Doddridge County Roots

A West Virginia Genealogy

Chapman Johnson STUART

Male 1820 - 1888  (68 years)


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  • Name Chapman Johnson STUART 
    Born 8 Jan 1820  Highland Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Census 1850, 1860  Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1870, 1880  West Union District, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation lawyer, prosecutor, judge, legislator  [2
    Military Lt. Col., 14th W.Va. Infantry, Civil War (discharged 4 Apr 1863)  [3, 4, 5
    Died 20 Apr 1888  West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    Buried Blockhouse Hill Cemetery (old SDB section), West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9
    • His two wives are inscribed on either side of the same monument.
    Notes 
    • Chapman J. Stuart served as Doddridge County prosecutor from 1852 to 1861. An opponent of secession, he sat as a member of the First Wheeling Convention of 1861, was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1862, and in 1863 was elected judge of the Circuit Court and was on the bench for ten years, until 1873. His public service to the state continued after leaving the bench, and in 1874-75 and again in 1878-79 he represented Doddridge County in the Legislature. During the Civil War he did some valuable work as a Lieutenant Colonel of the 14th West Virginia Infantry in recruiting Union soldiers, raising Company A of that regiment.
      http://www.wileygenealogy.com/biographies/category/wv/doddridge/

      He has also been credited with naming the state of West Virginia. A June 1913 article which appeared in the Wheeling Intelligencer credits him for suggesting the name West Virginia as opposed to the other proposed names of "New Virginia" and "Allegheny."

      http://www.wvculture.org/history/sesquicentennial/stuartchapman.pdf
      http://www.wvculture.org/history/statehood/statename.html
      http://files.usgwarchives.net/wv/doddridge/bios/parr.txt
      https://www.doddridgecountyheritageguild.com/judge-chapman-johnson-stuart

      "HON. CHAPMAN J. STUART - son of Edward and Margaret Stuart, was born January 8, 1820, in that part if Bath county, Virginia, now included in Highland. His first wife was Elizabeth E., daughter of William and Anna [Unkles] Litle. She was born in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, September 20, 1823, and died October 27 1855. Of this marriage one daughter survives, Anna R., born November 1, 1849, now the wife of Dr. M. C. Daugherty, of Grafton, Taylor county, West Virginia. One daughter and two sons, Isabella, William and Arthur, died young. In Highland county, Virginia, Chapman J. Stuart and Mary A. Stuart were married, January 25, 1858. She was a daughter of Charles and Therese Stuart, and was born in Bath county, Virginia, May 18, 1837. The children of this marriage were five: W. Scott, born May 27, 1861, now a cadet at the West Virginia University; Agnes, May 27, 1866; Elizabeth, October 2, 1869; Therese, January 18, 1872; Douglas, December 17, 1874. The subject of this sketch held the office of prosecuting attorney for Doddridge county by successive re-elections, from 1852 until 1861, when he resigned. He was elected from the district composed of Doddridge and Tyler counties to the convention that met in Richmond in 1861 [in February], and there opposed the ordinance of secession. When it had been passed he returned to his constituents and opposed its adoption. He was a member of the Wheeling convention of 1861, where the action taken in Richmond was repudiated. In the spring of 1861 he was elected to the Virginia Senate from the counties of Harrison, Doddridge, Ritchie, and Wood, and met with the restored government at Wheeling until the formation of the State of West Virginia. In 1862 he was a member of the constitutional convention that framed the constitution of West Virginia; was chairman of the committee on boundaries of that body and when submitted to the people its adoption was advocated by him over a large portion of the State. In 1863 he was elected judge for the 4th Judicial Circuit of West Virginia, composed of Wetzel, Tyler, Doddridge, Ritchie, Gilmer and Pleasants counties, and at the expiration of his term of office he was re-elected, serving until, under the new Constitution, the office ceased to be, January 1, 1873. He represented Doddridge county in the State legislature in the session of 1874-5, and again in 1878-9. In the first-named session he was one of the managers of impeachment and trial before the Senate of John S. Burdett and E. A. Bennett, State treasurer and auditor, and prosecuted these cases through the entire proceedings. He was in the service of the Federal government for nine months of the civil war, holding commission of lieutenant-colonel of the 14th West Virginia Infantry, and taking an active part in recuiting volunteers. He raised Company A, of the 14th regiment. Judge Stuart made his home in Doddridge county in 1846 and his residence and postoffice address are West Union, Doddridge county, West Virginia. 31"
      Source: Hardesty's 1883 History of Doddridge County
      http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wvpioneers/doddridgecountyhistory.html

      1850 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia):
      Chapman J. Stewart, 30, b. Va, Sheriff Deputy; Elizabeth Stewart, 24, b. Pa; Anna Litle, 50, b. Pa; William Stewart, 3, b. Va; Anna Stewart, 1, b. Va; Rachel Davis, 20, b. Va.

      1860 Census, Doddridge Co, Virginia (now West Virginia), enumerated on Jun 5 1860:
      C. J. Steuart, 40, lawyer & farmer, value of real estate $8,600, value of personal estate $3,220; Mary A. Steuart, 22; Anna R. Steuart, 11; Ann Litle, 65; D. E. Davis (male), 22.

      The 1860 Federal Census Slave Schedule for Doddridge County, enumerated on Jun 1 1860, contains the following entry:
      Slave owner: C. J. Stuart.
      Description of slaves:
      1 black female, age 22
      1 black female, age 10

      1870 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (West Union Twp), enumerated on Jun 20 1870:
      Chaplin J. Stuart, 50, farmer & Judge of State Circuit Court, value of real estate $25,000, value of personal estate $16,000; Mary A, 33; Scott, 9; Agnus, 4; Elizabeth, 7 months; Sarah Moore, 23, domestic servant.

      1880 Census, Doddridge Co, WV (West Union District), enumerated on Jun 18 1880:
      C. J. Stuart, 60, lawyer; wife M. A., 44; son Scott, 18; dau Agnes, 13; dau Elizabeth, 10; dau Theresa, 7; son Douglas, 5; servant Flora Owens, 20, single, occupation servant girl, cannot read or write. [2]
    Person ID I30622  Doddridge County Roots
    Last Modified 25 Jul 2019 

    Father Edward STUART,   b. CA 1797, Highland Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1870, Elk District, Harrison Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 73 years) 
    Mother Margaret "Peggy" STUART,   b. 8 Aug 1801,   d. 8 Aug 1897, Romines Mills (Lost Creek), Harrison Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 96 years) 
    Family ID F35812  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Elizabeth J. LITLE,   b. 2 Sep 1823, Bedford Co, PA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1855, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)  [2
    Children 
     1. William Henry STUART,   b. 13 Oct 1846, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Dec 1853, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 7 years)
    +2. Anna R. STUART,   b. Jan 1849, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Feb 1932, Galesburg, Knox Co, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 83 years)
     3. Arthur Uncles STUART,   b. 2 Nov 1851, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1853, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 2 years)
     4. Isabella Kate STUART,   b. 1854, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Oct 1855, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
    Family ID F17381  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Mary Ann STUART,   b. 8 May 1837, Bath Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jul 1917, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)  [2, 10, 11
    Married 25 Jan 1857  Highland Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    • Chapman Johnson Stuart and Mary Ann Stuart were first cousins.
    Children 
     1. (Stillborn daughter) STUART,   b. Nov 1859, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Nov 1859, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)
    +2. Winfield Scott STUART,   b. 27 May 1861, West Union, Doddridge Co, (W)VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Nov 1950, West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years)
    +3. Agnes Virginia STUART,   b. 27 May 1867, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Aug 1949, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
     4. Elizabeth STUART,   b. 2 Oct 1869, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Aug 1964, Clarksburg, Harrison Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 94 years)
     5. Theresa H. STUART,   b. 18 Jan 1872, West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1959, West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
    +6. Douglas C. STUART,   b. 15 Sep 1874, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Jul 1902, West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
    Family ID F11798  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 20 Apr 1888 - West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Blockhouse Hill Cemetery (old SDB section), West Union, Doddridge Co, WV Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    30622_STUART_Chapman-Johnson_LtCol_14thWVaInf.jpg
    30622_STUART_Chapman-Johnson_LtCol_14thWVaInf.jpg
    30622_STUART_ChapmanJohnson_MaryAnnStuart_BlockhouseHillCem_OldSDB_WestUnion_DoddridgeCoWV.jpg
    30622_STUART_ChapmanJohnson_MaryAnnStuart_BlockhouseHillCem_OldSDB_WestUnion_DoddridgeCoWV.jpg
    30622_STUART_Chapman-Johnson_LtCol_14thWVaInf_Labeled.jpg
    30622_STUART_Chapman-Johnson_LtCol_14thWVaInf_Labeled.jpg

    Documents
    30622_STUART_ChapmanJ_CommissionerofBoundaries_1stConsitutionalConvention_WheelingWV_1863.jpg
    30622_STUART_ChapmanJ_CommissionerofBoundaries_1stConsitutionalConvention_WheelingWV_1863.jpg
    West Union Fire, Daily Dispatch, Richmond Va, 3 Apr 1858
    West Union Fire, Daily Dispatch, Richmond Va, 3 Apr 1858
    Cincinnati Enquirer, Feb 14 1879
    Cincinnati Enquirer, Feb 14 1879
    30622_STUART_ChapmanJ_Speakers-at-Memorial-Service_25Jul1888.jpg
    30622_STUART_ChapmanJ_Speakers-at-Memorial-Service_25Jul1888.jpg

  • Sources 
    1. [S1864] Death Record - Birth date calculated from age at death, DR p. 9 : http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=5047520&Type=Death.
      "West Union WV Cemeteries," p. 39, reports headstone reading with the same death date of Apr 20 1888, but with age at death given as 68y 8m 12d. This would put birth date at Aug 8 1819. But his death record clearly indicates his age as 68y 3m 12d, putting his birth date at Jan 8 1820.

    2. [S1992] U.S. Biographies Project - West Virginia, (http://www.wileygenealogy.com/~usbios/bios/wv).

    3. [S2605] U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database online], (National Park Service , Ancestry.com).

    4. [S2619] U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles [database on-line], (Ancestry.com).

    5. [S2588] U.S. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line], (Ancestry.com and National Archives & Records Administration).

    6. [S1563] Doddridge County Death Records, West Union, WV.

    7. [S5] Headstone.

    8. [S1793] West Union WV Cemeteries (Doddridge County), (Wes Cochran, 2515 10th Ave, Parkersburg, WV 26101 (July 1990)).

    9. [S934] Findagrave.com.

    10. [S1570] Obituary of son.

    11. [S1590] Death record of daughter.

    12. [S2748] Virginia, Select Marriages, 1785-1940 [database on-line], (Ancestry.com).