, while the other Oliphants joined him voluntarily to seek a new life in America.

           

            He married ca 1660 in Scotland, Janet Gilchrist.

 

1555.  Janet Gilchrist.

 

1560.  John Smith, b. 1650,204 d. 1684 in Bedford, Town of Brooklyn, Kings Co, LI, NY,279 occupation bricklayer.302

           

            Resided in 1660 at Gravesend, Long Island, NY.  Possibly resided earlier at Mespath Colony on English Kill, LI, NY with Rev. Francis Doughty, who died in Virginia.  On 3/17/1680, he purchased from Isaac Deschamps, a merchant of NYC, a 2-acre home lot, a 40-acre farm lot and four meadows in Bedford.  He built a house and resided there.  He bequeathed his estate by will dated 9/26/1683 "to his children" but did not name them.  But Thomas and Jasper were the two sons, as they subsequently conveyed the same property to another in 1696.279

           

            He married301 Susanna Hunt.

 

1561.  Susanna Hunt.

           

            Hunt was probably not her maiden name because, as a widow, she was married to Ralph Hunt, identified in son Thomas Smith's will as his "father-in-law," although this would be inaccurate by today's definition of the term.279,302

 

1562.  Samuel Matthews, Sr.,299 resided originally in Jamaica, Long Island, NY.299

 

1860.  Louris Jansen Opdyck, b. ca 1605,280 [birthplace possibly in The Netherlands or in Hoesem, Schleswig-Holstein (now Germany)], d. 1659 in Gravesend, Long Island, NY.280

           

            Some secondary sources report the parents of Louris Jansen Op Dyck as Jan Dericsen Opdycke & Margaret ___ of Elburg, Gelderland, The Netherlands.280

           

            He married280 Christina "Styntie" ___,

           

            Resided in Ft. Orange [Albany] and in Gravesend, Long Island, NY.280

 

1861.  Christina "Styntie" ___, b. ca 1610,280 d. aft 1664.280

 

1992.  Jacob de Lousada, b. ca 1670 in Spain,261 d. Jun-12-1729 in New York City, NY,261 [Shearith Israel], buried in 21st Street Burial Grounds, New York, NY,[329] resided in New York City, NY,261 immigrated 1710,261 occupation chocolate merchant.261

           

            The De Louzada family were Sephardic Jews.  During the Spanish Inquisition, Jews were forced to become practicing Catholics, or else be burned at the stake or escape to another country. The Jews who joined the Catholic Church were called "conversos."  Many of these conversos remained secret Jews and were called "marranos," literally "pigs" in Spanish.  Jacob De Louzada was probably such a secret Jew, since he and Rachel remarried in a Synagogue when they had an opportunity.  Jacob and Rachel had fled from Spain to Portugal and then to England.

           

            After the death of Rachel in 1708, Jacob and his two sons, Aaron and Moses, emigrated in 1710 to America where Jacob became a wealthy chocolate merchant in New York.  Jacob was buried in the Chatham Square Burial Grounds in New York City, but his body was removed on June 9, 1856 to the 21st Street Burial Grounds to accommodate mercantile growth in the city.  Jacob's gravestone is inscribed in Hebrew.261,260

           

            He married 1698 in London, England,261 [This was actually a remarriage at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in London.  Jacob and Rachel were earlier married in Spain without the Jewish rites.], Rachel de Almerda.

 

1993.  Rachel de Almerda, b. ca 1675 in Spain,261 d. 1708 in London, England.261

 

9th Great-Grandparents

 

2066.  Edward Winn, d. Sep- 5-1682 in Woburn, Middlesex Co, MA.[330]

           

            Edward Winn was born possibly in Wales, but more probably in England.  He came from England to America with his wife Joanna (or Jane), and three children.  It is conjectured that he was a master builder, and that he came from Ipswich, England or vicinity, and that Moses Cleveland was his apprentice and accompanied him to America.  He was in Charlestown, Massachusetts prior to Dec 18 1640, and was in Woburn, Massachusetts after that, being one of the original planners of the town.  He was made a freeman on May 10 1643 and became one of the leading men in town affairs.  He was chosen a town officer, a surveyor for sale in 1658-59, and a selectman in 1669.[331]

           

            He married304 (1) in England,330 Joanna ___.

           

            He married (2) Aug-10-1649,330 Sarah Beal, d. Mar-15-1680.330  He married330 (3) Ann (Hannah) ___, d. bef Nov 1686.330

 

2067.  Joanna ___, b. in England,330 d. Mar- 8-1649 in Woburn, Middlesex Co, MA.330

 

2072.  Thomas Paine.

           

            According to varying traditions, Thomas Paine was from Kent County, England, or from North of England.  He came to Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621, or to America in 1624 in a fishing vessel.  He was a fisherman at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.  In 1639 he was deputy from Yarmouth to the First General Court at Plymouth.  He was living in Yarmouth as of 1650.285

 

2074.  Nicholas Snow, b. in England, d. Nov-  -1676 in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA, immigrated Jul-  -1623 at Plymouth, Massachusetts.[332]

           

            A plaque in the Eastham, Massachusetts, Town Hall reads as follows:

           

            "To the memory of Nicholas Snow, who arrived at Plymouth on the Anne in 1623 and was an original purchaser and one of the first founders of Nauset in 1644, an incorporator of the town renamed Eastham in 1651, the first clerk of the town holding that office seventeen years from 1646 to 1662.  Deputy to the General Court from 1648 to 1652.  Selectman from 1663 to 1670.  Also surveyor of highways.

            He was born in England and died at Eastham November 16, 1676.  About 1625 he married at Plymouth Constance Hopkins, daughter of Stephen Hopkins, both of whom came on the Mayflower in 1620.  From this union came 12 children.  His home was at Skaket, now Orleans.

            To commemorate his sturdy manhood with the assurance of his faithful service to the company of pioneers with which he was associated, this memorial is erected by his descendant in five lines, Elbridge Gerry Snow, 1916."

           

            http://www.capecodgravestones.com/easthampixweb/snow77cove.html

            http://www.pilgrimhall.org/hopkinsconstance.htm.

           

            He married bef May 1627,332 Constance Hopkins.

 

2075.  Constance Hopkins, b. May-11-1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England,332 d. Oct-  -1677 at Plymouth, Massachusetts,332 immigrated Nov-  -1620 at Plymouth, Massachusetts.

           

            Constance Hopkins was one of the 102 Pilgrims, along with a crew of 25-30, on the Mayflower, arriving at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts in November 1620. She journeyed with her father and stepmother, Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins, her brother Giles, her half-sister Damaris and her half-brother Oceanus, who was born during the voyage.

           

            Sometime before 1627, Constance Hopkins married Nicholas Snow, who had arrived at Plymouth on the Anne in 1623.  The inventory of Nicholas’ estate, taken at the time of his death, includes carpenter’s tools. This may have been his trade. His inventory also included books, so he was probably literate. Nicholas held various minor positions in Plymouth, such as highway surveyor.  The Snows moved from Plymouth to Nauset, on Cape Cod in the 1640s. On the Cape, Nicholas served as surveyor, constable and selectman.  Constance and Nicholas had 12 children.  Nicholas died in November of 1676, Constance a year later in October of 1677.

           

            http://www.pilgrimhall.org/hopkinsconstance.htm

            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_Hopkins

            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower.

 

2076.  John Doane, b. 1591 in England,286 d. Feb-21-1686,286 immigrated ca 1630 to Plymouth, Massachusetts.286

           

            Coming from England to Plymouth, Massachusetts in about in 1630, he was appointed to the Governor's Council in 1631 and was named Assistant in 1633.  He declined to continue in civil office when chosen deacon in 1844 in Eastham.286

           

            He married Abigail ___.

 

2077.  Abigail ___.

 

2078.  Edward Bangs, b. 1592 in Essex County, England,[333] [Chicester], resided 1644 in Eastham, Barnstable Co, MA,333 immigrated Jul-  -1623 to Plymouth, Massachusetts,333 [on the ship Anne], occupation shipwright.333

           

            Born in Chicester, County Essex, England, in 1592, Edward Bangs arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on the ship "Anne" in July 1623.  A shipwright and was residing in Eastham as of 1644.  He married, as his second wife, Lydia Hicks.

           

            He married333 [His second marriage.], Lydia Hicks.

 

2079.  Lydia Hicks.

 

2082.  William Eddye, also known as William Eddie,306 also known as William Eddy,306 occupation minister.306  He married306 Mary Fosten.

 

2083.  Mary Fosten.

 

2882.  John Muse, Sr., also known as John Mewes,313 b. 1633,[334] d. 1728 in Westmoreland Co, VA.334

           

            He was "the original settler on the Muse plantation where Popes Creek meets the Potomac River.  Although a portion of this property is now George Washington's Birthplace owned by the National Park Service, the remainder is the oldest American farm still under continual ownership by the founding family."313.

           

            He married (1) Unknown.

           

            He married (2) Catherine (Lewis) Moss-Talbot,

           

            At the time of her marriage to John Muse Sr., she was a widow whose maiden name may have been Lewis.334

 

2883.  Unknown.

 

2914.  John Charles,319 d. 1673 in Branford, New Haven Co, CT,319 resided in Branford, New Haven Co, CT,319 resided (moved abt 1638) in New Haven Colony, Connecticut,319 resided 1636 in Charlestown, Suffolk Co, MA.319

           

            "John Charles was in Charleston, MA, in 1636 and moved to New Haven before 1640, possibly in 1638.  His lot in New Haven was adjacent to the lot of John Moss, his brother-in-law.  He moved to Branford where he joined in the compact of settlement in 1667 and died in 1673.  The New Haven Colony records contain several pages of court proceedings concerning a John Charles, a mariner.  Presumably, he was John Charles, father of Mary [Charles] Tichenor."319.

 

2916.  John Baldwin, Sr., b. in Wendover, Bucks County, England,320 d. Jun-24-1684 in Milford, New Haven Co, CT.320  He married320 (1) Mary Camp.  He married (2) 1653 in Milford, New Haven Co, CT,320 Mary Bruen.

 

2917.  Mary Camp.

 

2918.  Obadiah Bruen.  He married320 Sarah ___.

 

2919.  Sarah ___.

 

2946.  John Dorman, d. ca 1656 in Northampton Co, VA.293  He married293 Sarah ___.

 

2947.  Sarah ___, d. bef 1657.293

 

2948.  John Huett, Sr., b. Sep-  -1614,293 d. Jun-  -1658,293 occupation minister.

           

            The Rev. John Huett of Pembroke College, Cambridge, and Doctor of Divinity of Oxford; minister of St. Gregory's by St. Paul's, London; a royalist divine; published devotional works; said to have harbored Ormond in 1658 when that nobleman went into England under disguise to obtain intelligence information as to the chances for an uprising on behalf of Charles Stuart, later to come to the throne as Charles II.  Rev. John Huett, for involvment in the royalist plot, despite Mrs. Claypoole's intercession, was beheaded in June 1658.

           

            He married293 (1) ___ Skinner.

           

            He married293 (2) Mary ___.

 

2949.  ___ Skinner.

           

            Not clear which of John Huett Sr.'s two wives was the mother of son John.

 

3986.  Abraham de Almerda.  He married Sarah ___.

 

3987.  Sarah ___.

 

10th Great-Grandparents

 

4150.  Stephen Hopkins, b. ca 1581 in England,[335],[336] d. Jun- 6-1644 at Plymouth, Massachusetts, immigrated Nov-  -1620 at Plymouth, Massachusetts.332

           

            Stephen Hopkins, a descendant of Sir Richard Hopkins of Coventry, England, was a tanner and merchant who was one of the passengers on the Mayflower in 1620, arriving with his family and settling in Plymouth Colony.  Hopkins was recruited by the Merchant Adventurers to provide governance for the colony as well as to assist with the colony's ventures.  He was a member of a group of passengers known to the Pilgrims as "The Strangers" since they were not part of the Pilgrims' religious congregation.  Hopkins was one of forty-one signatories of the Mayflower Compact and was an assistant to the governor of the colony through 1636.

           

            It is believed that the Stephen Hopkins who arrived on the Mayflower was the man of that name who had arrived in Virginia in 1609 aboard the new flagship of the Virginia Company, the Sea Venture, with Sir George Somers took the helm.  He held the position of Minister's Clerk, serving as lay reader to the chaplain of the fleet.  The ship was enroute to the Jamestown Colony in Virginia with much needed supplies when it was deliberately driven onto the reefs of Bermuda to prevent its foundering as a result of the damage it had sustained during a severe storm.  All 150 passengers, crew and a dog survived the mishap. The ship's longboat was fitted with a mast and sent to Virginia for help, but it and its crew were never seen again.  While stranded on the island, Stephen Hopkins attempted to start a mutiny, for which he was sentenced to death.  But he was eventually set free after complaining of the "ruin of his wife and children."  Hopkins and the remaining survivors spent nine months on Bermuda building two smaller ships, the Deliverance and Patience, from Bermuda cedar and materials salvaged from the Sea Venture.  He and the other castaways eventually made their way to Jamestown, where Hopkins appears to have stayed for (some say) two years before returning to England.  The Hopkins family is considered one of the First Families of Virginia.  The story of the Sea Venture shipwreck, and Hopkins' mutiny, is said to be the inspiration for "The Tempest" by William Shakespeare.

           

            The Pilgrim Hopkins Heritage Society was founded in 2005 to perpetuate the memory of the Hopkins family who arrived on the “Mayflower” in 1620.  The Society encourages research on Stephen Hopkins, one of the most colorful and independent-minded Mayflower passengers, on his first wife, Mary, his second wife, Elizabeth, and on their descendants.  The Society assists descendants of the Pilgrim Hopkins family to acquire proof of eligibility for membership into the General Society of Mayflower Descendants.

            http://www.pilgrimhopkins.com/336,335.

           

            He married336 (1) 1604, Mary ___.

           

            He married332 (2) Feb-19-1617/8 in London, England,332 [St. Mary Matfellon, Whitechapel], Elizabeth Fisher, b. in England, d. 1639 at Plymouth, Massachusetts,332 immigrated Nov-  -1620 in Plymouth, Massachusetts.332

 

4151.  Mary ___, b. in England, d. 1613 in Hursley, Hampshire, England,336 [while Stephen Hopkins was away, probably in Virginia].

 

4158.  Robert Hicks, b. in England,333 resided 1618 in London, England,333 occupation leather dresser,333 immigrated Nov-21-1621 at Plymouth, Massachusetts,333 [on the ship "Fortune"].  He married in England,333 Margaret ___.

 

4159.  Margaret ___.

 

5832.  John Baldwin, d. Oct-  -1637 in Chesham, Bucks County, England.320  He married320 Hannah ___.

 

5833.  Hannah ___.

 

5896.  Thomas Huett,[337] occupation merchant & tailor,293 resided in London, England.293

 

11th Great-Grandparents

 

8316.  James Hicks, resided in London, England.333  He married Phebe Allyne.

 

8317.  Phebe Allyne.

           

            Possibly the daughter of Rev. Ephraim Allyne of Hertfordshire, England.333

 

11664.  Henry Baldwin, b. in Aston-Clinton, Bucks County, England,320 d. Jan- 1-1598/99 in England.320  He married320 Alice ___.

 

11665.  Alice ___.

 

12th Great-Grandparents

 

16632.  Baptist Hicks, b. ca 1526.333  He married Nancy Everhard.

 

16633.  Nancy Everhard.

 

23328.  Richard Baldwin, resided in Aston-Clinton, Bucks County, England.320  He married292 Ellen Apuke.

 

23329.  Ellen Apuke, resided in Aston-Clinton, Bucks County, England.320

 

13th Great-Grandparents

 

33264.  Thomas Hicks, resided in Tortworth, County Gloucester, England.333

              

               Inherited his father's estate at Tortworth.333

              

               He married Joan Darney.

 

33265.  Joan Darney.

 

33266.  James Everhard.

 

14th Great-Grandparents

 

66528.  John Hicks, resided in Tortworth, County Gloucester, England.333

              

               John Hicks lived at Tortworth, in County Gloucester, England.  He was a descendant of Sir Ellis Hicks, knighted by Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, at the battle of Poitiers on September 19, 1356.

              

               Tortworth is a small hamlet and civil parish near Thornbury in South Gloucestershire, England.  It is noted for a huge and ancient chestnut tree, believed to be over 1000 years old.  The tree, in St. Leonard's churchyard, looks like a small woods because many branches of the main trunk have descended and taken root.  Boundary records compiled in the reign of John already showed the "Great Chestnut of Tortworth" in South Gloucestershire as a landmark.  It was also known by the same name in the days of Stephen. This tree measured over 50 feet in circumference at 5 feet from the ground in 1720.333

 

 

 

www.doddridgecountyroots.com

 

 



[1]  Doddridge County Birth Records, West Union, WV, Spelling of name recorded as "Armond," which is incorrect.  Listed as a son of A. A. Brown and Babe Haught Brown. BR  Bk 4, p. 21.

[2]  U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 , Ancestry.com and National Archives & Records Administration.

[3]  U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010 [database on-line] , Ancestry.com.

[4]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, Identified as Armand Brown, 23, b. West Union, res. Youngstown Ohio, son of A. A. & Babe Brown; and Geneva Gaston, 19, b. & res. in West Union, dau of I. D. & Opal Gaston.  Married Aug 4 1946 at the United Brethren Church in West Union by Paul R. Capehart, minister of the Gospel.  (MR Bk 15, p. 432), http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11797816&Type=Marriage.

[5]  Minnesota Birth Index, 1935-2002 (online database), Ancestry.com and Minnesota Dept of Health.

[6]  1910 Census, Chehalis County (now known as Grays Harbor County), Washington.

[7]  Headstone, Sect U,Lot 3,Grv 1.

[8]  Immediate family.

[9]  1920 Census, Doddridge County, WV (West Union District).

[10]  1930 Census, Doddridge County, WV (West Union District).

[11]  1900 Census.

[12]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, Identified as Addison Brown, 29, b. Waudina Co Minnesota, res. Chehalis Co Washington; and Babe Haught, 23, b. & res. in Doddridge Co.  Married Dec 20 1910 in West Union by John T. Hickman, Minister of the M. E. Church. MR p. 388.

[13]  Newspaper wedding announcement, West Union Record, Friday, Jan 6 1911, quoted in its entirety:  "Married in Fairview.  A wedding was solemnized at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Foley in the Fairview addition on Dec 27, 1910.  The parties to the contract were Mr. A. A. Brown, of the State of Washington, and Miss Babe Haught, the sister of Mrs. Foley, and a daughter of Mr. D. M. Haught, of near Oxford.  The groom is a native of the afar off Northwest, and has only been here a few weeks, but after choosing a West Virginia girl for a wife, he has decided to settle among the West Virginia hills and make this state his home.  Here's congratulations to Mr. Brown and his bride."  (Note:  Marriage record shows that the actual date of the wedding was Dec 20 1910.).

[14]  Doddridge County Birth Records, West Union, WV, The record of this birth was made not at the time of her birth, but as a delayed entry in 1944.  She was identified as Nancy "Babe" Lou Haught, b. Jan 19 1884, dau of David M. Haught (age 36) & Mary Watson (age 36), their 7th child.  The delayed birth certificate was filed by her sister Rosa Haught Thomas on Jun 30 1944.  Surviving family members recalled that she rarely if ever used the middle name Lou, typically giving her full married name as Nancy B. Brown or Nancy Babe Brown.  To her many nieces and nephews, she was simply Aunt Babe. Del Bk 1, p 74C http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=2624687&Type=Birth.

[15]  Death Record - Online.

[16]  Headstone, Name shown as Nancy B. Brown.  Birth date incorrectly shown as Jan 19 1889, rather than Jan 19 1884.  Location: Sect U, Lot 3, Grv 2.

[17]  Social Security Death Index , Social Security card issued in Ohio in 1966.

[18]  Family Bible.

[19]  Headstone.

[20]  Immediate family, Marriage ceremony performed by Rev. S. P. Crummitt, witnessed by Howard (Ira's third cousin) and Miriam Jones.

[21]  Obituary - St. Joseph's Hospital.

[22]  1885 Minnesota Census , Identified as A. A. Brown, age 53, birthplace Massachusetts.  Wife:  Almira, age 41, birthplace New York.  Son:  Addison (misspelled Adison), age 3, birthplace Minnesota.

[23]  Death Record - Online, Identified as Ammi (?) A. Brown, 69, white male, born in Massachusetts, father's name Brown, father's birthplace (blank), mother's name and birthplace (blank), marital status illegible but appears to be married, occupation carpenter, resident of Soldiers Home; died June 20 1899 at Soldiers Home Orting, cause of death apoplexy.

(Washington Deaths, 1891-1907, an online database at Ancestry.com), Pierce County (Washington) Death Register, p. 71, Record No. 2960.

[24]  http://home.comcast.net/~suvcw1/cemetery/graves/orting.pdf.

[25]  1885 Minnesota Census.

[26]  Birth record of son.

[27]  City Directory, From Boyd's 1874 City Directory of Elmira, New York:  "Brown, Ammi A., carpenter, h 258 W Hudson "  The key to abbreviations indicates that the "h" stands for house.

http://www.joycetice.com/director/1874p058.htm.

[28]  City Directory.

[29]  Civil War Service Records , <http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/inddbs/4284.htm>.

[30]  Headstone, The military headstone reads:  "Corp'l A. A. Brown, Co A, 1st Wis H.A."

Officers of the Wisconsin 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment were Colonel Charles C. Meservey; Lieutenant Colonel Jacob T. Foster; and Majors Charles C. Meservey, L. H. Drury, Richard W. Hubbell and David C. Fulton.  The regiment originated in Dec 1861 as a detached company of 2nd Wisconsin Infantry and was stationed at Fort Cass.  On Aug 28 1862, a detachment of 40 men, with three pieces of artillery, was sent to garrison Fort Buffalo, an exposed post, where it repulsed an enemy attack.  It returned to Fort Cass in Sep 1862, moved to Fort Ellsworth in November, and was transferred to Fort Worth in May 1863.  In Jun 1863, Capt. Meservey was authorized to recruit a battalion of four batteries of heavy artillery, using the original battery as a basis.  Battery A moved in October from Fort Worth to Battery Rodgers, where it remained until May 1864, and was then transferred to Fort Willard (Fort Willard Circle and Glen Drive, off Fort Hunt Road, Alexandria, VA).  It returned to Battery Rodgers in August and was mustered out at Washington on Aug 18 1865.  The entire regiment's original strength was 1,777, with gains by recruits (407), draft (4) and reentlistments (29) bringting to total to 2,217.  Losses were by death (73), desertion (70), transfer (28), discharge (223), unaccounted for (3), and mustered out (1,820).  (Sources:  "Civil War Regiments from Wisconsin," by Lt. Col. Jerome A. Watrous, originally published in 1908 by Federal Publishing Company, reprinted in 2003 by eBooksOnDisk.com, pp. 106-107; http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unwiarty.htm )

http://www.dodgejeffgen.com/archive/PalmyraCivilWar.htm.

[31]  Civil War Service Records , <http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/inddbs/4284.htm>, Documents obtained from the Wisconsin Historical Society:  Descriptive Roll of Company A, First Regiment, contained the following entry:  Ammi A. Brown, age 32, married, residence Palymyra, occupation carpenter, eyes blue, hair brown, complexion sandy, height 5' 7-1/2", rank Private, enlisted Aug 22 1862 at Palmyra by Lt. Caleb Hunt, term of service 3 years, mustered in on Aug 30 1862 at Madison, mustered out on Jun 26 1865 at Battery Rodgers, Virginia.

[32]  1860 Census.

[33]  Marriage record, A letter from S. A. Crandall, attorney for Rachel A. Brown, written to S. M. Allen at the Orting Soldiers Home, is quoted here in its entirety:  "Tacoma, Wn, April 27 1900.  S. M. Allen Commandant, Orting Wash.  Dear Sir:  I have the honor to say to you that Mrs. Rachel Brown has called to consult me with reference to her claim to the funds and effects of the late Ammi Brown, and I note what you say to her in your communication on Nov 14, 1899.  I have known both Mr. and Mrs. Brown for some years, and as Justice for Tacoma Precinct performed the ceremony that made them husband and wife June 27th 1895.  I have the certificate issued to them before me and identifiy Mrs. Brown and the party mentioned in the certificate, which I inclose herewith, and which I would thank you to return to me.  If necessary I will furnish an affidavit of the foregoing facts.  Very respectfully, S. A. Crandall.".

[34]  Death Record - Birth date calculated from age at death.

[35]  Death Record - Online, Identified in Pierce County death records as Rachell A. Brown, white female, 53, b. in New York, both parents b. in New York, widowed; died Feb 1 1904 in Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, cause of death exhaustion.  Reported by T. J. Stewart.  A second, less legible, death record at the city of Tacoma provides much the same information, but specifies age at death as 53y 10m 25d.  (Washington Deaths, 1891-1907, an online database at Ancestry.com, with original images.), Pierce County (Washington) Death Register, p. 149, Record No. 6228.

[36]  Funeral card.

[37]  Death record.

[38]  1850 Census, Note:  Earl Perry Crandall, citing NBV : VARS' Records; Vol II, p. 171, reports Almira's birth as Mar 18 1845 in Plainfield, Otsego Co, NY.  But this was actually for a different person, Almira Saunders, daughter of William M. Saunders & Catherine Beedle.

[39]  Presumed, In an affidavit filed by son Addison in 1935 to establish his date of birth, he stated that his mother had died when he was about age six.  This would put her death in about 1887 or 1888.  In 1915, in an application for membership in the Modern Woodmen of America, a fraternal benificiary society, Addison stated that his mother died at age 44 of "inflammation of bowels."  The location was probably in Minnesota, since Almira was there for the 1885 Census, husband Ammi is known from a land purchase to have been there in 1890, and his move to Washington State occurred in 1893.

[40]  1885 Minnesota Census , Her age listed as 35, her birthplace as New York, her father's birthplace as Connecticut, her mother's birthplace as New York, and her residence as Aldrich Township, Wadena County.

[41]  Obituary of son, Despite some speculation that the middle name of David M. Haught might be Moses, the obituary of son John Homer Haught identifies his parents as "David Marion and Mary Watson Haught.".

[42]  WV State Dept of Health, Div of Vital Statistics, Death Certificate  (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_dcsearch.aspx).

[43]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV.

[44]  Headstone (year only).

[45]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, Name listed as David B. Haught, the middle initial being an obvious error.  His birthplace was given as Doddridge Co, and death place as Greene Co, PA, but it is certain that those should be reversed.  Occupation given as "retired farmer," and marital status as widowed.  Parents identified as Peter Haught (b. in Pennsylvania) and Basheba Musgrave (b. in West Virginia).  Handwritten entry gives date of birth as 5/14/1843, but age at death (79y, 6m, 25d) puts birth at 5/14/1848, which coincides with other sources.  Cause of death listed as pulmonary tuberculosis. DR Bk 4, p 81: http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=5050231&Type=Death.

[46]  Headstone, - Headstone has his name as David M. Haught, with dates 1848 - 1927, and below that is "Mary his wife," with dates 1848 - 1910.

[47]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, DR p. 81 : http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=5050231&Type=Death.

[48]  1890 Veterans Schedules [database online], Ancestry.com and National Archives & Records Administration.

[49]  1880 Census, Doddridge County, WV.

[50]  U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database online] , National Park Service <http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/>, Ancestry.com.

[51]  West Union Herald, 7/3/1913 (one of ten Doddridge vets attending the Gettysburg 50th Anniversary).

[52]  Obituary of wife.

[53]  Obituary, West Union Record, 11/4/1910.

[54]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, Age at death given as 62y 5m 5d, which would put birth at May 22 1848, but Jun 13 1848 is given by family members.  Place of death listed as Fred's Run.  Cause of death was cardiac dilitation.  Marital status married.  Parents or maiden name not indicated. DR Bk 2, p. 64.

[55]  Obituary.

[56]  Doddridge County Birth Records, West Union, WV, Name appears in birth record as John M. Gasmins with parents Eli M. Gaston & Julina Gaston, BR Bk 1, p. 1.

[57]  Harrison County Death Records, Clarksburg, WV, Identified as John Morris Gaston, widowed, b. Sep 4 1853, son of Eli M. Gaston & Pauline Lowther, d. Nov 11 1927 at 201 Weekley St in Clarksburg, age 74y 2m 7d, cause of death pulmonary tuberculosis & influenza, certifying physician W. Gaston, buried at Gaston Cemetery on Nov 14 1927.  Informant:  J. S. Gaston.  Date filed:  Nov 28 1927. DR Bk 8, p. 83.

[58]  Obituary of sister.

[59]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, Identified as John M. Gaston, 22, b. & res. in Doddridge Co, son of Eli M. & Rulina Gaston; and Elizabeth Hart, 17, b. & res. in Doddridge Co, dau of John G. & Melinda A. Hart.  Married Aug 16 1876.  Ceremony performed by A. Thomas.  (Note:  Wife's obituary states marriage date as being one day later, on Aug 17 1876, as does the couple's family Bible and a W. Guy Tetrick family information survey completed by son Ira Dow Gaston in 1931.), MR Bk 1-A, p. 212.

[60]  Doddridge County WV Marriages 1845-1937 , Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg, WV 26101 (Jan 1993).

[61]  Doddridge County Birth Records, West Union, WV, But Gaston Family Bible says August 25, 1858, and 1900 Census states Aug 1855. BR Bk 1, p. 10.

[62]  Obituary - At home, Obituary initially misidentifies her as Elizabeth Hart Maxwell, then later correctly refers to her as Mrs. Gaston.

[63]  1880 Census, Doddridge County, WV (Southwest District).

[64]  Death record of son.

[65]  Marriage record of son.

[66]  1870 Census, Doddridge County, WV (South West Twp).

[67]  The History of Doddridge County, West Virginia , Taylor Publishing Co, 1979, p. 173.

[68]  Walter Ray "Shiner" Husk (1900-1993).

[69]  Ritchie County Death Records, Harrisville, WV, Identified as Susan Emma Husk, married, died Aug 30 1893 at Cokeleys, age 23y 4m 17d, cause of death consumption, buried at Cairo. DR Bk 1, p. 27.

[70]  Ritchie County Death Records, Harrisville, WV.

[71]  Ritchie County Marriage Records, Harrisville, WV.

[72]  Ritchie County WV Marriages 1843-1915 , Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg WV 26101 (July 1985).

[73]  Death record of daughter.

[74]  1930 Census, Doddridge County, WV (Southwest District).

[75]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, DR Bk 5, p. 81.

[76]  Doddridge County WV Deaths 1853-1969 , Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg, WV 26101.

[77]  1850 Census.

[78]  Connecticut Town Birth Records, pre-1870 (Barbour Collection) , Identified as Amma Tufts Brown, b. Nov 22 1799 in Brooklyn, son of Rufus & Mary. Brooklyn Vital Records, Vol. 1, p. 232.

[79]  1870 Census.

[80]  Daughters of the American Revolution Lineage Book, National Number 583525.

[81]  1850 Census, Barbour County, (W)VA.

[82]  Headstone - Date calculated from age at death, 73y 9m 5d.

[83]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, Identified as Peter Haut, age 74, died Jun 14 1883, cause of death dropsy, informant wife.  Space for the decedent's parents' names was left blank.  The listed date of death is at variance with the death date on his headstone, June 17 1883.  (NOTE:  Wes Cochran's "Doddridge County Deaths" has death date as "6/  /1882."  But the original death record states Jun 14 1883, age 74.  Headstone reads June 17 1883, age 73y 9m 5d.), DR Bk 3, p. 40:  http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=5046021&Type=Death.

[84]  1860 Census, Doddridge County, (W)VA.

[85]  1880 Census, Doddridge County, WV (West Union District).

[86]  U.S. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line] , Ancestry.com and National Archives & Records Administration.

[87]  U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles [database on-line] , Ancestry.com.

[88]  W. B. Haught, Genealogy of the Haught Family of America  (1948).

[89]  Earl L. Core, Chronicles of Core , McClain Publishing Co, Parsons, WV, 3rd Edition, 1975.

[90]  Don Norman, 41991 Emerson Court, Elyria, OH 44035, Descendants of Peter Haught , http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hcpd/norman/HAUGHT/peter.htm.

[91]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, MR Bk 1-A, p. 182.

[92]  Roane County Death Records, Spencer, WV, Identified as William Watson, married, age 72, born in Mercer County, died Feb 9 1890, cause of death "La-Grippe," occupation farmer, buried at Hebron Cemetery.  Basis for birthplace given as Mercer County is not known, as all other references to his birthplace are as Harrison County. DR Bk 1, p. 20.

[93]  Barbara Watson Howard <bkw23@hotmail.com>.

[94]  Joseph D. Miller, <jdmiller@homeinternet.net>, The Miller-Parsons Family Genealogy  (http://awt.ancestry.com).

[95]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, History of Ritchie County  (1911, reprinted 1999, McClain Printing Co, Parsons WV, http://McClainPrinting.com), p. 237.

[96]  Marriage records of daughters Malinda, Juliet & Sarah.

[97]  Victor E. Waldo, Jr. <vicwal@mmind.net>, Richard Dotson Family  (posted at http://awt.ancestry.com).

[98]  Harrison County Marriage Records, Clarksburg, WV, The handwritten marriage record provides no identifying information on either person.  It states only that William Watson and Nancy Nutter were married in Harrison County on Oct 22, year not specified but context and sequence indicating 1840.  Other researchers, including Wes Cochran, have reported Oct 22 1841.  The marriage date at first glance appears to be Mar 4 1841, with the Oct 22  entry pertaining to the previously listed couple .  But closer examination reveals the Oct 22 date to pertain to the marriage between William Watson & Nancy Nutter. MR Bk 3, p. 145.

[99]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, Identified as William Watson, widowed, farmer, age 53, b. Harrison Co, res. Doddridge Co, son of Jacob & Sarah Watson; and Ellen Jane Leggett, widowed, age 41, b. Harrison Co, res. (ditto implies Doddridge), dau of John A. & Mary Stinespring.  Married Sep 25 1871 in Doddridge County. MR Bk 1-A, p. 182.

[100]  1900 Census, Doddridge County, WV (Southwest District).

[101]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, DR Bk 2, p. 177.

[102]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, Identified as Jane Watson, widow, died Aug 14 1914 at Auburn, age 84y 2m 14d.  That would put her birth date at May 31 1830.  Auburn is located in Ritchie Co near the border with Doddridge Co. DR Bk 2, p. 177.

[103]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, Identified as Nancy Watson, d. Jun 29 1869, daughter of A. Nutter and wife of William Watson.  Age at death, 51y 4m 7d, would put birth on Feb 22 1818.  Birthplace listed as Barbour Co, Va (now WV).  Cause of death consumption. DR Bk 3, p. 16.

[104]  Donald E. Norman & Pauline Karabogias, The Descendants of Christopher Nutter (based on "The Nutter Family" by Barr Wilson) , http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hcpd/norman/NUTTER/.

[105]  W. Guy Tetrick files.

[106]  Rev. I. A. Barnes, The Methodist Protestant Church in West Virginia , The Stockton Press, Baltimore, MD, 1926.

[107]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, The entire handwritten marriage record reads:  "This is to certify that the following persons were lawfully married by me.  Eli M. Gaston to Relina Lowther on the 29th day of November 1846.  Given under my hand this 16th day of July 1847.  Isaac Holland.", MR Bk 1, p. 4 : www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11790910&Type=Marriage.

[108]  Doddridge County WV Marriages 1845-1937 , Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg, WV 26101 (Jan 1993), Identified as Eli M. Gaston and Relina [sic] Lowther.  Married Nov 29 1846.

[109]  Obituary of son.

[110]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, Identified as Rulina Gaston, widow, died Sep 30 1911 at Oxford, age 86y1m18d.  Cause:  "Heart disease incident to old age."  Parents or maiden name not indicated. DR Bk 2, p. 55.

[111]  Ritchie County Marriages 1843-1853.

[112]  W. Guy Tetrick files , "Hileman Genealogy" (p. 36) incorrectly reports death date as Sep 24 1887, which Doddridge County death records show to be the death date of a different John G. Hart, a child, the son of William "Billy" & Mary Catherine Hart.

[113]  Ritchie County Marriages 1843-1853 , Bride's parents listed as Andrew & Malinda [sic] Willis Nutter.  Ceremony performed by George Collins on Oct 22 1844.

[114]  Obituary of daughter.

[115]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, DR Bk 3, p. 28.

[116]  Brenton Leon Husk (1900-1975).

[117]  Earl L. Core, Chronicles of Core , McClain Publishing Co, Parsons, WV, 3rd Edition, 1975, p. 35.

[118]  Charlotte Ramsey Barboe, Warner Robins, GA <cootiyah@aol.com> (a Critchfield descendant).

[119]  Headstone,  - Her name appears only as "Jane, wife of Isaac Husk."  Full birth & death dates are given, as is age at death, 64y 11m.

[120]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, MR Bk 1-A, p. 124.

[121]  Ritchie County Death Records, Harrisville, WV, Two handwritten entries, one after the other, give place of death as Cokeleys and Rutherford, marital status as widower and married, and age at death as 89 yrs and 87y1m19d.  The first entry was made by the undertaker, the second by Dr. Rexroad.  The latter specific age would put date of birth at Dec 31 1828. p. 141.

[122]  Ritchie County Historical Society (David M. Scott, Editor), Ritchie County, West Virginia Cemeteries through 1993 , McClain Printing Co, Parsons, WV, 1995.

[123]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV.

[124]  Ritchie County Death Records, Harrisville, WV, His marriage record in 1858 listed his occupation as farmer, while his death record in 1916 gave it as blacksmith.

[125]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, Groom identified as Samuel McNemer (sic), age 21, born in Hardy Co, VA, son of Philip McNemer.  Bride identified as Barsheba (sic) Vincent, age 17, born in Marion Co, VA, dau of Joseph Vincent.  Both residents of Doddridge Co.  Ceremony performed Aug 3 1858 by L. Hess. MR Bk 1-A, p. 124.

[126]  Headstone (date) & Marriage Rec (place).  June 20 1841 given by some.  Age 17 at Aug 1858 marriage puts birth ca 1841. Age 88 at March 1923 death puts birth ca 1834.  Age 10 at 1850 Census puts birth ca 1840.  Age 33 at 1878 birth of son makes it 1845.

[127]  Harrison County Death Records, Clarksburg, WV, Name listed as "Bashaber Belle McNemar," age 88, widow.  Father listed as Aaron Vincent, an error probably referring to son Joseph Aaron McNemar, age 44 at time.  Mother's name "not obtained.", DR Bk 7, p. 174.

[128]  Headstone, shared with husband Samuel A. McNemar.  Her name appears as Bashie B. McNemar, with dates Jul 20 1839 to Mar 12 1923.

[129]  Ritchie County Historical Society (David M. Scott, Editor), Ritchie County, West Virginia Cemeteries through 1993 , McClain Printing Co, Parsons, WV, 1995, Birth date incorrectly reported as July 20 1889.  The inscription actually reads Jul 20 1839.

[130]  Connecticut Town Birth Records, pre-1870 (Barbour Collection) , Identified as Rufus Brown, b. Aug 5 1771 in Canterbury, son of Benjamin & Hannah. Canterbury Vital Records, Vol. 1, p. 84.

[131]  Gloria Wall Bicha, The Benjamin Family in America  (1977), p. 114 (Location only.  Date from headstone.).

[132]  Findagrave.com (http://www.findagrave.com).

[133]  Birth record of daughter.

[134]  Connecticut Town Marriage Records, pre-1870 (Barbour Collection), Brooklyn Vital Records, Vol. 1, p. 61.

[135]  Gloria Wall Bicha, The Benjamin Family in America  (1977), p. 114.

[136]  James Dallas Musgrave, Arlington, VA <SEEWVA@prodigy.com>.

[137]  Ancestors of the Musgraves , http://musgravemanor.homestead.com/2004/index.html.

[138]  1860 Census, Monongalia County, (W)VA.

[139]  Monongalia County Marriage Records, Morgantown, WV.

[140]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 106.

[141]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, Ritchie County in History and Romance  (McClain Publishing Co, Parsons, WV, 1990), p. 244.

[142]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 107.

[143]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, History of Ritchie County  (1911, reprinted 1999, McClain Printing Co, Parsons WV, http://McClainPrinting.com), p. 421.

[144]  Marriage record of daughter.

[145]  Pleasants County History, from Hardesty's Biographical Atlas, Vol V, 1882 (http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvpleasa/hardhis.htm).

[146]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, History of Ritchie County  (1911, reprinted 1999, McClain Printing Co, Parsons WV, http://McClainPrinting.com), p. 236.

[147]  1850 Census, Doddridge County, (W)VA.

[148]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, History of Ritchie County  (1911, reprinted 1999, McClain Printing Co, Parsons WV, http://McClainPrinting.com).

[149]  Lewis County Death Records, Weston, WV.

[150]  Lewis County Death Records, Weston, WV, Identified as Hugh Gaston, white male, widower, b. in New Jersey, parents (blank), occupation farmer; died Jul 26 1888 in Lewis County, age 100y 1m 21d, cause of death old age.  Informant & relationship:  (blank), step-daughter. DR Bk 1, p. 165 : www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=2917238&Type=Death.

[151]  Harrison County Marriage Records, Clarksburg, WV, MR Years 1784-1850.

[152]  Lewis County Marriage Records, Weston, WV, The handwritten record is actually a  list of four marriages performed by a particular minister between Aug 1847 and Oct 1848.  It reads, in part, "I hereby certify that I joined together ... Mr. Hugh Gaston and Miss Elizabeth Washburn on the first day of June 1848 ... agreeably to a license issued from the clerk's office of Lewis county court.  Given under my hand this 29th day of May 1849.  Carr Bailey, Minister of the Baptist Church."  Just below that entry is a handwritten statement reading "The above certificate of marriages was presented in the clerk's office of Lewis county court on the 11th day of June 1849.  Testa   John Morrow, Clerk", MR Bk 3, p. 4 : www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=10708229&Type=Marriage.

[153]  Lewis County Death Records, Weston, WV, The 1870 Census of Lewis County (Willey Township), WV, p. 89, reports her birth place as Virginia.  But this is contradicted by her death record and other sources stating that she was born in Kentucky.

[154]  Lewis County Death Records, Weston, WV, Identified as Elizabeth Gaston, age 83, died Sep 16 1885.  Cause of death:  Old age.  Name of parents:  Unknown.  Place of birth:  Kentucky.  Spouse:  Hugh Gaston.  Informant & relationship:  Marion Gaston, son. DR Bk 1, p. 151.

[155]  1860 Census, Lewis County, (W)VA.

[156]  1870 Census, Lewis County, WV (Willey Township).

[157]  1880 Census, Lewis County, WV.

[158]  E. Murray Taylor, Jr. (1921-2011), Ancestral Record of John Gaston and Anna Davison  (self-published).

[159]  1830 Census, Harrison County, (W)VA.

[160]  Robert Barnes, Maryland Marriages 1801-1820 , Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore, MD.

[161]  Robert Barnes, Maryland Marriages 1801-1820 , Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore, MD, Marriage Record 273-81.  Ceremony took place at Zion Lutheran Church, Baltimore.

[162]  Headstone, Reports of Sarah Garrett Hart's death date as Apr 3 1850 are incorrect.  They are based on a reading of a damaged portion of her headstone, which appeared to bear that date.  But the 1850 Census of Doddridge County, enumerated on July 23 1850, shows that she was residing with her husband in the home of their son John.  A re-examination of a photograph of the headstone shows that what had appeared to be a zero as the last digit of the year 1850 was more likely the upper portion of an eight, making the death date Apr 3 1858.  The lower portion of the headstone has become even more damaged since the photo was taken.  No death record was found for her at Doddridge County.

[163]  1880 Census.

[164]  1930 Census, Monongalia County, WV.

[165]  Lizabeth Cottrill White, Charleston, WV 25314 <lcwhite@suddenlink.net>.

[166]  Cecile Gonyea Nichols, Oklahoma <TMN1985@aol.com> <tmn1985@sbcglobal.net>.

[167]  Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV, Identified as John Crihfield Sr, white male, widower, farmer, born in New Jersey, son of Absalom & Sarah; died Dec 15 1865 in Doddridge County, age 79y 10m 21d, cause of death "old age."  Informant:  John Crihfield Jr, son. DR p. 8 : http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=5051284&Type=Death.

[168]  Cecile Gonyea Nichols, Oklahoma <TMN1985@aol.com> <tmn1985@sbcglobal.net>, Citing death certificate.

[169]  Cecile Gonyea Nichols, Oklahoma <TMN1985@aol.com>, citing DAR supplemental membership for Mildred Louise Huffman Russell, Pension Claim S22583 of William Whitlatch, cemetery records of Whitely Twp in Greene Co PA (Old Ironsides cemetery, p. 7), and deed from heirs of William Whitlatch to Joseph Wise in 1849 (Deed Book 15, p. 475).

[170]  William Fred Spuhler Jr. (1940-2004), Richfield, MN, a Husk descendant and genealogist.

[171]  U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index [database on-line], Ancestry.com.

[172]  1850 Census, Hardy County, (W)VA.

[173]  Gaylene Kerr Banister, Houston, TX <banister@accesscomm.net>.

[174]  Leola Williams Andrews, Jupiter, FL <Leola72@aol.com>, a direct descendant, But Gaylene Kerr Banister reports Cliff Radcliff as showing Joseph livng in 1900, while Olive Young Toland reports his death on Apr 29 1888.

[175]  Leola Williams Andrews, Jupiter, FL <Leola72@aol.com>, a direct descendant.

[176]  Harrison County WV Marriages 1785-1894 , Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg, WV 26101 (1985).

[177]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, Identified as Joseph I. Vincent, widower, age 42, b. Marion Co VA, occupation mechanic; and Mary A. Smith, widow, age 31, born in Augusta Co, VA,, daughter of James & Sarah Brien. MR Bk 1-A, p. 118.

[178]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, Identified in MR Bk 1-A, p. 118, as Mary A. Smith, age 31, born in Augusta Co, VA, widow, daughter of James & Sarah Brien.  A second marriage record, MR Bk 1-B, p. 17, identifies her as Mary Ann Smith, dau of Mr. Bryan. MR Bk 1-A, p. 118, and MR Bk 1-B, p. 17.

[179]  Record of husband's remarriage, Husband Joseph I. Vincent identified as a widower at time of his marriage to Arthelia Pinell in Dec 1863.

[180]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, MR Bk 1-A, p. 146.

[181]  Doddridge County WV Marriages 1845-1937 , Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg, WV 26101 (Jan 1993), Identified as Joseph I. Vincent, widowed, age 50, b. Harrison Co, res. Doddridge Co, son of Edward & Rebecca; and Arthelia Pinell, age 26, b. Tyler Co, res. Doddridge Co, dau of Joseph & Anna.  Married Dec 31 1863.

[182]  Doddridge County Marriage Records, West Union, WV, MR  Bk 1-A, p. 146.

[183]  1850 Census, Harrison County, (W)VA.

[184]  Record of husband's remarriage.

[185]  Gloria Wall Bicha, The Benjamin Family in America  (1977), p. 113.

[186]  Connecticut Probate Records, Plainfield District, Windham County (1747-1880)  (NEHGS microfilm collection, Boston), The will of Benjamin Brown of Canterbury, husband of Hannah and father of Rufus and other children known to be in this family, was dated Nov 28 1791 and proved on Feb 7 1792 in Canterbury, Plainfield District, Windham County.  Twenty-seven years later, in a court document dated Sep 14 1819, his real estate was distributed among his heirs as follows, relationships not stated:  (1) Jedediah Brown, 1/8th part thereof beginning at the northwest corner adjoing land of Ebenezer Cady and Luther Brown.  (2) Anna Parker, 1/16th part thereof bounded beginning at the highway at the southwest corner of Luther Brown's land.  (3) Luther Brown, 1/8th part thereof beginning at the southwest corner of land set off to Anna Parker.  (4) Daniel Brown, 1/8th part thereof beginning at the southwest corner of land set off to Luther Brown.  (5) The heirs of Abigail Rider, 1/16th part thereof bounded beginning at the southwest corner of Benjamin Brown's land on the west side of the highway.  (6) The heirs of Ebenezer Brown, 1/8th part thereof bounded beginning at the northeast corner of Benjamin Brown's land on the west side of the highway.  (7) Rufus Brown, 1/8th part thereof bounded beginning at the southeast corner of land set off to the heirs of Eben [Ebenezer] Brown.  (8) Bazaruna Brown, 1/8th part thereof bounded beginning at the southeast corner of land set off to Rufus Brown.  (9) Thankful Peabody, 1/16th part thereof bounded beginning at the southeast corner of land set off to Bazaruna Brown.  (10) The heirs of Aurilla Cleaveland, 1/16th part thereof being a lot of (illegible) land lying in the land lying in the town of Brooklyn being a lot of land Benjamin Brown bought of John Parish. Record #267.

[187]  National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Patriot Index , Gateway Press, Baltimore, MD (2003), Vol I, p. 355.

[188]  National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Patriot Index , Gateway Press, Baltimore, MD (2003), Patriotic Service is defined to include:  "An Associator; Collector of Provisions; Defender of Fort or Frontier; Delegate to a Continental Contress or to a Provincial Congress; Express Rider; Fence Viewer; Furnishing as a substitute; Gunsmith who gave his services; Inspection of provisions; Legislator; Member of the Boston Tea Party, or the Cherokee Expedition, or the Galvez Expedition, or the Kaskaskia Campaign; Member of a Committee made necessary by the War; Minister who made patriotic sermons; Munitions maker; Nurse; Taking an Oath of Allegiance; Patroller; Prisoner of War or of the Indians; Ranger; Refugee; Rendering aid to the wounded; Rendering material aid; Signer of a petition or a non-importation agreement; Surgeon; Wheelwright.", Vol I, p. 355.

[189]  Edmund Janes Cleveland, The Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families (1899)  (http://www.archive.org/details/TheGenealogyOfTheClevelandAndCleavelandFamilies), pp. 79-82.

[190]  New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Vol. XLVIII, 1894, p. 193.

[191]  Connecticut Town Marriage Records, pre-1870 (Barbour Collection), Canterbury Vital Records, Vol. 1, p. 70.

[192]  MUSGRAVE of PA>WV>OH & PA>NC>IN>IL, http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~normsec/WEB/musgrave/.

[193]  Oren Frederic Morton & J. R. Cole, A History of Preston County, West Virginia , 1913/1914 (digitized by Google Books), p. 680.

[194]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 56.

[195]  Harold A. Tichenor, Tichenor Families in America , Braun-Brumfield Inc, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1988, p. 149.

[196]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, History of Ritchie County  (1911, reprinted 1999, McClain Printing Co, Parsons WV, http://McClainPrinting.com), p. 420.

[197]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 48.

[198]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 79.

[199]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 78.

[200]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), Marriage date reported as Jan 6 1796 on p. 47, but as Jan 2 1796 on p. 56. pp. 47 & 56.

[201]  1860 Census, Ritchie County, (W)VA.

[202]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 94.

[203]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), pp. 78, 82.

[204]  G. J. Whittaker, a Gaston descendant and researcher.

[205]  James R. Sample <jsample763@aol.com>, A Genealogy of the Levi Douglass Family and Some of His Descendants  (self-published, July 2007).

[206]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, History of Ritchie County  (1911, reprinted 1999, McClain Printing Co, Parsons WV, http://McClainPrinting.com), p. 349.

[207]  Harrison County WV Marriages 1785-1894 , Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg, WV 26101 (1985), Identified as William Williss and Ann Duglass, dau of Anne.  Married Nov 19 1794.

[208]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, History of Ritchie County  (1911, reprinted 1999, McClain Printing Co, Parsons WV, http://McClainPrinting.com), pp. 349, 596.

[209]  Minnie Kendall Lowther, Ritchie County in History and Romance  (McClain Publishing Co, Parsons, WV, 1990), p. 287.

[210]  Headstone - Date calculated from age at death.

[211]  Rev. Frank R. Symmes, History of the Old Tennent Church, 2nd Edition  (1904), p. 211.

[212]  Charles A. Hanna, Ohio Valley Genealogies , Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore MD, 1989 (orig. pub. 1900), p. 46.

[213]  Headstone, Inscription reads:  John Gaston, Sen., died Apr 6 1829, aged 76y 6m 20d.

[214]  A Reminiscent History of Northern West Virginia (1895)  (FamilySearch.org https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE114731), p. 507.

[215]  Harrison County Death Records, Clarksburg, WV, Identified as Anna Gaston, born in New Jersey, dau of Andrew & Sarah Davison (spelled this way in original handwritten record, but Dawson in a handwritten transcribed copy), wife of John Gaston, died Aug 8 1854, age 89y 5m 19d.  (Age is at variance with headstone inscription, which states death date Aug 8 1854, age 89y 5m 17d.)  Informant:  William Gaston, son.

[216]  One World Tree  (www.ancestry.com).

[217]  Family History Pedigree Resource File , www.familysearch.org, Vol 6, Disc 130.

[218]  James Garrett, Alamogordo, NM <garrett1@totacc.com>, posted at http://awt.ancestry.com, database 1235983.

[219]  Baltimore County Court Land Commission Records (Maryland State Archives, Ref BA0349, Pref 186, 2-16-7-27), in which Josias [sic] & Sarah Hart, on Jul 12 1830, initiated probate of estate of John Garrett, who died intestate.

[220]  West Virginia Deaths Index, 1853-1973 [database on-line] , Ancestry.com.

[221]  Terry Barnhill, PO Box 627, Green Forrest, AR 72638, barnhill@yournet.com, McNemar Genealogy  (1996 (via email)).

[222]  1860 Census, Hardy County, (W)VA.

[223]  Gaylene Kerr Banister, citing Clifford A. Radcliff (FTM WFT Vol 7, Tree #3550) and "Cemetery Readings of West Virginia ..." (date only).  Place of death possibly Fayette Co, PA.

[224]  Marion County Death Records, Fairmont, WV, Identified as Edward Vincent, white male, farmer, son of (unknown), husband of Rebecca Vincent; died Feb 29 1968 in Marion County, age 85y 1m 1d, cause of death old age.  Informant:  William O. Vincent, son. DR p. 22 : http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=5819017&Type=Death.

[225]  1860 Census, Marion County, (W)VA.

[226]  Leola Williams Andrews, Jupiter, FL <Leola72@aol.com>.

[227]  Gaylene Kerr Banister.  Exact location was Gappen's Tavern, with ceremony by by Squire Connoway.  This comes from Rebecca's application for pension as a widow of a veteran of War of 1812.

[228]  Gaylene Kerr Banister, citing Clifford A. Radcliff (FTM WFT Vol 7, Tree 3550).

[229]  Edmund Janes Cleveland, The Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families (1899)  (http://www.archive.org/details/TheGenealogyOfTheClevelandAndCleavelandFamilies), p. 80.

[230]  Edmund Janes Cleveland, The Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families (1899)  (http://www.archive.org/details/TheGenealogyOfTheClevelandAndCleavelandFamilies), p. 162.

[231]  Edmund Janes Cleveland, The Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families (1899)  (http://www.archive.org/details/TheGenealogyOfTheClevelandAndCleavelandFamilies), p. 163.

[232]  Gloria Wall Bicha, The Benjamin Family in America  (1977), p. 54.

[233]  Connecticut Town Marriage Records, pre-1870 (Barbour Collection), Vol. I, p. 71.

[234]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 34.

[235]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 36.

[236]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), pp. 36, 37.

[237]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 49.

[238]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 93.

[239]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 92.

[240]  Harold A. Tichenor, Tichenor Families in America , Braun-Brumfield Inc, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1988, p. 107.

[241]  John William Nutter, Orem, UT 84057.

[242]  Tammy Boncella <tammyboncella@yahoo.com>, Cottrill/Cottrell Descendants , http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~boncella/Cotpages/Cottrill.htm.

[243]  Henry Haymond, History of Harrison County West Virginia , Acme Publishing Company, Morgantown, WV (1910), http://books.google.com/books?id=J4QFK5LO-boC, p. 427.

[244]  James R. Sample <jsample763@aol.com>, A Genealogy of the Levi Douglass Family and Some of His Descendants  (self-published, July 2007), Wife Anne Douglass was appointed administrator of Levi Douglass' estate during the July 1787 court session.  The record states that "Levi Douglass Dec'd died without a will."  [Harrison County, Virginia, Court Order Book 1, p. 248].

[245]  Henry Haymond, History of Harrison County West Virginia , Acme Publishing Company, Morgantown, WV (1910), http://books.google.com/books?id=J4QFK5LO-boC.

[246]  James R. Sample <jsample763@aol.com>, A Genealogy of the Levi Douglass Family and Some of His Descendants  (self-published, July 2007), citing NSDAR applications 172957, 355275 and 368970.

[247]  Anna Reger Gaston, Gaston Family Lines of Somerset, "Somerset County Historical Quarterly," Somerville, NJ, Vol. 5 (1916)  (http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~windmill/html/somersev.html), p. 36.

[248]  Anna Reger Gaston, Gaston Family Lines of Somerset, "Somerset County Historical Quarterly," Somerville, NJ, Vol. 5 (1916)  (http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~windmill/html/somersev.html).

[249]  Anna Reger Gaston, Gaston Family Lines of Somerset, "Somerset County Historical Quarterly," Somerville, NJ, Vol. 5 (1916)  (http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~windmill/html/somersev.html), Ref:  NJ Archives, Vol III, pp 89, 99.

[250]  Charles A. Hanna, Ohio Valley Genealogies , Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore MD, 1989 (orig. pub. 1900), p. 45.

[251]  Jane Farrell Burgess, 11700 Dinwiddie Dr, Rockville, MD 20852, The Gaston Genealogy  (1989), p. 54.

[252]  Marcia De Sarro Witt, W. Palm Beach, FL.

[253]  Per notes of Dorothy Ruth Davisson, Lost Creek, WV, per Jeff Whittaker.

[254]  William F. Donnelly, The Wests of Duck Creek, Harrison County, Virginia (now West Virginia) , Gateway Press, Baltimore MD, 1997, p. 13.

[255]  Linn Baiker, Virginia Beach, VA <lb0530@cox.net>.

[256]  Sharel Rymer O'Connell, Washington PA <sharel121@gmail.com>.

[257]  Larry G. Shuck, Hampshire & Hardy Counties (W)VA Abstracts (Wills & Deeds, 1780-1800)  (Closson Press, 1935 Sampson Dr, Apollo, PA 15613, tel 412-337-4482 (Dec 1996)), Hardy Co Will Book Vol 1, p. 174.

[258]  Paul William King, Erie, PA <kingpaul@erie.net>, http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/k/i/n/Paul-William-King/index.html.

[259]  Gaylene Kerr Banister, citing Family Tree Maker, World Family Tree, Vol 7, Tree #3550.

[260]  Joy Gilchrist Stalnaker (editor), Lewis County West Virginia: Her People and Places , Hackers Creek Pioneers Descendants, Horner, WV 26372 (2000), pp. 136-137.

[261]  Don Norman, 41991 Emerson Court, Elyria, OH 44035, The Descendants of Jacob de Louzada , http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hcpd/norman/LUZADER/jacob.htm.

[262]  Gaylene Kerr Banister, citing "Those Irish Wisby's" by Carolyn Wells Mountain and Jean C. Brown.

[263]  Edmund Janes Cleveland, The Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families (1899)  (http://www.archive.org/details/TheGenealogyOfTheClevelandAndCleavelandFamilies), p. 48.

[264]  Edmund Janes Cleveland, The Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families (1899)  (http://www.archive.org/details/TheGenealogyOfTheClevelandAndCleavelandFamilies), p. 79.

[265]  Gloria Wall Bicha, The Benjamin Family in America  (1977), p. 29.

[266]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 27.

[267]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 28.

[268]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), Date of birth reported as between 1680 and 1690. p. 89.

[269]  Emily Pritchard Cary, Scottsdale AZ <EmpCary@cs.com>, The Pritchard Family History  (Heritage Books, Bowie MD, 1999, rev 2001), p. 89.

[270]  Harold A. Tichenor, Tichenor Families in America , Braun-Brumfield Inc, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1988, p. 106.

[271]  Donald E. Norman, 41991 Emerson Ct, Elyria, OH 44035-2537.

[272]  Charles A. Hanna, Ohio Valley Genealogies , Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore MD, 1989 (orig. pub. 1900), p. 42.

[273]  Anna Reger Gaston, Gaston Family Lines of Somerset, "Somerset County Historical Quarterly," Somerville, NJ, Vol. 5 (1916)  (http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~windmill/html/somersev.html), p. 35.

[274]  Headstone, With death given as Aug 1 1777, inscription states she was in the "eightyeth year of her age."  Name appears on headstone as "Jennet Gaston.".

[275]  Edward J. Raser, The Oliphant Family of Monmouth County  (The Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey), 58 (1983) n.1.

[276]  Lewis D. Cook, F.A.S.G., Smith Family of Bedford NY and Maidenhead NJ, The  (Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Vol 46 (1971), pp49-61, 122-132), Reprinted in Genealogies of New Jersey Families, Volume I.  (Baltimore:  Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1996), pp. 751-774.  Article reproduced on Brøderbund Software's Family Archive CD #182 (Family History: New Jersey Genealogies #1, 1600s-1800s). p. 755.